Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
An integration of family systems perspectives with developmental psychopathology provides a framework for examining the complex interplay between family processes and developmental trajectories of child psychopathology over time. In a community sample of 98 families, we investigated the evolution of family relationships, across multiple subsystems of the family (i.e., interparental, mother-child, father-child), and the impact of these changing family dynamics on developmental trajectories of child internalizing symptoms over 6 years, from preschool age to pre-adolescence. Parent–child relationship quality was observed during lengthy sessions, consisting of multiple naturalistic, carefully scripted contexts. Each parent completed reports about interparental relationship satisfaction and child internalizing symptoms. To the extent that mothers experienced a steeper decline in interparental relationship satisfaction over time, children developed internalizing symptoms at a faster rate. Further, symptoms escalated at a faster rate to the extent that negative mother-child relationship quality increased (more negative affect expressed by both mother and child, greater maternal power assertion) and positive mother-child relationship quality decreased (less positive affect expressed by both mother and child, less warmth and positive reciprocity). Time-lagged growth curve analyses established temporal precedence such that decline in family relationships preceded escalation in child internalizing symptoms. Results suggest that family dysfunction, across multiple subsystems, represents a driving force in the progression of child internalizing symptoms.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
ESM 1 (DOCX 32.4 kb)10802_2015_8_MOESM1_ESM.docx
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington: Author.
Cole, D. A., Tram, J. M., Martin, J. M., Hoffman, K. B., Ruiz, M. D., Jacquez, F. M., & Maschman, T. L. (2002). Individual differences in the emergence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents: a longitudinal investigation of parent and child reports. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 156–165. doi: 10.1037//0021-843X.111.1.156. CrossRefPubMed
Cox, M. J., Paley, B., & Cox, J. (2003). Understanding families as systems. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12, 193–196. doi:http://www.jstor.org/stable/20182875. CrossRef
Cummings, E. M., Schermerhorn, A. C., Davies, P. T., Goeke-Morey, M. C., & Cummings, J. S. (2006). Interparental discord and child adjustment: prospective investigations of emotional security as an explanatory mechanism. Child Development, 77, 132–152. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00861.x. CrossRefPubMed
Cummings, E. M., George, M., McCoy, K. P., & Davies, P. T. (2012). Interparental conflict in kindergarten and adolescent adjustment: prospective investigation of emotional security as an explanatory mechanism. Child Development, 83, 1703–1715. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01807.x. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Davies, P. T., & Cicchetti, D. (2004). Toward an integration of family systems and developmental psychopathology approaches. Development and Psychopathology, 16, 477–481. doi:10.10170S0954579404004626. PubMed
DeKlyen, M., & Greenberg, M. T. (2008). Attachment and psychopathology in childhood. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: theory, research, and clinical applications (2nd ed., pp. 637–665). New York: Guilford Press.
Emery, R. E. (2014). Families as systems: some thoughts on methods and theory. In S. M. McHale, P. R. Amato, & A. Booth (Eds.), Emerging Methods in Family Research 4, 109–124. Springer.
Gadow, K. D., & Sprafkin, J. (2002). Child symptom inventory-4. Stony Brook: Checkmate Plus.
Goeke-Morey, M. C., Cummings, E. M., Harold, G. T., & Shelton, K. H. (2003). Categories and continua of destructive and constructive marital conflict tactics from the perspective of U.S. and Welsh children. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 327–338. doi: 10.1037/0893-3184.108.40.2067. CrossRefPubMed
Graber, J. (2004). Internalizing problems during adolescence. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 587–626). Hoboken: Wiley.
Guyer, A. E., Choate, V. R., Grimm, K. J., Pine, D. S., & Keenan, K. (2011). Emerging depression is associated with face memory deficits in adolescent girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50, 180–190. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2010.11.008. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Hayden, E. P., & Mash, E. J. (2014). Child psychopathology: A developmental-systems perspective. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (3rd ed., pp. 3–72). New York: Guilford Press.
Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Masek, B., Henin, A., Blakely, L. R., Pollock-Wurman, R. A., McQuade, J., & Biederman, J. (2010). Cognitive behavioral therapy for 4- to 7-year-old children with anxiety disorders: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 498–510. doi: 10.1037/a0019055. CrossRefPubMed
Kennedy, A. C., Bybee, D., Sullivan, C. M., & Greeson, M. (2010). The impact of family and community violence on children’s depression trajectories: examining the interactions of violence exposure, family social support, and gender. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 197–207. doi: 10.1037/a0018787. CrossRefPubMed
Kenny, D. A., Kashy, D. A., & Cook, W. L. (2006). Dyadic data analysis (p. 458). Guilford Press.
Kochanska, G., Aksan, N., Prisco, T. R., & Adams, E. E. (2008). Mother-child and father-child mutually responsive orientation in the first 2 years and children’s outcomes at preschool age: mechanisms of influence. Child Development, 79, 30–44. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01109.x. CrossRefPubMed
Kochanska, G., Kim, S., Boldt, L. J., & Yoon, J. E. (2013). Children’s callous-unemotional traits moderate links between their positive relationships with parents at preschool age and externalizing behavior problems at early school age. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54, 1251–1260. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12084. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Kochanska, G., Brock, R. L., Chen, K., Aksan, N., & Anderson, S. W. (2014). Paths from mother-child and father-child relationships to externalizing behavior problems in children differing in electrodermal reactivity: a longitudinal study from infancy to age 10. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. doi: 10.1007/s10802-014-9938-x.
Lamb, M. E. (2010). The role of the father in child development. Hoboken: Wiley.
Lawrence, E., Barry, R., Langer, A., & Brock, R. L. (2009). Assessment of marital satisfaction. In Encyclopedia of Human Relationships. Sage Publications.
Lee, A., & Hankin, B. L. (2009). Insecure attachment, dysfunctional attitudes, and low self-esteem predicting prospective symptoms of depression and anxiety during adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 219–231. doi: 10.1080/15374410802698396. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Lengua, L. J., Bush, N. R., Long, A. C., Kovacs, E. A., & Trancik, A. M. (2008). Effortful control as a moderator of the relation between contextual risk factors and growth in adjustment problems. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 509–528. doi: 10.1017/S0954579408000254. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Parke, R. D., & Buriel, R. (2006). Socialization in the family: Ethnic and ecological perspectives. In W. Damon, R. Lerner, & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (Social, emotional, and personality development 6th ed., Vol. 3, pp. 95–138). New York: Wiley.
Parke, R. D., Kim, M., Flyr, M., McDowell, D. J., Simpkins, S. D., Killian, C. M., & Wild, M. (2001). Managing marital conflict: Links with children’s peer relationships. In J. Grych & F. Fincham (Eds.), Interparental conflict and child development: Theory, research, and applications (pp. 291–314). New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Raudenbush, S. W., Bryk, A. S., & Congdon, R. (2004). HLM 6 for windows [computer software]. Skokie: Scientific Software International, Inc.
Schermerhorn, A. C., & Cummings, E. M. (2008). Transactional family dynamics: A new framework for conceptualizing family influence processes. In A. C. Schermerhorn & E. M. Cummings (Eds.), Advances in child development and behavior (pp. 187–250). San Diego: Elsevier Academic Press.
Sheeber, L. B., Davis, B., Leve, C., Hops, H., & Tildesley, E. (2007). Adolescents’ relationships with their mothers and fathers: associations with depressive disorder and subdiagnostic symptomatology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 144–154. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.116.1.144. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Silk, J., Shaw, D. S., Prout, J. T., O’Rourke, F., Lane, T. J., & Kovacs, M. (2011). Socialization of emotion and offspring internalizing symptoms in mothers with childhood-onset depression. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 32, 127–136. doi: 10.1016/j.appdev.2011.02.001. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Thompson, R. A. (2006). The development of the person: Social understanding, relationships, conscience, self. In W. Damon, R. M. Lerner, & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (Social, emotional, and personality development, pp. 24–98). Hoboken: Wiley.
- Decline in the Quality of Family Relationships Predicts Escalation in Children’s Internalizing Symptoms from Middle to Late Childhood
Rebecca L. Brock
- Springer US