Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2006

01-08-2006 | Original Paper

Decoding of Emotion through Facial Expression, Prosody and Verbal Content in Children and Adolescents with Asperger’s Syndrome

Auteurs: Jennifer L. Lindner, Lee A. Rosén

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2006

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study examined differences in the ability to decode emotion through facial expression, prosody, and verbal content between 14 children with Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) and 16 typically developing peers. The ability to decode emotion was measured by the Perception of Emotion Test (POET), which portrayed the emotions of happy, angry, sad, and neutral among the modalities of static and dynamic facial expression, prosody, verbal content, and all modalities combined. Results revealed that children with AS had more difficulty identifying emotions through static facial expression, dynamic facial expression, and prosody than typically developing children. Results are discussed in relationship to an over-reliance on verbal content as a compensatory strategy in social interactions. Treatment implications for individuals with AS are also discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference Asperger, H. (1944/1991). ‘Autistic psychopathy’ in childhood. In Autism & Asperger Syndrome. Trans by. Frith, U. London: Cambridge University Press. Asperger, H. (1944/1991). ‘Autistic psychopathy’ in childhood. In Autism & Asperger Syndrome. Trans by. Frith, U. London: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Asperger, H. (1979). Problems of infantile autism. Communication, 13, 45–52. Asperger, H. (1979). Problems of infantile autism. Communication, 13, 45–52.
go back to reference Attwood, T. (2000). Strategies for improving the social integration of children with Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 4, 85–100. CrossRef Attwood, T. (2000). Strategies for improving the social integration of children with Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 4, 85–100. CrossRef
go back to reference Attwood, T. (1998). Asperger’s Syndrome: A guide for parents and professionals. London: Jessica Kingsley. Attwood, T. (1998). Asperger’s Syndrome: A guide for parents and professionals. London: Jessica Kingsley.
go back to reference Attwood, T. (2001). Social Skills for children and adults with Asperger’s- High-functioning Autism. Presentation at Future Horizons Autism/Asperger Conference, Denver, CO. Attwood, T. (2001). Social Skills for children and adults with Asperger’s- High-functioning Autism. Presentation at Future Horizons Autism/Asperger Conference, Denver, CO.
go back to reference Barnett, M. A. (1987). Empathy and related responses in children. In N. Eisenberg, & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 146–162). Cambridge: Cambridge University. Barnett, M. A. (1987). Empathy and related responses in children. In N. Eisenberg, & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 146–162). Cambridge: Cambridge University.
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S. (1991). Do people with Autism understand what causes emotion? Child Development, 62, 385–395. PubMedCrossRef Baron-Cohen, S. (1991). Do people with Autism understand what causes emotion? Child Development, 62, 385–395. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., O’ Riordan, M., Stone, V., Jones, R., & Plaisted, K. (1999). Recognition of Faux Pas by Normally Developing Children and Children with Asperger’s Syndrome or High-functioning Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 407–418. PubMedCrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., O’ Riordan, M., Stone, V., Jones, R., & Plaisted, K. (1999). Recognition of Faux Pas by Normally Developing Children and Children with Asperger’s Syndrome or High-functioning Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 407–418. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bauer, S. (2000). Asperger Syndrome. [On-line]. Available Internet: http://​www.​asperger.​org/​asperger/​asperger_​main.​html.​ Bauer, S. (2000). Asperger Syndrome. [On-line]. Available Internet: http://​www.​asperger.​org/​asperger/​asperger_​main.​html.​
go back to reference Braaten, E. B. (1999). Self-regulation of affect in ADHD and non-ADHD boys. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University. Braaten, E. B. (1999). Self-regulation of affect in ADHD and non-ADHD boys. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University.
go back to reference Braverman, M., Fein, D., Lucci, D., & Waterhouse, L. (1989). Affect Comprehension in children with pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 301–316. PubMedCrossRef Braverman, M., Fein, D., Lucci, D., & Waterhouse, L. (1989). Affect Comprehension in children with pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 301–316. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bullock, M., & Russell, J. A. (1986). Concepts of emotion in developmental psychology. In C. E. Izard, & P. B. Read (Eds.), Measuring emotions in infants and children (Vol. 2, pp. 75–89). New York: Cambridge University Press. Bullock, M., & Russell, J. A. (1986). Concepts of emotion in developmental psychology. In C. E. Izard, & P. B. Read (Eds.), Measuring emotions in infants and children (Vol. 2, pp. 75–89). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Camras, L. A. (1986). Judgments of emotion from facial expression and situational context. In C. E. Izard, & P. B. Read (Eds.), Measuring emotions in infants and children (Vol. 2, pp. 75–89). New York: Cambridge University Press. Camras, L. A. (1986). Judgments of emotion from facial expression and situational context. In C. E. Izard, & P. B. Read (Eds.), Measuring emotions in infants and children (Vol. 2, pp. 75–89). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Camras, L. A & Allison, K. (1985). Children’s understanding of emotional facial expressions and verbal labels. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 9, 84–94. CrossRef Camras, L. A & Allison, K. (1985). Children’s understanding of emotional facial expressions and verbal labels. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 9, 84–94. CrossRef
go back to reference Capps, L., Kasari, C., Yirmiya, N.,& Sigman, M. (1993). Parental perception of emotional expressiveness in children with Autism. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 475–484. PubMedCrossRef Capps, L., Kasari, C., Yirmiya, N.,& Sigman, M. (1993). Parental perception of emotional expressiveness in children with Autism. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 475–484. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Casey, R. J. (1993). Children’s emotional experience: relations among expression, self-report, and understanding. Developmental Psychology, 29, 119–129. CrossRef Casey, R. J. (1993). Children’s emotional experience: relations among expression, self-report, and understanding. Developmental Psychology, 29, 119–129. CrossRef
go back to reference Celani, G., Battacchi, M. W. & Arcidiacono, L. (1999). The understanding of the emotional meaning of facial expressions in people with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 57–67. PubMedCrossRef Celani, G., Battacchi, M. W. & Arcidiacono, L. (1999). The understanding of the emotional meaning of facial expressions in people with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 57–67. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum.
go back to reference Custrini, R. J., Feldman, R. S. (1989). Children’s social competence and nonverbal encoding and decoding of emotions. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18, 336–342. CrossRef Custrini, R. J., Feldman, R. S. (1989). Children’s social competence and nonverbal encoding and decoding of emotions. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18, 336–342. CrossRef
go back to reference Davies, S., Bishop, D., Manstead, A. S. R., & Tantam, D. (1994). Face perception in children with Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 5, 1033–1057. CrossRef Davies, S., Bishop, D., Manstead, A. S. R., & Tantam, D. (1994). Face perception in children with Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 5, 1033–1057. CrossRef
go back to reference Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1981). Peabody picture vocabulary test-revised. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service. Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1981). Peabody picture vocabulary test-revised. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
go back to reference Ekman, P. (1984). Expression and the nature of emotion. In K. Scherer, & P. Ekman (Eds.), Approaches to emotion (pp. 319–343). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Ekman, P. (1984). Expression and the nature of emotion. In K. Scherer, & P. Ekman (Eds.), Approaches to emotion (pp. 319–343). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Egan, G. J. (1989). Assessment of emotional processing in right and left hemisphere stroke patients: A validation study of the Perception of Emotion Test. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Georgia State University. Egan, G. J. (1989). Assessment of emotional processing in right and left hemisphere stroke patients: A validation study of the Perception of Emotion Test. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Georgia State University.
go back to reference Egan, G. J., Brown, R. T., Goonan, L., Goonan, B. T., & Celano M. (1998). The development of decoding of emotions in children with externalizing behavioral disturbances and their normally developing peers. Archives of Child Neurology, 13, 383–396. CrossRef Egan, G. J., Brown, R. T., Goonan, L., Goonan, B. T., & Celano M. (1998). The development of decoding of emotions in children with externalizing behavioral disturbances and their normally developing peers. Archives of Child Neurology, 13, 383–396. CrossRef
go back to reference Eisenberg, N., & Strayer, J. (1987). Critical issues in the study of empathy. In N. Eisenberg, & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 3–16). Cambridge: Cambridge University. Eisenberg, N., & Strayer, J. (1987). Critical issues in the study of empathy. In N. Eisenberg, & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 3–16). Cambridge: Cambridge University.
go back to reference Ene, M. (1999). High-functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome? A comparison of emotion perception abilities and neurocognitive functioning (Doctoral dissertation, California Professional School of Psychology, 1999). Dissertation Abstracts International, 60 (4-B), 1849. Ene, M. (1999). High-functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome? A comparison of emotion perception abilities and neurocognitive functioning (Doctoral dissertation, California Professional School of Psychology, 1999). Dissertation Abstracts International, 60 (4-B), 1849.
go back to reference Frith, U. (1991). Asperger and his syndrome. In Autism & Asperger Syndrome. London: Cambridge University Press. Frith, U. (1991). Asperger and his syndrome. In Autism & Asperger Syndrome. London: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Goldstein, S., & Schwebach, A. J. (2002). Does ADHD Occur with Pervasive Developmental Disorder? The ADHD Report, 10, 1–4. Goldstein, S., & Schwebach, A. J. (2002). Does ADHD Occur with Pervasive Developmental Disorder? The ADHD Report, 10, 1–4.
go back to reference Grossman, J. B., Klin, A., Carter, A. S., & Volkmar, F. R. (2000). Verbal bias in recognition of facial emotions in children with Asperger’s Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology, and Psychiatry, 41, 369–379. CrossRef Grossman, J. B., Klin, A., Carter, A. S., & Volkmar, F. R. (2000). Verbal bias in recognition of facial emotions in children with Asperger’s Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology, and Psychiatry, 41, 369–379. CrossRef
go back to reference Izard, C. E., Dougherty, F. E., Bloxton, B. M., & Kotsch, W. E. (1974). The differential emotions scale: A method of measuring the subjective experience of discrete emotions. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE. Izard, C. E., Dougherty, F. E., Bloxton, B. M., & Kotsch, W. E. (1974). The differential emotions scale: A method of measuring the subjective experience of discrete emotions. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
go back to reference Kim, J. A., Szatmari, P., Bryson, S. E., Streiner, D. L., & Wilson, F. J. (2000). The prevalence of mood problems among children with Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 4, 117–132. CrossRef Kim, J. A., Szatmari, P., Bryson, S. E., Streiner, D. L., & Wilson, F. J. (2000). The prevalence of mood problems among children with Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 4, 117–132. CrossRef
go back to reference Kugler, B. (1998). The differentiation between Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 2, 11–32. Kugler, B. (1998). The differentiation between Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 2, 11–32.
go back to reference Lenti, C., Lenti-Boero, D., & Giacobbe, A. (1999). Decoding of Emotional Expressions in Children and Adolescents. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 89, 808–814. PubMedCrossRef Lenti, C., Lenti-Boero, D., & Giacobbe, A. (1999). Decoding of Emotional Expressions in Children and Adolescents. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 89, 808–814. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McCown, W., Johnson, J., Silverman, N., & Austin, S. (1988). Social interest and recognition of facial affect of emotion. Individual Psychology, 44, 41–48. McCown, W., Johnson, J., Silverman, N., & Austin, S. (1988). Social interest and recognition of facial affect of emotion. Individual Psychology, 44, 41–48.
go back to reference Mesibov, G. B., Shea, V., Adams, L. W. (2001). Understanding Asperger Syndrome and high-functioning autism. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum. Mesibov, G. B., Shea, V., Adams, L. W. (2001). Understanding Asperger Syndrome and high-functioning autism. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.
go back to reference Murphy, K. R., & Myors, B. (1998). Statistical power analysis: A simple guide and general model for traditional and modern hypothesis tests. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Murphy, K. R., & Myors, B. (1998). Statistical power analysis: A simple guide and general model for traditional and modern hypothesis tests. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Myles, B. S., & Simpson, R. L. (1998). Asperger Syndrome: a guide for educators and parents. Austin, TX: Pro-ed, An International Publisher. Myles, B. S., & Simpson, R. L. (1998). Asperger Syndrome: a guide for educators and parents. Austin, TX: Pro-ed, An International Publisher.
go back to reference Phillippot, P., & Feldman, R. S. (1990). Age and social competence in preschooler’s decoding of facial expression. British Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 43–54. Phillippot, P., & Feldman, R. S. (1990). Age and social competence in preschooler’s decoding of facial expression. British Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 43–54.
go back to reference Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (1992). Behavioral Assessment Scale for Children: Manual. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service. Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (1992). Behavioral Assessment Scale for Children: Manual. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
go back to reference Roberts, W., & Strayer J. (1996). Empathy, emotional expressiveness, and prosocial behavior. Child Development, 67, 449–470. CrossRef Roberts, W., & Strayer J. (1996). Empathy, emotional expressiveness, and prosocial behavior. Child Development, 67, 449–470. CrossRef
go back to reference Sabatino, D. A., Vance, H. B., Fuller, G. (2001). Pervasive developmental disorders In H. B. Vance, & A. Pumeriega (Eds.). Clinical assessment of child and adolescent behavior (pp. 188–230). New York: John Wiley & Sons. Sabatino, D. A., Vance, H. B., Fuller, G. (2001). Pervasive developmental disorders In H. B. Vance, & A. Pumeriega (Eds.). Clinical assessment of child and adolescent behavior (pp. 188–230). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference Serra, M., Minderaa, R. B., van Geert, P. L. C., & Jackson, A. E. (1999). Social-cognitive abilities in children with lesser variants of Autism: Skill deficits or failure to apply skills? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 8, 301–311. CrossRef Serra, M., Minderaa, R. B., van Geert, P. L. C., & Jackson, A. E. (1999). Social-cognitive abilities in children with lesser variants of Autism: Skill deficits or failure to apply skills? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 8, 301–311. CrossRef
go back to reference Strayer, J. (1987a). Affective and cognitive perspectives on empathy. In N. Eisenberg & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 218–244). Cambridge: Cambridge University. Strayer, J. (1987a). Affective and cognitive perspectives on empathy. In N. Eisenberg & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 218–244). Cambridge: Cambridge University.
go back to reference Strayer, J. (1987b). Picture-story indices of empathy. In: N. Eisenberg & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 351–355). Cambridge: Cambridge University. Strayer, J. (1987b). Picture-story indices of empathy. In: N. Eisenberg & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 351–355). Cambridge: Cambridge University.
go back to reference Strayer, J., Roberts, W. (1997). Facial and verbal measures of children’s emotions and empathy. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 20, 627–649. CrossRef Strayer, J., Roberts, W. (1997). Facial and verbal measures of children’s emotions and empathy. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 20, 627–649. CrossRef
go back to reference Szatmari, P. (2000). Perspectives on classification of Asperger Syndrome. In Asperger’s Syndrome. New York: The Guilford Press. Szatmari, P. (2000). Perspectives on classification of Asperger Syndrome. In Asperger’s Syndrome. New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Tantam, D. (2000). Psychological disorder in adolescents and adults with Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 4, 47–62. CrossRef Tantam, D. (2000). Psychological disorder in adolescents and adults with Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 4, 47–62. CrossRef
go back to reference Tantam, D., Holmes, D., & Cordess, C. (1993). Nonverbal expression in Autism of Asperger type. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23, 111–133. PubMedCrossRef Tantam, D., Holmes, D., & Cordess, C. (1993). Nonverbal expression in Autism of Asperger type. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23, 111–133. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Thompson, R. A. (1987). Empathy and emotional understanding: the early development of empathy. In N. Eisenberg, & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 119–145). Cambridge: Cambridge University. Thompson, R. A. (1987). Empathy and emotional understanding: the early development of empathy. In N. Eisenberg, & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 119–145). Cambridge: Cambridge University.
go back to reference Volkmar, F. R., & Klin, A. (2000). Diagnostic issues in Asperger’s Syndrome. In A. Klin, & F. R. Volkmar (Eds.), Asperger Syndrome (pp. 25–71). New York: Guilford. Volkmar, F. R., & Klin, A. (2000). Diagnostic issues in Asperger’s Syndrome. In A. Klin, & F. R. Volkmar (Eds.), Asperger Syndrome (pp. 25–71). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Wing, L. (1981). Asperger’s Syndrome: A clinical account. Psychological Medicine, 11, 115–129. PubMedCrossRef Wing, L. (1981). Asperger’s Syndrome: A clinical account. Psychological Medicine, 11, 115–129. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wing, L. (1991). The relationship between Asperger’s Syndrome and Kanner’s autism. In Autism and Asperger Syndrome (pp. 93–121). London: Cambridge University Press. Wing, L. (1991). The relationship between Asperger’s Syndrome and Kanner’s autism. In Autism and Asperger Syndrome (pp. 93–121). London: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Wing, L. (2000). Past and future of research on Asperger Syndrome. In Asperger Syndrome. New York: The Guilford Press. Wing, L. (2000). Past and future of research on Asperger Syndrome. In Asperger Syndrome. New York: The Guilford Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
Decoding of Emotion through Facial Expression, Prosody and Verbal Content in Children and Adolescents with Asperger’s Syndrome
Auteurs
Jennifer L. Lindner
Lee A. Rosén
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0105-2