Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2016

30-08-2015 | Original Paper

Contextual Factors Predict Patterns of Change in Functioning over 10 Years Among Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Ashley C. Woodman, Leann E. Smith, Jan S. Greenberg, Marsha R. Mailick

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 1/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

In the present study, we jointly employ and integrate variable- and person-centered approaches to identify groups of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have similar profiles of change over a period of 10 years across three critical domains of functioning: maladaptive behaviors, autism symptoms, and daily living skills. Two distinct developmental profiles were identified. Above and beyond demographic and individual characteristics, aspects of both the educational context (level of inclusion) and the family context (maternal positivity) were found to predict the likelihood of following a positive pattern of change. Implementing evidence-based interventions that target the school and home environments during childhood and adolescence may have lasting impacts on functioning into adulthood for individuals with ASD.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric.
go back to reference Anderson, D. K., Liang, J. W., & Lord, C. (2014). Predicting young adult outcome among more and less cognitively able individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55(5), 485–494. doi: 10.​1111/​jcpp.​12178. PubMedCrossRef Anderson, D. K., Liang, J. W., & Lord, C. (2014). Predicting young adult outcome among more and less cognitively able individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55(5), 485–494. doi: 10.​1111/​jcpp.​12178. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baker, J. K., Smith, L. E., Greenberg, J. S., Seltzer, M. M., & Taylor, J. L. (2011). Change in maternal criticism and behavior problems in adolescents and adults with autism across a 7-year period. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120(2), 465–475. doi: 10.​1037/​a0021900. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Baker, J. K., Smith, L. E., Greenberg, J. S., Seltzer, M. M., & Taylor, J. L. (2011). Change in maternal criticism and behavior problems in adolescents and adults with autism across a 7-year period. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120(2), 465–475. doi: 10.​1037/​a0021900. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Beadle-Brown, J., Murphy, G., Wing, L., Gould, J., Shah, A., & Holmes, N. (2000). Changes in skills for people with intellectual disability: A follow-up of the Camberwell cohort. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 44(1), 12–24. PubMedCrossRef Beadle-Brown, J., Murphy, G., Wing, L., Gould, J., Shah, A., & Holmes, N. (2000). Changes in skills for people with intellectual disability: A follow-up of the Camberwell cohort. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 44(1), 12–24. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bishop-Fitzpatrick, L., Minshew, N. J., & Eack, S. M. (2013). A systematic review of psychosocial interventions for adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(3), 687–694. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Bishop-Fitzpatrick, L., Minshew, N. J., & Eack, S. M. (2013). A systematic review of psychosocial interventions for adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(3), 687–694. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Brereton, A. V., Tonge, B. J., & Einfeld, S. L. (2006). Psychopathology in children and adolescents with autism compared to young people with intellectual disability. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(7), 863–870. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0125-y. PubMedCrossRef Brereton, A. V., Tonge, B. J., & Einfeld, S. L. (2006). Psychopathology in children and adolescents with autism compared to young people with intellectual disability. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(7), 863–870. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0125-y. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). Contexts of child rearing: Problems and prospects. American Psychologist, 34(10), 844. CrossRef Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). Contexts of child rearing: Problems and prospects. American Psychologist, 34(10), 844. CrossRef
go back to reference Bronfenbrenner, U. (1992). Ecological systems theory. London: Jessica Kingsley. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1992). Ecological systems theory. London: Jessica Kingsley.
go back to reference Bruininks, R. H., Woodcock, R. W., Weatherman, R. F., & Hill, B. K. (1996). Scales of independent behaviour-revised. Itasca, IL: Riverside. Bruininks, R. H., Woodcock, R. W., Weatherman, R. F., & Hill, B. K. (1996). Scales of independent behaviour-revised. Itasca, IL: Riverside.
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control. (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among children aged 8 years—Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63(2), 1–21. Centers for Disease Control. (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among children aged 8 years—Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63(2), 1–21.
go back to reference Chadwick, O., Cuddy, M., Kusel, Y., & Taylor, E. (2005a). Handicaps and the development of skills between childhood and early adolescence in young people with severe intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49(12), 877–888. PubMedCrossRef Chadwick, O., Cuddy, M., Kusel, Y., & Taylor, E. (2005a). Handicaps and the development of skills between childhood and early adolescence in young people with severe intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49(12), 877–888. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Chadwick, O., Kusel, Y., Cuddy, M., & Taylor, E. (2005b). Psychiatric diagnoses and behaviour problems from childhood to early adolescence in young people with severe intellectual disabilities. Psychological Medicine, 35(5), 751–760. PubMedCrossRef Chadwick, O., Kusel, Y., Cuddy, M., & Taylor, E. (2005b). Psychiatric diagnoses and behaviour problems from childhood to early adolescence in young people with severe intellectual disabilities. Psychological Medicine, 35(5), 751–760. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Coppus, A. M. W. (2013). People with intellectual disability: What do we know about adulthood and life expectancy? Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 18(6), 6–16. PubMedCrossRef Coppus, A. M. W. (2013). People with intellectual disability: What do we know about adulthood and life expectancy? Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 18(6), 6–16. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Davies, E., & Higginson, I. J. (Eds.). (2004). The solid facts: Palliative care. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Davies, E., & Higginson, I. J. (Eds.). (2004). The solid facts: Palliative care. Copenhagen: World Health Organization.
go back to reference Di Nuovo, S. F., & Buono, S. (2007). Psychiatric syndromes comorbid with mental retardation: Differences in cognitive and adaptive skills. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 41(9), 795–800. PubMedCrossRef Di Nuovo, S. F., & Buono, S. (2007). Psychiatric syndromes comorbid with mental retardation: Differences in cognitive and adaptive skills. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 41(9), 795–800. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Einfeld, S. L., Piccinin, A. M., Mackinnon, A., Hofer, S. M., Taffe, J., Gray, K. M., et al. (2006). Psychopathology in young people with intellectual disability. Journal of American Medical Association, 296(16), 1981–1989. doi: 10.​1001/​jama.​296.​16.​1981. CrossRef Einfeld, S. L., Piccinin, A. M., Mackinnon, A., Hofer, S. M., Taffe, J., Gray, K. M., et al. (2006). Psychopathology in young people with intellectual disability. Journal of American Medical Association, 296(16), 1981–1989. doi: 10.​1001/​jama.​296.​16.​1981. CrossRef
go back to reference Fombonne, E. (2005). Epidemiological studies of pervasive developmental disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 42–69). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Fombonne, E. (2005). Epidemiological studies of pervasive developmental disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 42–69). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Glutting, J., Adams, W., & Sheslow, D. (2000). Wide range intelligence test. Wilmington, DE: Wide Range. Glutting, J., Adams, W., & Sheslow, D. (2000). Wide range intelligence test. Wilmington, DE: Wide Range.
go back to reference Greenberg, J. S., Seltzer, M. M., Hong, J., & Orsmond, G. I. (2006). Bidirectional effects of expressed emotion and behavior problems and symptoms in adolescents and adults with autism. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 111(4), 229–249. PubMedCrossRef Greenberg, J. S., Seltzer, M. M., Hong, J., & Orsmond, G. I. (2006). Bidirectional effects of expressed emotion and behavior problems and symptoms in adolescents and adults with autism. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 111(4), 229–249. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Happé, F., & Charlton, R. A. (2011). Aging in autism spectrum disorders: A mini-review. Gerontology, 58(1), 70–78. PubMedCrossRef Happé, F., & Charlton, R. A. (2011). Aging in autism spectrum disorders: A mini-review. Gerontology, 58(1), 70–78. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hastings, R. P., Daley, D., Burns, C., & Beck, A. (2006). Maternal distress and expressed emotion: Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships with behavior problems of children with intellectual disabilities. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 111(1), 48–61. PubMedCrossRef Hastings, R. P., Daley, D., Burns, C., & Beck, A. (2006). Maternal distress and expressed emotion: Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships with behavior problems of children with intellectual disabilities. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 111(1), 48–61. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hill, A., Bölte, S., Petrova, G., Beltcheva, D., Tacheva, S., & Poustka, F. (2001). Stability and interpersonal agreement of the interview-based diagnosis of autism. Psychopathology, 34(4), 187–191. doi: 10.​1159/​000049305. PubMedCrossRef Hill, A., Bölte, S., Petrova, G., Beltcheva, D., Tacheva, S., & Poustka, F. (2001). Stability and interpersonal agreement of the interview-based diagnosis of autism. Psychopathology, 34(4), 187–191. doi: 10.​1159/​000049305. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Howlin, P. (2005). Outcomes in autism spectrum disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 201–220). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Howlin, P. (2005). Outcomes in autism spectrum disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 201–220). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Howlin, P., Moss, P., Savage, S., & Rutter, M. (2013). Social outcomes in mid to later adulthood among individuals diagnosed with autism and average nonverbal IQ as children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(6), 572–581. PubMedCrossRef Howlin, P., Moss, P., Savage, S., & Rutter, M. (2013). Social outcomes in mid to later adulthood among individuals diagnosed with autism and average nonverbal IQ as children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(6), 572–581. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hunt, P., & McDonnell, J. (2007). Inclusive education. In S. L. Odom, R. H. Horner, M. E. Snell, & J. Blacher (Eds.), Handbook on developmental disabilities (pp. 269–291). New York: Guilford Press. Hunt, P., & McDonnell, J. (2007). Inclusive education. In S. L. Odom, R. H. Horner, M. E. Snell, & J. Blacher (Eds.), Handbook on developmental disabilities (pp. 269–291). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hunt, P., Soto, G., Maier, J., & Doering, K. (2003). Collaborative teaming to support students at risk and students with severe disabilities in general education classrooms. Exceptional Children, 69(3), 315–332. CrossRef Hunt, P., Soto, G., Maier, J., & Doering, K. (2003). Collaborative teaming to support students at risk and students with severe disabilities in general education classrooms. Exceptional Children, 69(3), 315–332. CrossRef
go back to reference Laursen, B. P., & Hoff, E. (2006). Person-centered and variable-centered approaches to longitudinal data. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 52(3), 377–389. CrossRef Laursen, B. P., & Hoff, E. (2006). Person-centered and variable-centered approaches to longitudinal data. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 52(3), 377–389. CrossRef
go back to reference Liss, M., Harel, B., Fein, D., Allen, D., Dunn, M., Feinstein, C., et al. (2001). Predictors and correlates of adaptive functioning in children with developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(2), 219–230. PubMedCrossRef Liss, M., Harel, B., Fein, D., Allen, D., Dunn, M., Feinstein, C., et al. (2001). Predictors and correlates of adaptive functioning in children with developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(2), 219–230. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02172145. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02172145. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Luckasson, R., Borthwick-Duffy, S. E. H., Coulter, D. L., Craig, E. M., Reeve, A., et al. (2002). Mental retardation: Definition, classification, and systems of supports (10th ed., Vol. xiii). Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation. Luckasson, R., Borthwick-Duffy, S. E. H., Coulter, D. L., Craig, E. M., Reeve, A., et al. (2002). Mental retardation: Definition, classification, and systems of supports (10th ed., Vol. xiii). Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation.
go back to reference Maenner, M. J., Smith, L. E., Hong, J., Makuch, R., Greenberg, J. S., & Mailick, M. R. (2013). Evaluation of an activities of daily living scale for adolescents and adults with developmental disabilities. Disability and Health Journal, 6(1), 8–17. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Maenner, M. J., Smith, L. E., Hong, J., Makuch, R., Greenberg, J. S., & Mailick, M. R. (2013). Evaluation of an activities of daily living scale for adolescents and adults with developmental disabilities. Disability and Health Journal, 6(1), 8–17. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Magaña, A. B., Goldstein, M. J., Karno, M., Miklowitz, D. J., Jenkins, J., & Falloon, I. R. (1986). A brief method for assessing expressed emotion in relatives of psychiatric patients. Psychiatry Research, 17(3), 203–212. PubMedCrossRef Magaña, A. B., Goldstein, M. J., Karno, M., Miklowitz, D. J., Jenkins, J., & Falloon, I. R. (1986). A brief method for assessing expressed emotion in relatives of psychiatric patients. Psychiatry Research, 17(3), 203–212. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Magaña, S., Parish, S. L., Rose, R. A., Timberlake, M., & Swaine, J. G. (2012). Racial and ethnic disparities in quality of health care among children with autism and other developmental disabilities. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 50(4), 287–299. PubMedCrossRef Magaña, S., Parish, S. L., Rose, R. A., Timberlake, M., & Swaine, J. G. (2012). Racial and ethnic disparities in quality of health care among children with autism and other developmental disabilities. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 50(4), 287–299. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Magiati, I., Tay, X. W., & Howlin, P. (2014). Cognitive, language, social and behavioural outcomes in adults with autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review of longitudinal follow-up studies in adulthood. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 73–86. PubMedCrossRef Magiati, I., Tay, X. W., & Howlin, P. (2014). Cognitive, language, social and behavioural outcomes in adults with autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review of longitudinal follow-up studies in adulthood. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 73–86. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Magnusson, D. (1998). The logic and implications of a person-oriented approach. In R. B. Cairns, L. R. Bergman, & J. Kagan (Eds.), Methods and models for studying the individual (pp. 33–64). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Magnusson, D. (1998). The logic and implications of a person-oriented approach. In R. B. Cairns, L. R. Bergman, & J. Kagan (Eds.), Methods and models for studying the individual (pp. 33–64). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Matson, J. L., Dempsey, T., & Fodstad, J. C. (2009). The effect of autism spectrum disorders on adaptive independent living skills in adults with severe intellectual disability. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30(6), 1203–1211. PubMedCrossRef Matson, J. L., Dempsey, T., & Fodstad, J. C. (2009). The effect of autism spectrum disorders on adaptive independent living skills in adults with severe intellectual disability. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30(6), 1203–1211. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McCarty, C. A., Lau, A. S., Valeri, S. M., & Weisz, J. R. (2004). Parent–child interactions in relation to critical and emotionally overinvolved expressed emotion (EE): Is EE a proxy for behavior? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32(1), 83–93. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef McCarty, C. A., Lau, A. S., Valeri, S. M., & Weisz, J. R. (2004). Parent–child interactions in relation to critical and emotionally overinvolved expressed emotion (EE): Is EE a proxy for behavior? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32(1), 83–93. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Meyer, A., Rose, D. H., & Gordon, D. (2013). Universal design for learning: Theory and practice. Wakefield, MA: CAST. Meyer, A., Rose, D. H., & Gordon, D. (2013). Universal design for learning: Theory and practice. Wakefield, MA: CAST.
go back to reference Murphy, G. H., Beadle-Brown, J., Wing, L., Gould, J., Shah, A., & Holmes, N. (2005). Chronicity of challenging behaviours in people with severe intellectual disabilities and/or autism: A total population sample. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(4), 405–418. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-005-5030-2. PubMedCrossRef Murphy, G. H., Beadle-Brown, J., Wing, L., Gould, J., Shah, A., & Holmes, N. (2005). Chronicity of challenging behaviours in people with severe intellectual disabilities and/or autism: A total population sample. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(4), 405–418. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-005-5030-2. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Muthén, B. (2001). Second-generation structural equation modeling with a combination of categorical and continuous latent variables: New opportunities for latent class–latent growth modeling. In L. M. Collins & A. G. Sayer (Eds.), New methods for the analysis of change (pp. 291–322). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Muthén, B. (2001). Second-generation structural equation modeling with a combination of categorical and continuous latent variables: New opportunities for latent class–latent growth modeling. In L. M. Collins & A. G. Sayer (Eds.), New methods for the analysis of change (pp. 291–322). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2010). MPlus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthen & Muthen. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2010). MPlus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthen & Muthen.
go back to reference Park, C. J., Yelland, G. W., Taffe, J. R., & Gray, K. M. (2012). Brief report: The relationship between language skills, adaptive behavior, and emotional and behavior problems in pre-schoolers with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(12), 2761–2766. PubMedCrossRef Park, C. J., Yelland, G. W., Taffe, J. R., & Gray, K. M. (2012). Brief report: The relationship between language skills, adaptive behavior, and emotional and behavior problems in pre-schoolers with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(12), 2761–2766. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Paskiewicz, T. L. (2009). A comparison of adaptive behavior skills and IQ in three populations: Children with learning disabilities, mental retardation, and autism (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Temple University, Philadelphia, PA. Paskiewicz, T. L. (2009). A comparison of adaptive behavior skills and IQ in three populations: Children with learning disabilities, mental retardation, and autism (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.
go back to reference Pastor, D. A., Barron, K. E., Miller, B. J., & Davis, S. L. (2007). A latent profile analysis of college students’ achievement goal orientation. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 32(1), 8–47. CrossRef Pastor, D. A., Barron, K. E., Miller, B. J., & Davis, S. L. (2007). A latent profile analysis of college students’ achievement goal orientation. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 32(1), 8–47. CrossRef
go back to reference Perry, A., Flanagan, H. E., Geier, J. D., & Freeman, N. L. (2009). Brief report: The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales in young children with autism spectrum disorders at different cognitive levels. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(7), 1066–1078. PubMedCrossRef Perry, A., Flanagan, H. E., Geier, J. D., & Freeman, N. L. (2009). Brief report: The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales in young children with autism spectrum disorders at different cognitive levels. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(7), 1066–1078. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pickles, A., Anderson, D. K., & Lord, C. (2014). Heterogeneity and plasticity in the development of language: A 17-year follow-up of children referred early for possible autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55(12), 1354–1362. doi: 10.​1111/​jcpp.​12269. PubMedCrossRef Pickles, A., Anderson, D. K., & Lord, C. (2014). Heterogeneity and plasticity in the development of language: A 17-year follow-up of children referred early for possible autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55(12), 1354–1362. doi: 10.​1111/​jcpp.​12269. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Raudenbush, S., Bryk, A., & Congdon, R. (2008). HLM (version 6). Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International. Raudenbush, S., Bryk, A., & Congdon, R. (2008). HLM (version 6). Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.
go back to reference Reinhardt, V. P., Wtherby, A. M., Schatschneider, C., & Lord, C. (2015). Examination of sex differences in a large sample of young children with autism spectrum disorder and typical development. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45, 697–706. PubMedCrossRef Reinhardt, V. P., Wtherby, A. M., Schatschneider, C., & Lord, C. (2015). Examination of sex differences in a large sample of young children with autism spectrum disorder and typical development. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45, 697–706. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sameroff, A. (2010). A unified theory of development: A dialectic integration of nature and nurture. Child Development, 81(1), 6–22. PubMedCrossRef Sameroff, A. (2010). A unified theory of development: A dialectic integration of nature and nurture. Child Development, 81(1), 6–22. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schmiege, S. J., Meek, P., Bryan, A. D., & Petersen, H. (2012). Latent variable mixture modeling: A flexible statistical approach for identifying and classifying heterogeneity. Nursing Research, 61(3), 204–212. PubMedCrossRef Schmiege, S. J., Meek, P., Bryan, A. D., & Petersen, H. (2012). Latent variable mixture modeling: A flexible statistical approach for identifying and classifying heterogeneity. Nursing Research, 61(3), 204–212. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Taylor, J. L., Smith, L., Orsmond, G. I., Esbensen, A., & Hong, J. (2011). Adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders. In D. G. Amaral, G. Dawson, & D. Geschwind (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders (pp. 241–252). New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Taylor, J. L., Smith, L., Orsmond, G. I., Esbensen, A., & Hong, J. (2011). Adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders. In D. G. Amaral, G. Dawson, & D. Geschwind (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders (pp. 241–252). New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Seltzer, M. M., Shattuck, P., Abbeduto, L., & Greenberg, J. S. (2004). Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 10(4), 234–247. doi: 10.​1002/​mrdd.​20038. PubMedCrossRef Seltzer, M. M., Shattuck, P., Abbeduto, L., & Greenberg, J. S. (2004). Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 10(4), 234–247. doi: 10.​1002/​mrdd.​20038. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shattuck, P. T., Roux, A. M., Hudson, L. E., Taylor, J. L., Maenner, M. J., & Trani, J. F. (2012). Services for adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(5), 284–291. Shattuck, P. T., Roux, A. M., Hudson, L. E., Taylor, J. L., Maenner, M. J., & Trani, J. F. (2012). Services for adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(5), 284–291.
go back to reference Shattuck, P. T., Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Orsmond, G. I., Bolt, D., Kring, S., et al. (2007). Change in autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors in adolescents and adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(9), 1735–1747. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0307-7. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Shattuck, P. T., Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Orsmond, G. I., Bolt, D., Kring, S., et al. (2007). Change in autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors in adolescents and adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(9), 1735–1747. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0307-7. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Shea, V., & Mesibov, G. B. (2005). Adolescents and adults with autism. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (pp. 288–311). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Shea, V., & Mesibov, G. B. (2005). Adolescents and adults with autism. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (pp. 288–311). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Smith, L. E., Greenberg, J. S., Seltzer, M. M., & Hong, J. (2008). Symptoms and behavior problems of adolescents and adults with autism: Effects of mother–child relationship quality, warmth, and praise. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 113(5), 378–393. doi: 10.​1352/​2008.​113:​387-402. CrossRef Smith, L. E., Greenberg, J. S., Seltzer, M. M., & Hong, J. (2008). Symptoms and behavior problems of adolescents and adults with autism: Effects of mother–child relationship quality, warmth, and praise. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 113(5), 378–393. doi: 10.​1352/​2008.​113:​387-402. CrossRef
go back to reference Smith, L. E., Maenner, M. J., & Seltzer, M. M. (2012). Developmental trajectories in adolescents and adults with autism: The case of daily living skills. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(6), 622–631. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Smith, L. E., Maenner, M. J., & Seltzer, M. M. (2012). Developmental trajectories in adolescents and adults with autism: The case of daily living skills. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(6), 622–631. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Sparrow, S. S., Carter, A. S., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1993). Vineland screener: Overview, reliability, validity, administration, and scoring. New Haven, CT: Yale University Child Study Center. Sparrow, S. S., Carter, A. S., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1993). Vineland screener: Overview, reliability, validity, administration, and scoring. New Haven, CT: Yale University Child Study Center.
go back to reference Totsika, V., Felce, D., Kerr, M., & Hastings, R. P. (2010). Behavior problems, psychiatric symptoms, and quality of life for older adults with intellectual disability with and without autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(10), 1171–1178. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-010-0975-1. PubMedCrossRef Totsika, V., Felce, D., Kerr, M., & Hastings, R. P. (2010). Behavior problems, psychiatric symptoms, and quality of life for older adults with intellectual disability with and without autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(10), 1171–1178. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-010-0975-1. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Totsika, V., Hastings, R. P., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G. A., & Berridge, D. M. (2011). A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: Associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(1), 91–99. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2010.​02295.​x. PubMedCrossRef Totsika, V., Hastings, R. P., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G. A., & Berridge, D. M. (2011). A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: Associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(1), 91–99. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2010.​02295.​x. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wearden, A. J., Tarrier, N., Barrowclough, C., Zastowny, T. R., & Rahill, A. A. (2000). A review of expressed emotion research in health care. Clinical Psychology Review, 20(5), 633–666. PubMedCrossRef Wearden, A. J., Tarrier, N., Barrowclough, C., Zastowny, T. R., & Rahill, A. A. (2000). A review of expressed emotion research in health care. Clinical Psychology Review, 20(5), 633–666. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference White, I. R., Royston, P., & Wood, A. M. (2011). Multiple imputation using chained equations: Issues and guidance for practice. Statistics in Medicine, 30(4), 377–399. PubMedCrossRef White, I. R., Royston, P., & Wood, A. M. (2011). Multiple imputation using chained equations: Issues and guidance for practice. Statistics in Medicine, 30(4), 377–399. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Widaman, K. F. (2006). Best practices in quantitative methods for developmentalists: III. Missing data: What to do with or without them. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 71(3), 42–64. Widaman, K. F. (2006). Best practices in quantitative methods for developmentalists: III. Missing data: What to do with or without them. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 71(3), 42–64.
go back to reference Woodman, A. C., Mailick, M. R., & Greenberg, J. S. (under review). Trajectories of psychopathology in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Development & Psychopathology. Woodman, A. C., Mailick, M. R., & Greenberg, J. S. (under review). Trajectories of psychopathology in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Development & Psychopathology.
go back to reference World Health Organization. (1987). ICD-10 1986 draft of chapter 5 categories F00–F99. Mental, behavioural and developmental disorders. Geneva: Author. World Health Organization. (1987). ICD-10 1986 draft of chapter 5 categories F00–F99. Mental, behavioural and developmental disorders. Geneva: Author.
Metagegevens
Titel
Contextual Factors Predict Patterns of Change in Functioning over 10 Years Among Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Ashley C. Woodman
Leann E. Smith
Jan S. Greenberg
Marsha R. Mailick
Publicatiedatum
30-08-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 1/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2561-z

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2016

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2016 Naar de uitgave