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23-10-2020 | Uitgave 2/2021

Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2021

Converging Multi-modal Evidence for Implicit Threat-Related Bias in Pediatric Anxiety Disorders

Tijdschrift:
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology > Uitgave 2/2021
Auteurs:
Rany Abend, Mira A. Bajaj, Chika Matsumoto, Marissa Yetter, Anita Harrewijn, Elise M. Cardinale, Katharina Kircanski, Eli R. Lebowitz, Wendy K. Silverman, Yair Bar-Haim, Amit Lazarov, Ellen Leibenluft, Melissa Brotman, Daniel S. Pine
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-020-00712-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Rany Abend and Mira A. Bajaj contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

This report examines the relationship between pediatric anxiety disorders and implicit bias evoked by threats. To do so, the report uses two tasks that assess implicit bias to negative-valence faces, the first by eye-gaze and the second by measuring body-movement parameters. The report contrasts task performance in 51 treatment-seeking, medication-free pediatric patients with anxiety disorders and 36 healthy peers. Among these youth, 53 completed an eye-gaze task, 74 completed a body-movement task, and 40 completed both tasks. On the eye-gaze task, patients displayed longer gaze duration on negative relative to non-negative valence faces than healthy peers, F(1, 174) = 8.27, p = .005. In contrast, on the body-movement task, patients displayed a greater tendency to behaviorally avoid negative-valence faces than healthy peers, F(1, 72) = 4.68, p = .033. Finally, implicit bias measures on the two tasks were correlated, r(38) = .31, p = .049. In sum, we found an association between pediatric anxiety disorders and implicit threat bias on two tasks, one measuring eye-gaze and the other measuring whole-body movements. Converging evidence for implicit threat bias encourages future research using multiple tasks in anxiety.

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