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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2009

01-04-2009 | Original Paper

Delayed Self-recognition in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Sophie E. Lind, Dermot M. Bowler

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2009

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate temporally extended self-awareness (awareness of one’s place in and continued existence through time) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), using the delayed self-recognition (DSR) paradigm (Povinelli et al., Child Development 67:1540–1554, 1996). Relative to age and verbal ability matched comparison children, children with ASD showed unattenuated performance on the DSR task, despite showing significant impairments in theory-of-mind task performance, and a reduced propensity to use personal pronouns to refer to themselves. The results may indicate intact temporally extended self-awareness in ASD. However, it may be that the DSR task is not an unambiguous measure of temporally extended self-awareness and it can be passed through strategies which do not require the possession of a temporally extended self-concept.
Voetnoten
1
It is assumed that this is a typographical error, since this would mean that 12.45 children with ASD passed.
 
2
The analysis was also run as a 2 (Group) × 4 (DSR) test, including those children who failed to show mark-directed behaviour (= 2). However, the assumptions of Chi-square were violated and hence the Fisher’s exact statistic was appropriate. This test also failed to indicate any significant group differences, Fisher’s exact = 4.56, p (two-tailed) = 0.17, ϕ = 0.30.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Delayed Self-recognition in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Sophie E. Lind
Dermot M. Bowler
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2009
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-008-0670-7

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