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01-08-2015 | Original Article | Uitgave 4/2015

Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2015

Contextual Influences on Distress Intolerance: Priming Effects on Behavioral Persistence

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 4/2015
Auteurs:
Kristin L. Szuhany, Michael W. Otto
Belangrijke opmerkingen
These data have been presented in a symposium at the 2014 annual meeting of the Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies in Philadelphia, PA.

Abstract

Distress intolerance (DI), the inability to tolerate stressful experiences, has been linked to multiple psychiatric conditions and maladaptive coping patterns. Although DI is often considered a trait-like variable, evidence indicates that self-report and behavioral indices of DI can be manipulated by contextual factors. Understanding such contextual influences is important given evidence of unexpected variability in these presumed trait-like measures over brief intervals. The current study examined the influence of context (manipulated by priming concepts of “Interminability” and “Brevity”) in predicting behavioral persistence, in relation to self-reported DI. Results indicated that priming Brevity was associated with terminating a cold-pressor task more quickly. Self-reported DI was linked to earlier termination, but there was no interaction between self-reported DI and priming condition. Results indicate that contextual cues modulate performance on behavioral measures of DI. Hence, models of DI should consider both trait-like and contextual factors in understanding variability in DI measures.

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