Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

01-11-2010 | Original Article | Uitgave 6/2010 Open Access

Psychological Research 6/2010

Conscious thought beats deliberation without attention in diagnostic decision-making: at least when you are an expert

Tijdschrift:
Psychological Research > Uitgave 6/2010
Auteurs:
Sílvia Mamede, Henk G. Schmidt, Remy M. J. P. Rikers, Eugene J. F. M. Custers, Ted A. W. Splinter, Jan L. C. M. van Saase

Abstract

Contrary to what common sense makes us believe, deliberation without attention has recently been suggested to produce better decisions in complex situations than deliberation with attention. Based on differences between cognitive processes of experts and novices, we hypothesized that experts make in fact better decisions after consciously thinking about complex problems whereas novices may benefit from deliberation-without-attention. These hypotheses were confirmed in a study among doctors and medical students. They diagnosed complex and routine problems under three conditions, an immediate-decision condition and two delayed conditions: conscious thought and deliberation-without-attention. Doctors did better with conscious deliberation when problems were complex, whereas reasoning mode did not matter in simple problems. In contrast, deliberation-without-attention improved novices’ decisions, but only in simple problems. Experts benefit from consciously thinking about complex problems; for novices thinking does not help in those cases.

Onze productaanbevelingen

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijft u als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen uw vak. Met het online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kunt u op uw gemak en wanneer het u het beste uitkomt verdiepen in uw vakgebied.

Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2010

Psychological Research 6/2010 Naar de uitgave