Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 7/2020

24-04-2019 | Original Article

David and Goliath—size does matter: size modulates feature–response binding of irrelevant features

Auteurs: Tarini Singh, Christian Frings

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 7/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Stimulus and response features are integrated together in episodic traces. A repetition of any of the features results in the retrieval of the entire episodic trace, including the response features. Such S–R bindings have been suggested to account for different priming effects like repetition priming, negative priming and so on. Previous studies on repetition priming have found priming effects to be size invariant. The present study examines whether the size invariance in previous priming studies was due to the absence of size–response binding. In two experiments, size was varied orthogonally to the response, either without varying any other stimulus features (Experiment 1) or while varying another stimulus feature (Experiment 2). A significant size–response binding effect was observed in Experiment 1 but not in Experiment 2. The results suggest that size is involved in feature–response binding and can retrieve the response upon repetition. However, this retrieval is extinguished if another stimulus feature is varied simultaneously. The results are discussed against the background of S–R binding as the mechanism underlying repetition priming.
Voetnoten
1
We use the term ‘information’ loosely to mean any new input from a particular stimulus, irrespective of whether this input is informative or predictive or not.
 
2
Since the features were varied in a blockwise manner, a control analysis with block sequence as a between-subjects factor was run. The four-way interaction of feature × response relation × distractor relation x sequence was marginally significant for the RTs, F(1, 28) = 3.73, p = 0.064, η p 2  = 0.12.
In sequence 1 (shape block first size block second) the three-way interaction of feature × response relation × distractor relation was significant, F(1, 14) = 24.90, p < 0.001, η p 2  = 0.64 (shape DRB effect = 16.80 ms, size DRB effect = -5.10 ms).
For sequence 2 (size block first shape block second), the three-way interaction was not significant, F(1, 14) = 0.10, p < 0.759, η p 2  = 0.01. The size DRB effect (5.62 ms) was not significantly different from zero, t(14) = 0.80, p = 0.440, d = 0.21, while the DRB effect for shape (8.40 ms) was significantly different from zero, t(14) = 2.38, p = 0.032, d = 0.62.
 
3
To quantify the evidence against the binding effect for size, a single sample Bayesian t test was run using JASP (Love et al., 2015). The Bayes factor in favour of the null hypothesis was BF01 = 5.134. According to the rules of thumb (Raftery, 1995), this provides positive evidence for the null hypothesis.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Allenmark, F., Moutsopoulou, K., & Waszak, F. (2015). A new look on S-R associations: How S and R link. Acta Psychologica, 160, 161–169. PubMed Allenmark, F., Moutsopoulou, K., & Waszak, F. (2015). A new look on S-R associations: How S and R link. Acta Psychologica, 160, 161–169. PubMed
go back to reference Biederman, I., & Cooper, E. E. (1992). Size invariance in visual object priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18(1), 121. Biederman, I., & Cooper, E. E. (1992). Size invariance in visual object priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18(1), 121.
go back to reference Chauncey, K., Holcomb, P. J., & Grainger, J. (2008). Effects of stimulus font and size on masked repetition priming: An event-related potentials (ERP) investigation. Language and Cognitive Processes, 23(1), 183–200. PubMedPubMedCentral Chauncey, K., Holcomb, P. J., & Grainger, J. (2008). Effects of stimulus font and size on masked repetition priming: An event-related potentials (ERP) investigation. Language and Cognitive Processes, 23(1), 183–200. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Colzato, L. S., Raffone, A., & Hommel, B. (2006). What do we learn from binding features? Evidence for multilevel feature integration. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32(3), 705–716. PubMed Colzato, L. S., Raffone, A., & Hommel, B. (2006). What do we learn from binding features? Evidence for multilevel feature integration. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32(3), 705–716. PubMed
go back to reference Colzato, L. S., Van Wouwe, N. C., & Hommel, B. (2007). Feature binding and affect: Emotional modulation of visuo-motor integration. Neuropsychologia, 45(2), 440–446. PubMed Colzato, L. S., Van Wouwe, N. C., & Hommel, B. (2007). Feature binding and affect: Emotional modulation of visuo-motor integration. Neuropsychologia, 45(2), 440–446. PubMed
go back to reference Cooper, L. A., Schacter, D. L., Ballesteros, S., & Moore, C. (1992). Priming and recognition of transformed three-dimensional objects: Effects of size and reflection. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18(1), 43. PubMed Cooper, L. A., Schacter, D. L., Ballesteros, S., & Moore, C. (1992). Priming and recognition of transformed three-dimensional objects: Effects of size and reflection. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18(1), 43. PubMed
go back to reference de Fockert, J. W., Rees, G., Frith, C. D., & Lavie, N. (2001). The role of working memory in visual selective attention. Science, 291(5509), 1803–1806. PubMed de Fockert, J. W., Rees, G., Frith, C. D., & Lavie, N. (2001). The role of working memory in visual selective attention. Science, 291(5509), 1803–1806. PubMed
go back to reference Denkinger, B., & Koutstaal, W. (2009). Perceive-decide-act, perceive-decide-act: How abstract is repetition-related decision learning? Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(3), 742–756. PubMed Denkinger, B., & Koutstaal, W. (2009). Perceive-decide-act, perceive-decide-act: How abstract is repetition-related decision learning? Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(3), 742–756. PubMed
go back to reference Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 175–191. PubMed Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 175–191. PubMed
go back to reference Fiser, J., & Biederman, I. (1995). Size invariance in visual object priming of gray-scale images. Perception, 24(7), 741–748. PubMed Fiser, J., & Biederman, I. (1995). Size invariance in visual object priming of gray-scale images. Perception, 24(7), 741–748. PubMed
go back to reference Frings, C. (2011). On the decay of distractor-response episodes. Experimental Psychology, 58, 125–131. PubMed Frings, C. (2011). On the decay of distractor-response episodes. Experimental Psychology, 58, 125–131. PubMed
go back to reference Frings, C., Koch, I., Rothermund, K., Dignath, D., Giesen, C., Hommel, B., Kiesel, A., Kunde, W., Mayr, S., Moeller, B., Möller, M., Pfister, R. & Philipp, A. (2018). Merkmalsintegration und Abruf als wichtige Prozesse der Handlungssteuerung—eine Paradigmen-übergreifende Perspektive. Psychologische Rundschau. Frings, C., Koch, I., Rothermund, K., Dignath, D., Giesen, C., Hommel, B., Kiesel, A., Kunde, W., Mayr, S., Moeller, B., Möller, M., Pfister, R. & Philipp, A. (2018). Merkmalsintegration und Abruf als wichtige Prozesse der Handlungssteuerung—eine Paradigmen-übergreifende Perspektive. Psychologische Rundschau.
go back to reference Frings, C., Merz, S., & Hommel, B. (2019). The impact of stimulus uncertainty on attentional control. Cognition, 183, 208–212. PubMed Frings, C., Merz, S., & Hommel, B. (2019). The impact of stimulus uncertainty on attentional control. Cognition, 183, 208–212. PubMed
go back to reference Frings, C., & Moeller, B. (2010). Binding targets’ responses to distractors’ locations: Distractor response bindings in a location-priming task. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72(8), 2176–2183. Frings, C., & Moeller, B. (2010). Binding targets’ responses to distractors’ locations: Distractor response bindings in a location-priming task. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72(8), 2176–2183.
go back to reference Frings, C., Moeller, B., & Rothermund, K. (2013). Retrieval of event files can be conceptually mediated. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 75(4), 700–709. Frings, C., Moeller, B., & Rothermund, K. (2013). Retrieval of event files can be conceptually mediated. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 75(4), 700–709.
go back to reference Frings, C., & Rothermund, K. (2011). To Be or Not To Be … Included in an event file: Integration and retrieval of distractors in stimulus-response episodes is influenced by perceptual grouping. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37(5), 1209–1227. PubMed Frings, C., & Rothermund, K. (2011). To Be or Not To Be … Included in an event file: Integration and retrieval of distractors in stimulus-response episodes is influenced by perceptual grouping. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37(5), 1209–1227. PubMed
go back to reference Frings, C., Rothermund, K., & Wentura, D. (2007). Distractor repetitions retrieve previous responses to targets. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60(10), 1367–1377. PubMed Frings, C., Rothermund, K., & Wentura, D. (2007). Distractor repetitions retrieve previous responses to targets. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60(10), 1367–1377. PubMed
go back to reference Furmanski, C. S., & Engel, S. A. (2000). Perceptual learning in object recognition: Object specificity and size invariance. Vision Research, 40(5), 473–484. PubMed Furmanski, C. S., & Engel, S. A. (2000). Perceptual learning in object recognition: Object specificity and size invariance. Vision Research, 40(5), 473–484. PubMed
go back to reference Grill-Spector, K., Kushnir, T., Edelman, S., Avidan, G., Itzchak, Y., & Malach, R. (1999). Differential processing of objects under various viewing conditions in the human lateral occipital complex. Neuron, 24(1), 187–203. PubMed Grill-Spector, K., Kushnir, T., Edelman, S., Avidan, G., Itzchak, Y., & Malach, R. (1999). Differential processing of objects under various viewing conditions in the human lateral occipital complex. Neuron, 24(1), 187–203. PubMed
go back to reference Henson, R. N., Eckstein, D., Waszak, F., Frings, C., & Horner, A. J. (2014). Stimulus– response bindings in priming. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18(7), 376–384. PubMedPubMedCentral Henson, R. N., Eckstein, D., Waszak, F., Frings, C., & Horner, A. J. (2014). Stimulus– response bindings in priming. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18(7), 376–384. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Hommel, B. (1998). Event files: Evidence for automatic integration of stimulus-response episodes. Visual Cognition, 5(1–2), 183–216. Hommel, B. (1998). Event files: Evidence for automatic integration of stimulus-response episodes. Visual Cognition, 5(1–2), 183–216.
go back to reference Hommel, B. (2004). Event files: Feature binding in and across perception and action. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8(11), 494–500. PubMed Hommel, B. (2004). Event files: Feature binding in and across perception and action. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8(11), 494–500. PubMed
go back to reference Hommel, B., & Colzato, L. S. (2009). When an object is more than a binding of its features: Evidence for two mechanisms of visual feature integration. Visual Cognition, 17(1–2), 120–140. Hommel, B., & Colzato, L. S. (2009). When an object is more than a binding of its features: Evidence for two mechanisms of visual feature integration. Visual Cognition, 17(1–2), 120–140.
go back to reference Hommel, B., Müsseler, J., Aschersleben, G., & Prinz, W. (2001). Codes and their vicissitudes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(05), 910–926. Hommel, B., Müsseler, J., Aschersleben, G., & Prinz, W. (2001). Codes and their vicissitudes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(05), 910–926.
go back to reference Horner, A. J., & Henson, R. N. (2009). Bindings between stimuli and multiple response codes dominate long-lag repetition priming in speeded classification tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(3), 757–779. PubMed Horner, A. J., & Henson, R. N. (2009). Bindings between stimuli and multiple response codes dominate long-lag repetition priming in speeded classification tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(3), 757–779. PubMed
go back to reference Horner, A. J., & Henson, R. N. (2011). Stimulus–response bindings code both abstract and specific representations of stimuli: Evidence from a classification priming design that reverses multiple levels of response representation. Memory & Cognition, 39(8), 1457–1471. Horner, A. J., & Henson, R. N. (2011). Stimulus–response bindings code both abstract and specific representations of stimuli: Evidence from a classification priming design that reverses multiple levels of response representation. Memory & Cognition, 39(8), 1457–1471.
go back to reference Logan, G. D. (1988). Toward an instance theory of automatization. Psychological Review, 95(4), 492. Logan, G. D. (1988). Toward an instance theory of automatization. Psychological Review, 95(4), 492.
go back to reference Logan, G. D. (1990). Repetition priming and automaticity: Common underlying mechanisms? Cognitive Psychology, 22(1), 1–35. Logan, G. D. (1990). Repetition priming and automaticity: Common underlying mechanisms? Cognitive Psychology, 22(1), 1–35.
go back to reference Love, J., Selker, R., Marsman, M., Jamil, T., Dropmann, D., Verhagen, A. J., & Wagenmakers, E. J. (2015). JASP (Version 0.7) [computer software]. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Jasp project. Love, J., Selker, R., Marsman, M., Jamil, T., Dropmann, D., Verhagen, A. J., & Wagenmakers, E. J. (2015). JASP (Version 0.7) [computer software]. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Jasp project.
go back to reference Moeller, B., & Frings, C. (2014). Long term response-stimulus associations can influence distractor-response bindings. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 10, 68–80. PubMedPubMedCentral Moeller, B., & Frings, C. (2014). Long term response-stimulus associations can influence distractor-response bindings. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 10, 68–80. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Moeller, B., & Frings, C. (2017). Overlearned responses hinder S-R binding. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43, 1–5. PubMed Moeller, B., & Frings, C. (2017). Overlearned responses hinder S-R binding. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43, 1–5. PubMed
go back to reference Moeller, B., Frings, C., & Pfister, R. (2016). The structure of distractor-response bindings: Conditions for configural and elemental integration. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42(4), 464–479. PubMed Moeller, B., Frings, C., & Pfister, R. (2016). The structure of distractor-response bindings: Conditions for configural and elemental integration. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42(4), 464–479. PubMed
go back to reference Moutsopoulou, K., Yang, Q., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2015). Stimulus–classification and stimulus–action associations: Effects of repetition learning and durability. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68(9), 1744–1757. PubMed Moutsopoulou, K., Yang, Q., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2015). Stimulus–classification and stimulus–action associations: Effects of repetition learning and durability. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68(9), 1744–1757. PubMed
go back to reference Nothdurft, H. C. (1992). Feature analysis and the role of similarity in preattentive vision. Perception & Psychophysics, 52(4), 355–375. PubMed Nothdurft, H. C. (1992). Feature analysis and the role of similarity in preattentive vision. Perception & Psychophysics, 52(4), 355–375. PubMed
go back to reference Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayesian model selection in social research. Sociological methodology, 111-163. Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayesian model selection in social research. Sociological methodology, 111-163.
go back to reference Rothermund, K., Wentura, D., & De Houwer, J. (2005). Retrieval of incidental stimulusresponse associations as a source of negative priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31(3), 482–495. PubMed Rothermund, K., Wentura, D., & De Houwer, J. (2005). Retrieval of incidental stimulusresponse associations as a source of negative priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31(3), 482–495. PubMed
go back to reference Schacter, D. L., Cooper, L. A., & Treadwell, J. (1993). Preserved priming of novel objects across size transformation in amnesic patients. Psychological Science, 4(5), 331–335. Schacter, D. L., Cooper, L. A., & Treadwell, J. (1993). Preserved priming of novel objects across size transformation in amnesic patients. Psychological Science, 4(5), 331–335.
go back to reference Singh, T., & Frings, C. (2018). The influence of visual noise in the binding of irrelevant features to responses. Visual Cognition, 26(10), 780–791. Singh, T., & Frings, C. (2018). The influence of visual noise in the binding of irrelevant features to responses. Visual Cognition, 26(10), 780–791.
go back to reference Singh, T., Moeller, B., Koch, I., & Frings, C. (2018). May I have your attention please: Binding of attended but response-irrelevant features. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 1–14. Singh, T., Moeller, B., Koch, I., & Frings, C. (2018). May I have your attention please: Binding of attended but response-irrelevant features. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 1–14.
go back to reference Spruyt, A., De Houwer, J., & Hermans, D. (2009). Modulation of automatic semantic priming by feature-specific attention allocation. Journal of Memory and Language, 61(1), 37–54. Spruyt, A., De Houwer, J., & Hermans, D. (2009). Modulation of automatic semantic priming by feature-specific attention allocation. Journal of Memory and Language, 61(1), 37–54.
go back to reference Srinivas, K. (1996). Size and reflection effects in priming: A test of transfer-appropriate processing. Memory & Cognition, 24(4), 441–452. Srinivas, K. (1996). Size and reflection effects in priming: A test of transfer-appropriate processing. Memory & Cognition, 24(4), 441–452.
go back to reference Tukey, J. W. (1977). Exploratory data analysis. Reading: Addison-Wesley. Tukey, J. W. (1977). Exploratory data analysis. Reading: Addison-Wesley.
go back to reference Vuilleumier, P., Henson, R. N., Driver, J., & Dolan, R. J. (2002). Multiple levels of visual object constancy revealed by event-related fMRI of repetition priming. Nature Neuroscience, 5(5), 491. PubMed Vuilleumier, P., Henson, R. N., Driver, J., & Dolan, R. J. (2002). Multiple levels of visual object constancy revealed by event-related fMRI of repetition priming. Nature Neuroscience, 5(5), 491. PubMed
go back to reference Waszak, F., Hommel, B., & Allport, A. (2003). Task-switching and long-term priming: Role of episodic stimulus–task bindings in task-shift costs. Cognitive Psychology, 46(4), 361–413. PubMed Waszak, F., Hommel, B., & Allport, A. (2003). Task-switching and long-term priming: Role of episodic stimulus–task bindings in task-shift costs. Cognitive Psychology, 46(4), 361–413. PubMed
go back to reference Wolfe, J. M. (2007). Guided search 4.0: Current progress with a model of visual search. In W. Gray (Ed.), Integrated models of cognitive systems (pp. 99–119). New York: Oxford University Press. Wolfe, J. M. (2007). Guided search 4.0: Current progress with a model of visual search. In W. Gray (Ed.), Integrated models of cognitive systems (pp. 99–119). New York: Oxford University Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
David and Goliath—size does matter: size modulates feature–response binding of irrelevant features
Auteurs
Tarini Singh
Christian Frings
Publicatiedatum
24-04-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 7/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01188-0