Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 10/2020

Open Access 19-06-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Confronting Racism with Mindfulness

Auteur: Bhikkhu Anālayo

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 10/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Racial oppression is a longstanding and widespread problem with significant repercussions and consequences for the health of those impacted. The roots of racial prejudice reach far back into the history of European culture. A contribution to the much-needed change can be found in the cultivation of mindfulness, in particular in its external dimension. This emerges from considering the background provided by the early Buddhist dismissal of caste prerogatives in the ancient Indian setting, granting priority to ethical conduct over birth. Besides opening up a new dimension for mindfulness-related research, which has so far predominantly focused on the internal cultivation of mindfulness, exploring the early Buddhist perspective also shows that diversity work can become an integral part of the Buddhist path of practice. This holds in particular for white Buddhists, who need to confront their superiority conceit as an obstruction to their own progress to liberation.
Literatuur
go back to reference Aguilar, E. (2019). Getting mindful about race in schools: cultivating awareness of unconscious biases can help schools shrink opportunity gaps. Educational Leadership, 76(7), 62–67. Aguilar, E. (2019). Getting mindful about race in schools: cultivating awareness of unconscious biases can help schools shrink opportunity gaps. Educational Leadership, 76(7), 62–67.
go back to reference Alexander, M. (2011). The new Jim Crow. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, 9(1), 7–26. Alexander, M. (2011). The new Jim Crow. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, 9(1), 7–26.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2008). Rebirth and the gandhabba. Mahachulalongkorn Journal of Buddhist Studies, 1, 91–105. Anālayo, Bh. (2008). Rebirth and the gandhabba. Mahachulalongkorn Journal of Buddhist Studies, 1, 91–105.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2011). A comparative study of the Majjhima-nikāya. Taipei: Dharma Drum Publishing Corporation. Anālayo, Bh. (2011). A comparative study of the Majjhima-nikāya. Taipei: Dharma Drum Publishing Corporation.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2019a). Mindfully facing climate change. Barre: Barre Center for Buddhist Studies. Anālayo, Bh. (2019a). Mindfully facing climate change. Barre: Barre Center for Buddhist Studies.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2020b). Mindfulness in early Buddhism, characteristics and functions. Cambridge: Windhorse Publications. Anālayo, Bh. (2020b). Mindfulness in early Buddhism, characteristics and functions. Cambridge: Windhorse Publications.
go back to reference Ariyasena, K. (1981). The origin of the state, as reflected in the Aggañña Sutta. Sri Lanka Journal of Humanities, 7(1/2), 136–146. Ariyasena, K. (1981). The origin of the state, as reflected in the Aggañña Sutta. Sri Lanka Journal of Humanities, 7(1/2), 136–146.
go back to reference Béteille, A. (1990). Race, caste and gender. Man, New Series, 25(3), 489–504. Béteille, A. (1990). Race, caste and gender. Man, New Series, 25(3), 489–504.
go back to reference Biller, P. (2010). Proto-racial thought in medieval science. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 157–180). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Biller, P. (2010). Proto-racial thought in medieval science. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 157–180). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Billings, D. (2016). Deep denial, the persistence of white supremacy in United States history and life. Roselle, NJ: Crandall, Dostie & Douglass Books. Billings, D. (2016). Deep denial, the persistence of white supremacy in United States history and life. Roselle, NJ: Crandall, Dostie & Douglass Books.
go back to reference Chalmers, R. (1894). The Madhura sutta concerning caste. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 341–366. Chalmers, R. (1894). The Madhura sutta concerning caste. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 341–366.
go back to reference Choudhury, S. (2015). Deep diversity: overcoming us vs. them. Toronto: Between the Lines. Choudhury, S. (2015). Deep diversity: overcoming us vs. them. Toronto: Between the Lines.
go back to reference Collins, S. (1993). The discourse on what is primary. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 21(4), 301–393. CrossRef Collins, S. (1993). The discourse on what is primary. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 21(4), 301–393. CrossRef
go back to reference DeGruy Leary, J. (2001). A dissertation on African American male youth violence: ‘trying to kill the part of you that isn’t loved.’ PhD thesis, Portland State University. DeGruy Leary, J. (2001). A dissertation on African American male youth violence: ‘trying to kill the part of you that isn’t loved.’ PhD thesis, Portland State University.
go back to reference Goldenberg, D. M. (2010). Racism, color symbolism and color prejudice. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 88–108). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Goldenberg, D. M. (2010). Racism, color symbolism and color prejudice. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 88–108). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Gombrich, R. F. (1988). Theravāda Buddhism, a social history from ancient Benares to modern Colombo. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. CrossRef Gombrich, R. F. (1988). Theravāda Buddhism, a social history from ancient Benares to modern Colombo. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. CrossRef
go back to reference Gombrich, R. F. (1992). The Buddha’s book of genesis? Indo-Iranian Journal, 35, 159–178. CrossRef Gombrich, R. F. (1992). The Buddha’s book of genesis? Indo-Iranian Journal, 35, 159–178. CrossRef
go back to reference Hahn, T. (2001). The difference the Middle Ages makes: color and race before the modern world. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 31(1), 1–37. CrossRef Hahn, T. (2001). The difference the Middle Ages makes: color and race before the modern world. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 31(1), 1–37. CrossRef
go back to reference Isaac, B. (2010). Racism: a rationalization of prejudice in Greece and Rome. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 32–56). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Isaac, B. (2010). Racism: a rationalization of prejudice in Greece and Rome. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 32–56). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Kariyawasam, A. G. S. (1977). Caste. In G. P. Malalasekera, O. H. d. A. Wijesekera, & J. Dhirasekera (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Buddhism (pp. 691–694). Sri Lanka: Department of Buddhist Affairs. Kariyawasam, A. G. S. (1977). Caste. In G. P. Malalasekera, O. H. d. A. Wijesekera, & J. Dhirasekera (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Buddhism (pp. 691–694). Sri Lanka: Department of Buddhist Affairs.
go back to reference Kennedy, K. A. R. (1995). Have Aryans been identified in the prehistoric skeletal record from South Asia? Biological anthropology and concepts of ancient races. In G. Erdosy (Ed.), The Indo-Aryans of ancient South Asia, language, material culture and ethnicity (pp. 32–66). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. Kennedy, K. A. R. (1995). Have Aryans been identified in the prehistoric skeletal record from South Asia? Biological anthropology and concepts of ancient races. In G. Erdosy (Ed.), The Indo-Aryans of ancient South Asia, language, material culture and ethnicity (pp. 32–66). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
go back to reference King, R. (2018). Mindful of race, transforming racism from the inside out. Boulder: Sounds True. King, R. (2018). Mindful of race, transforming racism from the inside out. Boulder: Sounds True.
go back to reference Kivel, P. (1996/2017). Uprooting racism: how white people can work for racial justice. Gabriola Island: New Society Publishers. Kivel, P. (1996/2017). Uprooting racism: how white people can work for racial justice. Gabriola Island: New Society Publishers.
go back to reference Menakem, R. (2017). My grandmother’s hands: racialized trauma and the pathway to mending our hearts and bodies. LasVegas: Central Recovery Press. Menakem, R. (2017). My grandmother’s hands: racialized trauma and the pathway to mending our hearts and bodies. LasVegas: Central Recovery Press.
go back to reference Mishra, N. (2015). India and colorism: the finer nuances. Washington University Global Studies Law Review, 14(4), 725–750. Mishra, N. (2015). India and colorism: the finer nuances. Washington University Global Studies Law Review, 14(4), 725–750.
go back to reference Monier-Williams, M. (1899/1999). A Sanskrit-English dictionary, etymologically and philologically arranged, with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. Monier-Williams, M. (1899/1999). A Sanskrit-English dictionary, etymologically and philologically arranged, with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
go back to reference Nanayakkara, S. K. (1972). Brāhmanism. In G. P. Malalasekera (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Buddhism (pp. 321–329). Colombo: Department of Buddhist Affairs. Nanayakkara, S. K. (1972). Brāhmanism. In G. P. Malalasekera (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Buddhism (pp. 321–329). Colombo: Department of Buddhist Affairs.
go back to reference Newman, N. (2008). Birthright citizenship: the fourteenth amendment’s continuing protection against an American caste system. Boston College Third World Law Journal, 28(2), 437–481. Newman, N. (2008). Birthright citizenship: the fourteenth amendment’s continuing protection against an American caste system. Boston College Third World Law Journal, 28(2), 437–481.
go back to reference Nirenberg, D. (2010). Was there race before modernity? The example of ‘Jewish’ blood in late medieval Spain. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 232–264). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Nirenberg, D. (2010). Was there race before modernity? The example of ‘Jewish’ blood in late medieval Spain. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 232–264). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Pinto, A. (2001). UN conference against racism: is caste race ? Economic and Political Weekly, 36(30), 2817–2820. Pinto, A. (2001). UN conference against racism: is caste race ? Economic and Political Weekly, 36(30), 2817–2820.
go back to reference Schmithausen, L. (2005). Man and world: on the myth of origin of the Aggaññasutta. Supplement to the Bulletin of the Research Institute of Bukkyō University, 165–182. Schmithausen, L. (2005). Man and world: on the myth of origin of the Aggaññasutta. Supplement to the Bulletin of the Research Institute of Bukkyō University, 165–182.
go back to reference Stoler, A. L. (1997). Racial histories and their regimes of truth. Political power and social theory, 11(1), 183–206. Stoler, A. L. (1997). Racial histories and their regimes of truth. Political power and social theory, 11(1), 183–206.
go back to reference Warner, W. L. (1936). American caste and class. American Journal of Sociology, 42(2), 234–237. CrossRef Warner, W. L. (1936). American caste and class. American Journal of Sociology, 42(2), 234–237. CrossRef
go back to reference Ziegler, J. (2010). Physiognomy, science, and proto-racism, 1200–1500. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 181–199). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ziegler, J. (2010). Physiognomy, science, and proto-racism, 1200–1500. In M. Eliav-Feldon, B. Issac, & J. Ziegler (Eds.), The origins of racism in the West (pp. 181–199). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
Confronting Racism with Mindfulness
Auteur
Bhikkhu Anālayo
Publicatiedatum
19-06-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 10/2020
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01432-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 10/2020

Mindfulness 10/2020 Naar de uitgave

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

The Ascendancy of the Mindful