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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 10/2016

10-06-2016 | Empirical Research

Congruence and Incongruence in Adolescents’ and Parents’ Perceptions of the Family: Using Response Surface Analysis to Examine Links with Adolescents’ Psychological Adjustment

Auteurs: Lauren J. Human, Melanie A. Dirks, Anita DeLongis, Edith Chen

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 10/2016

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Abstract

Parents and adolescents often hold discrepant views about the family environment and these discrepancies may in turn influence adolescents’ psychological adjustment. The current study examined how adolescent–parent perceptions of family routines and chaos, and their congruence and incongruence, relate to adolescents’ self-reported psychological adjustment (depressive symptoms and perceived stress), both concurrently (N dyads = 261; 53 % female) and 2 years later (N dyads = 118; 50 % female). Using polynomial regression and response surface analysis, results indicated that adolescents’ perceptions of the family environment were a stronger predictor of adolescents’ adjustment than parents’ perceptions (76 % mothers), concurrently and over time. However, both congruence and incongruence in adolescent–parent perceptions were also related to adolescents’ adjustment. Specifically, congruently negative adolescent–parent perceptions were associated with worse concurrent adolescent adjustment. Further, incongruence defined by more negativity in adolescents’ versus parents’ perceptions was associated with worse adolescent psychological adjustment, concurrently and over time. In sum, in addition to the strong links between adolescents’ perceptions of the family and their own psychological adjustment, examining how congruent and incongruent adolescents’ perceptions are with parents’ perceptions may shed additional light on how the family environment relates to adolescent adjustment.
Voetnoten
1
See Manczak et al. (2015) and Human et al. (2014) for details on additional components of the study.
 
2
The RSA coefficients are derived directly from the polynomial coefficients as follows: a 1 = (b Parent + b Adol), where b Parent is the beta coefficient for parents’ ratings and b Adol is the beta coefficient for adolescents’ ratings. a 2 = (b Parent 2  + b Adol*Parent + b Adol 2 ), where b Parent 2 is the beta coefficient for parents’ ratings squared, b Adol*Parent is the beta coefficient for the cross-product of parents’ and adolescents’ ratings, and b Adol 2 is the beta coefficient for adolescents’ ratings squared. a 3 = (b Parent − b Adol). a4 = (b Parent 2  − b Adol*Parent + b Adol 2 ). The RSA package in R (Schönbrodt 2015) calculates and provides significance tests for each RSA coefficient. However, the package does not currently enable the inclusion of covariates. Thus, for all analyses involving covariates (see “Sensitivity Analyses” section), the RSA coefficients were derived from the polynomial coefficients using the formulas above and significance tests were calculated by hand using formulas provided by Shanock et al. (2010, Appendix 2).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Congruence and Incongruence in Adolescents’ and Parents’ Perceptions of the Family: Using Response Surface Analysis to Examine Links with Adolescents’ Psychological Adjustment
Auteurs
Lauren J. Human
Melanie A. Dirks
Anita DeLongis
Edith Chen
Publicatiedatum
10-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 10/2016
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0517-z