Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The financial implications of the increased prevalence of autism, though rarely discussed, will be extremely important to society. We compared the costs associated with 18 years of special education to the costs associated with the implementation of an average of 3 years of Discrete Trial Training as an Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) in an effort to minimize the need for special education. Our results indicate that the state of Texas would save $208,500 per child across eighteen years of education with EIBI. When applied to the conservative estimate of 10,000 children with autism in Texas, the State would save a total of $2.09 billion with EIBI. Implications for taxpayers, policymakers, and treatment are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychological Association Task Force on Psychological Intervention Guidelines (1995). Template for developing guidelines: Interventions for mental disorders and psychological aspects of physical disorders. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Department of Developmental Services (2003). Autism spectrum disorders: Changes in the California caseload: An update: 1999 through 2002. Sacramento, CA: California Health and Human Services Agency.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (2000). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Fenske, E. C., Zalenski, S., Krantz, P. J., & McClannahan, L. E. (1985). Age at intervention and treatment outcome for autistic children in a comprehensive intervention program. Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 5, 49–58. CrossRef
Fighting Autism (2004). Texas public schools autism prevalence report: School years 1992—2003. Retrieved February 23, 2005, from http://www.fightingautism.org/idea/reports/TX-Autism-Statistics-Prevalence-Incidence-Rates.pdf
Freeman, B. J., Rahbar, B., Ritvo, E. R., Bice, T. L., Yokota, A., & Ritvo, R. (1991). The stability of cognitive and behavioral parameters in autism: A twelve-year prospective study. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 30, 479–482.
Jacobson, J. W., Mulick, J. A., & Green, G. (1998). Cost-benefit estimates for early intensive behavioral intervention for young children with autism: General model and single state case. Behavioral Interventions, 13, 201–226. CrossRef
Lotter, V. (1966). Epidemiology of autistic conditions in young children, I: Prevalence. Social Psychiatry, 1, 124–137. CrossRef
Luiselli, J. K., Cannon, B. O., Ellis, J. T., & Sisson, R. W. (2000). Home-based behavioral intervention for young children with autism/pervasive developmental disorder. Autism, 4, 426–438. CrossRef
McEachin, J. J., Smith, T., & Lovaas, O. I. (1993). Long-term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive behavioral treatment. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97, 359–372. PubMed
Sallows, G. O., & Graupner, T. D. (2005). Intensive behavioral treatment for children with autism: Four-year outcome and predictors. American Journal of Retardation, 110, 417–438. CrossRef
United States Government Accountability Office (2005). Special education: Children with autism. Report to the Chairman and Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Human Rights and Wellness, and Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives. Retrieved February 23, 2005, from http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05220.pdf
Warfield, M. E. (1994). A cost-effectiveness analysis of early intervention services in Massachusetts: Implications for policy. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 16, 87–99. CrossRef
- Cost Comparison of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention and Special Education for Children with Autism
Gregory S. Chasson
Gerald E. Harris
Wendy J. Neely
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers