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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 5/2015

02-06-2015

Cultural beliefs about health professionals and perceived empathy influence continuity of cancer screening following a negative encounter

Auteurs: Jael A. Amador, Patricia M. Flynn, Hector Betancourt

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 5/2015

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Abstract

Negative health care encounters have implications for preventive medical services and continuity of health care. This study examined cultural and interpersonal psychological factors involved in health care interactions that may ameliorate the detrimental effects of negative encounters. A mixed-methods approach was implemented to examine the relations among positive cultural beliefs about health professionals, perceived professional empathy, interpersonal emotions, and continuity of cancer screening among 237 Latin American (Latino) and non-Latino White (Anglo) American women who reported a negative health care encounter. Multi-group structural equation modeling revealed that for Latino and Anglo women, positive cultural beliefs about health professionals in general were associated with higher perceptions of empathy regarding a professional involved in a negative encounter. In addition, for Latino women, perceptions of higher professional empathy and less negative emotions were associated with better continuity of cancer screening. Interventions designed to improve professionals’ empathy skills and diverse patients’ perceptions of professionals could improve patient–professional relations.
Voetnoten
1
The term Latino American (shortened to Latino) refers to individuals or populations of the U.S. who originally came from Latin America or a region of the U.S. that was once part of Latin America (see Betancourt & Fuentes, 2001).
 
2
The term Anglo American (shortened to Anglo) refers to mainstream non-Latino White populations in the U.S. who came originally from the United Kingdom or other European backgrounds, who share the English language and Anglo American cultural heritage (see Betancourt & Fuentes, 2001).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cultural beliefs about health professionals and perceived empathy influence continuity of cancer screening following a negative encounter
Auteurs
Jael A. Amador
Patricia M. Flynn
Hector Betancourt
Publicatiedatum
02-06-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 5/2015
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-015-9646-1

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