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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 3/2023

19-11-2022 | Empirical Research

Consequences of Victimization on Perceived Friend Support during Adolescence

Auteurs: Jillian J. Turanovic, Sonja E. Siennick, Kristin M. Lloyd

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 3/2023

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Abstract

Victimization can harm youth in various ways and negatively affect their friendships with peers. Nevertheless, not all victimized youth are impacted similarly, and the literature is unclear regarding why some victims are more likely than others to experience friendship-based consequences. Using five waves of data on 901 adolescents (6th grade at wave 1; 47% male; 88% White) and a subsample of 492 victimized youth, this study assessed (1) whether victimization leads to decreases in perceived friend support, and (2) the factors that explain which victimized youth are most likely to experience decreases in perceived friend support. Explanatory factors included subsequent victimization, victims’ social network status (self-reported number of friends, number of friendship nominations received), and victims’ risky behaviors (affiliating with deviant friends, delinquency, aggression, binge drinking). Random effects regressions revealed that, among the full sample, victimization was linked to decreases in friend support. Among victimized youth, subsequent victimization and deviant friends decreased friend support. Having more friends was associated with increased friend support among victims, though this association weakened as the number of friends increased. The results emphasize that victimized youth are a heterogeneous group with varying risks of experiencing friendship-based consequences.
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Voetnoten
1
The multiple imputation routine included 63 items in total. These were the individual items that comprised all of the study’s variables in addition to 12 auxiliary variables, namely an indicator of marijuana use and 11 items assessing various internalizing symptoms. All scale variables were created following the imputation. Marijuana use was unrelated to friend support in the bivariate analysis and was not included in the final analyses. Internalizing symptoms were not included in the paper because they did not follow from our conceptual framework, which focused on risky behaviors and network status. However, these measures did inform the imputation of item-missing data.
 
2
Interactions were also examined between the risky behavior variables and the network status variables among the victim subsample. Only one association was statistically significant. This association (a three-way interaction between friend deviance, self-reported number of friends, and number of friends squared) suggested that the impact of friend deviance on perceived support was most strongly negative among respondents with few self-reported friends, but that as the self-reported number of friends increased, number of friends had an increasingly weak buffering effect on the influence of friend deviance. This interaction was not replicated when the friendship nominations received variable was used in the interaction term, nor was it replicated for any other of the three measures of respondents’ risky behaviors.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Consequences of Victimization on Perceived Friend Support during Adolescence
Auteurs
Jillian J. Turanovic
Sonja E. Siennick
Kristin M. Lloyd
Publicatiedatum
19-11-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01706-1

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