Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

21-06-2017 | Uitgave 6/2017

Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6/2017

Depressive symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: biological mechanistic pathways

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Behavioral Medicine > Uitgave 6/2017
Auteurs:
Diana A. Chirinos, Indira Gurubhagavatula, Preston Broderick, Julio A. Chirinos, Karen Teff, Thomas Wadden, Greg Maislin, Hassam Saif, Jesse Chittams, Caitlin Cassidy, Alexandra L. Hanlon, Allan I. Pack

Abstract

This study examined the association between depressive symptoms, as well as depressive symptom dimensions, and three candidate biological pathways linking them to Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): (1) inflammation; (2) circulating leptin; and (3) intermittent hypoxemia. Participants included 181 obese adults with moderate-to-severe OSA enrolled in the Cardiovascular Consequences of Sleep Apnea (COSA) trial. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). We assessed inflammation using C-reactive protein levels (CRP), circulating leptin by radioimmunoassay using a double antibody/PEG assay, and intermittent hypoxemia by the percentage of sleep time each patient had below 90% oxyhemoglobin saturation. We found no significant associations between BDI-II total or cognitive scores and CRP, leptin, or percentage of sleep time below 90% oxyhemoglobin saturation after controlling for relevant confounding factors. Somatic symptoms, however, were positively associated with percentage of sleep time below 90% saturation (β = 0.202, P = 0.032), but not with CRP or circulating leptin in adjusted models. Another significant predictor of depressive symptoms included sleep efficiency (βBDI Total = −0.230, P = 0.003; βcognitive = −0.173, P = 0.030 (βsomatic = -0.255, P = 0.001). In patients with moderate-to-severe OSA, intermittent hypoxia may play a role in somatic rather than cognitive or total depressive symptoms.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijft u als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen uw vak. Met het online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kunt u op uw gemak en wanneer het u het beste uitkomt verdiepen in uw vakgebied.

Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2017

Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6/2017 Naar de uitgave