Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Studies of stress consistently have linked individuals’ experiences of stress to maladjustment, but limited attention has been given to cultural stressors commonly experienced by minority individuals. To address this, the current study examined the links between cultural stressors and prospective changes in mental health symptoms in a sample of 710 (49 % female) Mexican American youth. In addition, the moderating role of both family and neighborhood cohesion was examined. In-home interviews were completed with youth, mothers (required) and fathers (optional) to collect data on youth’s experiences of cultural stressors (discrimination and language hassles) and internalizing/externalizing behavior, and mothers’ report of family cohesion and mothers’ and fathers’ report of neighborhood cohesion. Analyses revealed that youth’s experiences of discrimination and language hassles at 5th grade were related positively to increases in internalizing symptoms at 7th grade. Additionally, youths who reported higher levels of language hassles in 5th grade experienced increases in externalizing symptoms across the 2-year span. Both family and neighborhood cohesion emerged as significant moderating factors but their impact was conditional on youth’s gender and nativity. Limitations and future implications are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abramson, L. Y., Alloy, L. C., & Metalsky, G. I. (1998). Hopelessness depression: A theory based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96, 358–372. CrossRef
Agnew, R. (2001). Building on the foundation of general strain theory: Specifying the types of strain most likely to lead to crime and delinquency. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 38, 319–361. CrossRef
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and intepreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Behnke, A. O., Plunkett, S. W., Sands, T., & Bamaca-Colbert, M. Y. (2011). The relationship between Latino adolescents’ perceptions of discrimination and parenting on self-esteem and depressive symptoms. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42, 1179–1197. CrossRef
Benner, A. D., & Graham, S. (2011). Latino adolescents’ experiences of discrimination across the first 2 years of high school: Correlations and influences on educational outcomes. Child Devleopment, 82, 508–519. CrossRef
Brody, G. H., Chen, Y., Murry, V. M., Ge, X., Simons, R. L., Gibbons, F. X., et al. (2006). Perceived discrimination and the adjustment of African American youths: A five year longitudinal analysis with contextual moderation effects. Child Development, 5, 1170–1189. CrossRef
Bryk, A. S., & Raudenbush, S. W. (1992). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2006). Surveillance summaries, June 9. MMWR, 55 (No. SS-5).
Eaton, D. L., Kann, L., Kinchen, S., Ross, J., Hawkins, J., Harris, W. A., et al. (2006). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance-United States 2–5. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 55, 1–108.
Edwards, L. M., & Romero, A. J. (2008). Coping with discrimination among Mexican descent adolescents. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 30, 24–39. CrossRef
Fisher, C. B., Wallace, S. A., & Fenton, R. E. (2000). Discrimination distress during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29, 679–695. CrossRef
Garcia, E. E. (2002). Bilingualism and schooling in the United States. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 2002, 1–92. CrossRef
Garmezy, N. (1991). Resiliency and vulnerability to adverse developmental outcomes associated with poverty. The American Behavioral Scientist, 34, 416–430. CrossRef
Gonzales, N. A., Tein, J. Y., Sandler, I. N., & Friedman, R. J. (2001). On the limits of coping. Journal of Adolescent Research, 16, 372–395. CrossRef
Grant, K. E., Compas, B. E., Stuhlmacher, A. F., Thurm, A. E., McMahon, S. D., & Halpert, J. A. (2003). Stressors and child and adolescent psychopathology: Moving from markers to mechanisms of risk. Psychological Bulletin, 3, 447–466. CrossRef
Hammen, C. (2003). Interpresonal stress and depression in women. Journal of affective disorder, 74, 49–57. CrossRef
Ingram, R. E., Miranda, J., & Segal, Z. V. (1998). Cognitive vulnerabilities to depression. New York: Guildford Press.
Johnston, K. E., & Delgado, M. Y. (2004). Mexican American adolescents’ experiences with ethnic discrimination. Poster presentation to be presented at the Biennial Conference of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Baltimore, MD.
Kaiser Family Foundation. (2002). National survey of Latinos: Summary of findings. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center and Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.
Loeber, R., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1997). Developmental aspects of violence in the home and at school. In D. S. Elliott, K. Williams, & B. Hamburg (Eds.), Schools and violence. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Marín, G., & Marín, B. V. (1991). Research with Hispanic populations. Newbury: Sage.
Olson, D. H., Portner, J., & Bell, R. Q. (1982). FACES II: Family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scales. St. Paul, MN: Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
Orellana, M. F., Dorner, L., & Pulido, L. (2003). Accessing assessts: Immigrants youth’s work as family translaters or “para-phrases”. Social Problems, 50, 504–524. CrossRef
Roosa, M. A., Wolchik, S. A., & Sandler, I. N. (1997). Preventing the negative effects of common stressors: Current status and future directions. In I. N. Sanlder, S. A. Wolchik, (Eds.), Handbook of children’s coping: Linking theory and intervention (pp. 515–533). New York: Plenum Press.
Sampson, R. J., & Groves, W. B. (1989). Community structure and crime: Testing social-disorganization theory. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 774–790. CrossRef
Sampson, R. J., Morenoff, J. D., & Gannon-Rowley, T. (2002). Assessing “neighborhood effects”: Social processes and new directions in research. Annual Review of Sociology, 28, 443–478. CrossRef
Sampson, R. J., Raudenbush, S. W., & Earls, F. E. (1997). Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science, 15, 918–924. CrossRef
Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., Dulcan, M. K., Davies, M., Piacentini, J., Schwab-Stone, M. E., et al. (1996). The NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version 2.3 (DISC-2.3): Description, acceptability, prevalence rates, and performance in the MECA Study. Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders Study. Journal of the American Academy Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 865–877. CrossRef
Smokowski, P. R., & Bacallao, M. L. (2007). Acculturation, internalizing mental health symptoms and self-esteem: Cultural experiences of Latino adolescents in North Carolina. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 37, 272–293. CrossRef
Spears-Brown, C., & Bigler, R. S. (2005). Children’s perceptions of discrimination: A developmental model. Child Development, 76, 553. CrossRef
Suarez-Orozco, C., & Quin, D. B. (2006). Gendered perspectives in psychology: Immigrant origin youth. International Migration Review, 40, 165–198. CrossRef
Thoits, P. A. (1991). On merging identity theory and stress research. Social Psychology Quarterly, 54, 101–112. CrossRef
Umana-Taylor, A. J., Wong, J. J., Gonzales, N. A., & Dumka, L. E. (2012). Ethnic identity and gender as moderators of the association between discrimination and academic adjustment among Mexican-origin adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 35, 773–786.
U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). We, the people: Hispanics in the United States. Census Special reports. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
Vega, W. A., Khoury, E. L., Zimmerman, R. S., Gil, A. G., & Warheit, G. J. (1995). Cultural conflicts and problem behaviors of Latino adolescents in home and school environments. Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 167–179. CrossRef
White, R. M. B., Roosa, M. W., & Zeiders, K. H. (2012). Neighborhood and family intersections: Prospective implications for Mexican American adolescents’ mental health. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(5), 793–804.
- Cultural Stressors and Mental Health Symptoms Among Mexican Americans: A Prospective Study Examining the Impact of the Family and Neighborhood Context
Rajni L. Nair
Rebecca M. B. White
Mark W. Roosa
Katharine H. Zeiders
- Springer US