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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2021

23-10-2020

Converging Multi-modal Evidence for Implicit Threat-Related Bias in Pediatric Anxiety Disorders

Auteurs: Rany Abend, Mira A. Bajaj, Chika Matsumoto, Marissa Yetter, Anita Harrewijn, Elise M. Cardinale, Katharina Kircanski, Eli R. Lebowitz, Wendy K. Silverman, Yair Bar-Haim, Amit Lazarov, Ellen Leibenluft, Melissa Brotman, Daniel S. Pine

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2021

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Abstract

This report examines the relationship between pediatric anxiety disorders and implicit bias evoked by threats. To do so, the report uses two tasks that assess implicit bias to negative-valence faces, the first by eye-gaze and the second by measuring body-movement parameters. The report contrasts task performance in 51 treatment-seeking, medication-free pediatric patients with anxiety disorders and 36 healthy peers. Among these youth, 53 completed an eye-gaze task, 74 completed a body-movement task, and 40 completed both tasks. On the eye-gaze task, patients displayed longer gaze duration on negative relative to non-negative valence faces than healthy peers, F(1, 174) = 8.27, p = .005. In contrast, on the body-movement task, patients displayed a greater tendency to behaviorally avoid negative-valence faces than healthy peers, F(1, 72) = 4.68, p = .033. Finally, implicit bias measures on the two tasks were correlated, r(38) = .31, p = .049. In sum, we found an association between pediatric anxiety disorders and implicit threat bias on two tasks, one measuring eye-gaze and the other measuring whole-body movements. Converging evidence for implicit threat bias encourages future research using multiple tasks in anxiety.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Converging Multi-modal Evidence for Implicit Threat-Related Bias in Pediatric Anxiety Disorders
Auteurs
Rany Abend
Mira A. Bajaj
Chika Matsumoto
Marissa Yetter
Anita Harrewijn
Elise M. Cardinale
Katharina Kircanski
Eli R. Lebowitz
Wendy K. Silverman
Yair Bar-Haim
Amit Lazarov
Ellen Leibenluft
Melissa Brotman
Daniel S. Pine
Publicatiedatum
23-10-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2021
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-020-00712-w

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