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01-03-2015 | Original Paper | Uitgave 3/2015

Journal of Child and Family Studies 3/2015

Coping Strategies of Children and Adolescents with Clinically Diagnosed Short Stature

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 3/2015
Auteurs:
Julia Quitmann, Anja Rohenkohl, Anja Specht, Corinna Petersen-Ewert, Zita Schillmöller, Monika Bullinger, the QoLISSY Study Group
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Julia Quitmann and Anja Rohenkohl are joint first authorship.

Abstract

This paper focusses on coping strategies employed by children and adolescents with diagnosed short stature, assesses the impact of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics on coping, examines the relationship between coping and health related quality of life (QoL) and investigates the role of coping strategies in mediating the relationship between height and QoL. Coping with a disease (CODI) and quality of life in short stature youth (QoLISSY–QoL) questionnaires were completed by 137 short-statured children and adolescents between 8 and 18 years, participating in the crosssectional European QoLISSY study. Clinical and socio-demographic data were collected to examine differences in coping via variance and regression analyses, associations between CODI and QoLISSY were inspected using correlation and mediation analyses. Most frequently employed coping strategies in the CODI were “Acceptance” and “Wishful Thinking”, with “Emotional Reaction” used least. Significant effects of age, diagnosis and treatment status on coping strategies were detected. CODI scales “Acceptance” and “Distance” were associated with higher QoLISSY–QoL scores, “Emotional Reaction” and “Wishful Thinking” with lower scores. Coping strategies predicted 60 % of the QoLISSY–QoL variance. Relationships between height deviation and QoLISSY–QoL were mediated by the coping strategies of “Wishful Thinking” and “Distance”. Findings suggest that coping efforts vary with socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, that protective coping strategies in terms of QoL can be identified and that coping mediates the relationship between short stature and QoL. Future longitudinal research should focus on the adaptive function of coping in relation to QoL over time.

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