Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2022

09-02-2022

Cross-Cultural Examination of Psychopathy Network in Chinese and U.S. Prisoners

Auteurs: Meng-Cheng Wang, Jiaxin Deng, Yiyun Shou, Martin Sellbom

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Although psychopathic personality has been described as a syndrome comprising three or four distinct personality domains, there is still no firm consensus regarding which traits constitute the core features of psychopathy. The present study conducted a network analysis to examine the network structure of psychopathy as operationalized by the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, and compared the similarities and differences between two samples from different cultural backgrounds. Two prison samples were employed, one from the United States (N = 564) and one from China (N = 3,475). Our findings revealed that items pertaining to the Egocentricity scale were placed centrally in the networks of both samples. Also, most items were clustered closely together in the U.S. network, while in the Chinese network the Callousness items were located further away from the Antisocial and Egocentricity items. Overall, our findings suggest that the conceptualization of psychopathy and sample characteristics do affect the network structure of psychopathy.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
Although the lack of agreement regarding the core feature of psychopathy using network approach in cross-cultural studies, there’re some evidences suggested cross-national consensus on the feature of psychopathy using multinational samples (e.g., Neumann et al., 20122015).
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Bollen, K. A., & Lennox, R. (1991). Conventional wisdom on measurement: A structural equation perspective. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 305–314. CrossRef Bollen, K. A., & Lennox, R. (1991). Conventional wisdom on measurement: A structural equation perspective. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 305–314. CrossRef
go back to reference Borsboom, D., Fried, E. I., Epskamp, S., Waldorp, L. J., van Borkulo, C. D., van der Maas, H. L., & Cramer, A. O. (2017). False alarm? A comprehensive reanalysis of “Evidence that psychopathology symptom networks have limited replicability” by Forbes, Wright, Markon, and Krueger (2017). Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 126, 989–999. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​abn0000306 CrossRefPubMed Borsboom, D., Fried, E. I., Epskamp, S., Waldorp, L. J., van Borkulo, C. D., van der Maas, H. L., & Cramer, A. O. (2017). False alarm? A comprehensive reanalysis of “Evidence that psychopathology symptom networks have limited replicability” by Forbes, Wright, Markon, and Krueger (2017). Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 126, 989–999. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​abn0000306 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bronchain, J., Raynal, P., & Chabrol, H. (2019). The network structure of psychopathic personality traits in a non-institutionalized sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 146, 41–45. CrossRef Bronchain, J., Raynal, P., & Chabrol, H. (2019). The network structure of psychopathic personality traits in a non-institutionalized sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 146, 41–45. CrossRef
go back to reference Chen, G. -M. (2001). Toward transcultural understanding: A harmony theory of Chinese communication. In V. H. Milhouse, M. K. Asante, & P. O. Nwosu (Eds.), Transcultural realities: Interdisciplinary perspectives on cross-cultural relations (pp. 55–70). Sage Publications, Inc. https://​doi.​org/​10.​4135/​9781452229430.​n3 Chen, G. -M. (2001). Toward transcultural understanding: A harmony theory of Chinese communication. In V. H. Milhouse, M. K. Asante, & P. O. Nwosu (Eds.), Transcultural realities: Interdisciplinary perspectives on cross-cultural relations (pp. 55–70). Sage Publications, Inc. https://​doi.​org/​10.​4135/​9781452229430.​n3
go back to reference Cleckley, H. M. (1976). The mask of sanity (5th ed.). Mosby. Cleckley, H. M. (1976). The mask of sanity (5th ed.). Mosby.
go back to reference Cooke, D. J., Michie, C., & Hart, S. D. (2006). Facets of psychopathy: Toward clearer measurement. In C. J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 91–106). Guilford Press. Cooke, D. J., Michie, C., & Hart, S. D. (2006). Facets of psychopathy: Toward clearer measurement. In C. J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 91–106). Guilford Press.
go back to reference Fletcher, C., & Perry, E. L. (2001). Performance appraisal and feedback: A consideration of national culture and a review of contemporary research and future trends. In N. Anderson, D. Ones, H. K. Sinangil, & C. Viswesvaran (Eds.), Handbook of industrial, work, and organizational psychology: Volume 1. Personnel psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Fletcher, C., & Perry, E. L. (2001). Performance appraisal and feedback: A consideration of national culture and a review of contemporary research and future trends. In N. Anderson, D. Ones, H. K. Sinangil, & C. Viswesvaran (Eds.), Handbook of industrial, work, and organizational psychology: Volume 1. Personnel psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Hare, R. D. (2003). The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised PCL-R (2nd ed.). Multi-Health Systems. Hare, R. D. (2003). The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised PCL-R (2nd ed.). Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Klineberg, O. (1938). Emotional expression in Chinese literature. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 33, 517–520. CrossRef Klineberg, O. (1938). Emotional expression in Chinese literature. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 33, 517–520. CrossRef
go back to reference Levenson, M. R. (1992). Rethinking psychopathy. Theory and Psychology, 2, 51–71. CrossRef Levenson, M. R. (1992). Rethinking psychopathy. Theory and Psychology, 2, 51–71. CrossRef
go back to reference Lykken, D. T. (1995). The antisocial personalities. Erlbaum. Lykken, D. T. (1995). The antisocial personalities. Erlbaum.
go back to reference Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill. Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill.
go back to reference Roscino, A., & Pollice, A. (2006). A generalization of the polychoric correlation coefficient. In  Data analysis , classification and the forward search (pp. 135–142). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Roscino, A., & Pollice, A. (2006). A generalization of the polychoric correlation coefficient. In  Data analysis , classification and the forward search (pp. 135–142). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
go back to reference Salekin, R. T., Chen, D. R., Sellbom, M., Lester, W. S., & MacDougall, E. (2014). Examining the factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale: Is the two-factor model the best fitting model? Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 5, 289–304. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​per0000073 CrossRef Salekin, R. T., Chen, D. R., Sellbom, M., Lester, W. S., & MacDougall, E. (2014). Examining the factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale: Is the two-factor model the best fitting model? Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 5, 289–304. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​per0000073 CrossRef
go back to reference Sellbom, M., Ben-Porath, Y. S., Patrick, C. J., Wygant, D. B., Gartland, D. M., & Stafford, K. P. (2012). Development and construct validation of MMPI-2-RF indices of global psychopathy, fearless-dominance, and impulsive-antisociality. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 3, 17–38. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0023888 CrossRef Sellbom, M., Ben-Porath, Y. S., Patrick, C. J., Wygant, D. B., Gartland, D. M., & Stafford, K. P. (2012). Development and construct validation of MMPI-2-RF indices of global psychopathy, fearless-dominance, and impulsive-antisociality. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 3, 17–38. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0023888 CrossRef
go back to reference Verschuere, B., van Ghesel Grothe, S., Waldorp, L., Watts, A. L., Lilienfeld, S. O., Edens, J. F., & Noordhof, A. (2018). What features of psychopathy might be central? A network analysis of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) in three large samples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 127, 51–65. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​abn0000315 CrossRefPubMed Verschuere, B., van Ghesel Grothe, S., Waldorp, L., Watts, A. L., Lilienfeld, S. O., Edens, J. F., & Noordhof, A. (2018). What features of psychopathy might be central? A network analysis of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) in three large samples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 127, 51–65. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​abn0000315 CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Cross-Cultural Examination of Psychopathy Network in Chinese and U.S. Prisoners
Auteurs
Meng-Cheng Wang
Jiaxin Deng
Yiyun Shou
Martin Sellbom
Publicatiedatum
09-02-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-022-09960-0

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2022

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2022 Naar de uitgave