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01-04-2014 | Review Article | Uitgave 4/2014 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 4/2014

Coronary artery-bronchial artery fistulas: report of two Dutch cases with a review of the literature

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 4/2014
Auteurs:
S. A. M. Said, R. M. Oortman, J.-H. Hofstra, P. M. J. Verhorst, R. H. J. A. Slart, M. W. de Haan, F. Eerens, H. J. G. M. Crijns

Abstract

Background

Coronary bronchial artery fistulas (CBFs) are rare anomalies, which may be isolated or associated with other disorders.

Materials and methods

Two adult patients with CBFs are described and a PubMed search was performed using the keywords “coronary bronchial artery fistulas” in the period from 2008 to 2013.

Results

Twenty-seven reviewed subjects resulting in a total of 31 fistulas were collected. Asymptomatic presentation was reported in 5 subjects (19 %), chest pain (n = 17) was frequently present followed by haemoptysis (n = 7) and dyspnoea (n = 5). Concomitant disorders were bronchiectasis (44 %), diabetes (33 %) and hypertension (28 %). Multimodality and single-modality diagnostic strategies were applied in 56 % and 44 %, respectively. The origin of the CBFs was the left circumflex artery in 61 %, the right coronary artery in 36 % and the left anterior descending artery in 3 %. Management was conservative (22 %), surgical ligation (11 %), percutaneous transcatheter embolisation (30 %), awaiting lung transplantation (7 %) or not reported (30 %).

Conclusions

CBFs may remain clinically silent, or present with chest pain or haemoptysis. CBFs are commonly associated with bronchiectasis and usually require a multimodality approach to be diagnosed. Several treatment strategies are available. This report presents two adult cases with CBFs and a review of the literature.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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