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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2019

19-04-2019 | Original Paper

Coping and Observed Emotions in Children of Parents with a History of Depression

Auteurs: Meredith A. Gruhn, Alexandra H. Bettis, Lexa K. Murphy, Jennifer P. Dunbar, Michele M. Reising, Rex Forehand, Bruce E. Compas

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 6/2019

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Abstract

Objectives

The ability to experience, express, and maintain positive emotions and reduce negative emotions during stress has been cited as a marker of resilience, yet much needs to be learned regarding what mechanisms underlie this ability in youth. The current study assesses relations between coping strategies and observed emotion expression and maintenance in offspring of depressed mothers as possible mechanisms to promote resilience.

Methods

Mothers with a history of depression (N = 160) and their children (M age = 11.38) participated in two video-recorded interactions about a recent pleasant activity and a recent stressful experience in the family. Observed positive mood, anxiety, hostility, and sadness in youth were measured via a macro-level coding system and adolescents completed a self-report measure regarding how they cope with family stress.

Results

Secondary control coping (e.g., cognitive restructuring, acceptance) was significantly related to higher positive mood and lower hostility during the stressful task when controlling for mothers’ depressive symptoms, emotions during the pleasant activity task, primary control and disengagement coping, and child gender. Secondary control coping was not related to observed anxiety or sadness.

Conclusions

Results highlight a link between coping and emotion expression and maintenance in the context of family stress and suggest that coping strategies differ in their effectiveness of managing distinct emotions. Secondary control coping in particular may foster resilience by promoting higher levels of positive mood and lower levels of hostility in children exposed to parental depression. Implications, study limitations, and future directions are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Coping and Observed Emotions in Children of Parents with a History of Depression
Auteurs
Meredith A. Gruhn
Alexandra H. Bettis
Lexa K. Murphy
Jennifer P. Dunbar
Michele M. Reising
Rex Forehand
Bruce E. Compas
Publicatiedatum
19-04-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 6/2019
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01390-z