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26-09-2018 | Original Article

Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations of Temperament and Mental Disorders in Youth

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development
Auteurs:
Mauricio Scopel Hoffmann, Pedro Mario Pan, Gisele Gus Manfro, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, Luis Augusto Rohde, Giovanni Abrahão Salum
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10578-018-0846-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Here we evaluate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between temperament and mental disorders in adolescents. Temperament was assessed in a cohort of 1540 youths by the revised self-report Early Adolescence Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) at baseline and confirmatory factor analyses were used to test the best empirical model. Mental disorders were assessed by parental interview using the Development and Well-Being Behavior Assessment at baseline and at 3-year follow-up. Participants were grouped into Typically Developing Comparisons, Phobias, Distress, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBD). Logistic regression models tested the effects of temperament on incidence and remission of mental disorders. The bifactor model of EATQ-R presented the best fit. Distress, ADHD and DBD have lower levels of effortful control in baseline. Adjusted longitudinal analysis showed that effortful control predicted lower incidence of Phobias (OR 0.74; p = 0.018), distress (OR 0.74; p = 0.014) and DBD (OR 0.68; p = 0.037). Temperament factors did not predicted remission rates.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 41 KB)
10578_2018_846_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 2 (TIF 995 KB)
10578_2018_846_MOESM2_ESM.tif
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