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2022 | OriginalPaper | Hoofdstuk

14. Dementie

Auteurs: Prof. dr. F. R. J. Verhey, Dr. J. S. M. Hobbelen

Gepubliceerd in: Geriatrie in de fysiotherapie en kinesitherapie

Uitgeverij: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum

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Samenvatting

Door de dubbele vergrijzing (meer ouderen leven langer) zal het aantal mensen met dementie de komende jaren sterk toenemen. Dementie is een overkoepelend verzamelbegrip met vele verschillende oorzaken. De meest voorkomende oorzaken zijn de ziekte van Alzheimer en vasculaire dementie. Daarnaast komen frontotemporale dementie, parkinsondementie en de dementie met zogeheten Lewy-lichaampjes (‘Lewy body’-dementie) voor. Bij elke vorm van dementie is de motoriek ook aangedaan; we bewegen immers met onze hersenen. Zelfs al in het prodromale stadium (GDS 2–3) zijn veranderingen waargenomen. Er is veelbelovend bewijs voor een positief effect van oefentherapie bij mensen met dementie op het verbeteren van ADL en cognitie. Bovendien is aangetoond dat de zorglast van mantelzorgers significant lager wordt als gevolg van deze oefentherapie, vooral als de mantelzorger zelf bij de oefentherapie wordt betrokken. Over het geheel genomen is het van belang in multidisciplinair verband samen met patiënt en familie creatief te zoeken naar mogelijkheden voor welzijn en comfort, die individueel heel verschillend zijn.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Dementie
Auteurs
Prof. dr. F. R. J. Verhey
Dr. J. S. M. Hobbelen
Copyright
2022
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-368-2783-6_14