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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 6/2020

10-03-2020

Cortisol and Parenting Predict Pathways to Disinhibited Social Engagement and Social Functioning in Previously Institutionalized Children

Auteurs: Carrie E. DePasquale, Jamie M. Lawler, Kalsea J. Koss, Megan R. Gunnar

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 6/2020

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Abstract

Previously institutionalized children on average show persistent deficits in physiological and behavioral regulation, as well as a lack of normative reticence towards strangers, or disinhibited social engagement (DSE). Post-adoption parenting, specifically a combination of supportive presence and structure/limit-setting, may protect against DSE over time via better adrenocortical functioning. This study examined the impact of adrenocortical activity and post-adoption parenting on DSE across the first two years post-adoption (age at adoption: 16–36 months) and observed kindergarten social outcomes in previously institutionalized children (n = 94) compared to non-adopted children (n = 52). Path analyses indicated a developmental cascade from institutional care (operationalized as a dichotomous group variable, age at adoption, and months of institutionalization) to blunted adrenocortical activity, increased DSE, and lower kindergarten social competence. Consistent with a permissive parenting style, higher parental support was associated with increased DSE, but only when not accompanied by effective structure/limit-setting. Further, parental structure reduced the association between blunted adrenocortical activity and DSE behaviors.
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Voetnoten
1
Group differences cannot be assessed for caregiver-reported DSE symptoms because this measure was not collected with the non-adopted group, given that clinical levels of DSE symptoms were expected to be non-existent in these children (Garvin et al. 2012)
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cortisol and Parenting Predict Pathways to Disinhibited Social Engagement and Social Functioning in Previously Institutionalized Children
Auteurs
Carrie E. DePasquale
Jamie M. Lawler
Kalsea J. Koss
Megan R. Gunnar
Publicatiedatum
10-03-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 6/2020
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-020-00633-8