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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 4/2016

31-03-2015 | Original Article

Cue-type manipulation dissociates two types of task set inhibition: backward inhibition and competitor rule suppression

Auteurs: Shirley Regev, Nachshon Meiran

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

Backward inhibition (BI) reflects the suppression of a recently abandoned task set to allow for smooth transition to a new task even when the rules do not generate a response conflict. Competitor rule suppression (CRS) reflects the inhibition/suppression of irrelevant task rules when these rules generate a response conflict even if they have not recently been abandoned. We assessed whether BI and CRS are differentially affected by the difficulty in retrieving category-response mappings from memory. Retrieval demands were manipulated via the information provided by the task cues, which either indicated the relevant dimension (dimension cues; “color”) or the relevant dimension with its category-to-key mapping (mapping cues; “red green”, indicating that “red” and “green” go with the left/right responses, respectively). CRS was larger with dimension compared to mapping cues when cue-type varied between groups and was larger after trials involving dimension cues when cue-type varied on a trial-by-trial basis. In contrast, BI was not influenced by cue-type. These results suggest that task switching involve at least two distinct inhibitory processes, with CRS being related to the ease of retrieval of category-response mappings from memory.
Voetnoten
1
Unfortunately, the experimental design in Experiment 2 prevented us from examining the joint influence of the cue-types that were associated with the relevant rule and the competitor rule. Namely, for a relevant rule with mapping cues, a competitor rule that also has mapping cues will always be an adjunct to two congruent rules with dimension cues. By the same token, for a relevant rule with dimension cues, a competitor rule that also has dimension cues implies that the two congruent rules have mapping cues. Therefore, it would not have been possible to distinguish between the roles of the interference from a competitor rule versus the facilitation from the congruent rules in performance.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cue-type manipulation dissociates two types of task set inhibition: backward inhibition and competitor rule suppression
Auteurs
Shirley Regev
Nachshon Meiran
Publicatiedatum
31-03-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-015-0663-z