Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Although the number of girls served by the juvenile justice system has grown dramatically, little is known about the adult offending patterns of delinquent girls and the factors associated with their persistence and desistance from adult crime. To address this gap, we prospectively track 499 girls (62% Black, 16% Hispanic) discharged from juvenile justice facilities in the early 1990s and document their adult arrests, convictions, and incarcerations between the ages of 16–28. Trajectory analysis reveals four distinct early adult offending paths: Rare/Non-Offending (RN), Low Chronic (LC), Low-Rising (LR), and High Chronic (HC). Girls assigned to the LR and LC path are responsible for a disproportionate amount of adult arrests and are more likely than girls on the RN and LC path to come from homes characterized by high levels of family dysfunction and child maltreatment. Adoption of a therapeutic, trauma-sensitive and family-centered approach to female delinquency programming is recommended.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Benda, B. B., Corwyn, R. F., & Toombs, N. J. (2001). Recidivism among adolescent serious offenders: Prediction of entry into the correctional system for adults. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 28(5), 588–613. CrossRef
Ezell, M., & Cohen, L. E. (2005). Crime over the life course: The empirical implications of three theories. In M. Ezell & L. E. Cohen (Eds.), Desisting from crime: Continuity and change in long-term crime patterns of serious chronic offenders (pp. 12–52). New York: Oxford University Press.
Farrington, D. (1995). The development of offending and antisocial behavior from childhood: Key findings from the Cambridge study in delinquent development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 360(6), 929–964. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1995.tb01342.x.
Farrington, D., & Painter, K. (2004). Gender differences in risk factors for offending. Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, UK. Retrieved May 1, from http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r196.pdf.
Frederick, B. (1999). Factors contributing to recidivism among youth placed with the New York State Division for Youth. Research Report, Albany, NY: New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services.
Gottfredson, M., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Nagin, D. S. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Rivers, J., & Trotti, T. (1995). South Carolina’s delinquent males: An 11-year follow-up into probation and prison. Unpublished report to the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Delinquency and Prevention.
Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (2003b). Desistance from crime over the life course. In J. T. Mortimer & M. J. Shanahan (Eds.), Handbook of the life course (pp. 295–309). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. CrossRef
Snyder, H.·N., & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile offenders and victims: 2006 National Report. OJJDP National Report. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Tollett, C. L., & Benda, B. B. (1999). Predicting “Survival” in the community among persistent and serious juvenile offenders: A 12-month follow-up study. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 28(3/4), 49–76. doi: 10.1300/J076v28n03_04.
Warren, M. Q., & Rosenbaum, J. L. (1986). Criminal careers of female offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 13(4), 393–418. CrossRef
- Delinquent Girls Grown Up: Young Adult Offending Patterns and Their Relation to Early Legal, Individual, and Family Risk
Rebecca A. Colman
Do Han Kim
Therese A. Shady
- Springer US