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23-10-2020 | Original Article | Uitgave 3/2021

Cognitive Therapy and Research 3/2021

Couples’ Diminished Social and Financial Capital Exacerbate the Association Between Maladaptive Attributions and Relationship Satisfaction

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 3/2021
Auteurs:
Teresa P. Nguyen, Benjamin R. Karney, David P. Kennedy, Thomas N. Bradbury
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Abstract

Background

Theoretical and clinical perspectives argue that couples’ maladaptive attributions for marital problems lead to marital distress and that these attributions will detract from couples’ relationships regardless of their external circumstances. However, emerging work in cognitive psychology indicates that stress simplifies individuals’ information processing, suggesting that the demands faced by couples may strengthen the link between maladaptive attributions and relationship satisfaction.

Methods

With a sample of 462 ethnically diverse newlywed spouses living with low incomes (231 couples, with > 30% Black and > 50% Latinx), we assessed attributions and relationship satisfaction, along with three hypothesized moderators: couples’ financial strain, perceived financial capital within couples’ social networks, and the proportion of married couples within couples’ social networks.

Results

After replicating the robust association between maladaptive attributions and relationship satisfaction, we demonstrate that the association between maladaptive attributions and satisfaction is stronger to the extent that spouses’ social networks are characterized by fewer financial resources and lower proportions of married couples.

Conclusion

Contextual factors may alter the effects that partners’ cognitions have on relationship satisfaction, suggesting that influences far removed from the dyad itself can affect basic processes arising between partners.

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