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Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis 1/2010

01-02-2010

De cognitieve en neurale basis van hallucinaties bij schizofrenie

Auteur: Ans Vercammen

Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis | Uitgave 1/2010

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Samenvatting

Hallucinaties zijn een bijzonder menselijk fenomeen. Beschrijvingen van hallucinatieachtige fenomenen en ‘visioenen’ duiken regelmatig op in de literatuur, maar pas in de negentiende eeuw werden de eerste systematische wetenschappelijke studies gerapporteerd. De Franse psychiater Esquirol heeft hierin een zeer belangrijke rol gespeeld. Hij definieerde hallucinaties als ‘een sterke overtuiging van een sensorische ervaring, terwijl er geen extern object is dat het zintuig op de daarbij passende manier beïnvloedt’. Vandaag accepteert de wetenschappelijke wereld dat hallucinaties ontstaan door het foutief toewijzen van intern gegenereerde informatie aan een externe bron. De precieze onderliggende cognitief-emotionele processen die aan de basis liggen van deze denkfout zijn echter tot op heden niet helemaal duidelijk.
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Metagegevens
Titel
De cognitieve en neurale basis van hallucinaties bij schizofrenie
Auteur
Ans Vercammen
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2010
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Neuropraxis / Uitgave 1/2010
Print ISSN: 1387-5817
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5785
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12474-010-0002-5

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