Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 5/2021

06-02-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Compassion Mediates Poor Sleep Quality and Mental Health Outcomes

Auteurs: Jeffrey J. Kim, Melissa Oldham, Antonio T. Fernando, James N. Kirby

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 5/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

Poor sleep quality has been associated with suboptimal physical and mental health outcomes. Self-compassion has been shown to protect against the effects of poor sleep quality and promote positive mental health benefits. However, the attenuating role of fears of compassion on these relationships is less well known. Herein we examine the mediating role of self-compassion and fears of compassion on the relationship between poor sleep quality and mental health and wellbeing outcomes.

Methods

Two independent community and student samples within either a university setting or online research setting participated in the research. This was a 2-sample cross-sectional survey design (N = 196, sample 1; N = 151, sample 2) which was conducted March–July 2019. In both samples, we examined self-compassion and fears of compassion as focal mediators of poor sleep quality and mental health outcomes.

Results

Mediation analyses with non-parametric bootstrapping identified that self-compassion partially mediated the relationship between poor sleep quality and mental health outcomes (p < .001, R2 = .20). Fears of self-compassion partially mediated the relationship between poor sleep quality and mental health wellbeing (p < .001, R2 = .09) and fully mediated the relationship between poor sleep quality and psychological distress (p < .001, R2 = .09).

Conclusions

We provide empirical evidence for how both self-compassion and fears of compassion can mediate the relationship between poor sleep quality, psychological distress, and mental health wellbeing. Our results provide important suggestions for future work in therapy, clinical studies of sleep, and the utility of the fears of compassion scale as a key psychometric instrument for use within the field.
Literatuur
go back to reference Buysse, D. J., Reynolds, C. F., Monk, T. H., Berman, S. R., & Kupfer, D. J. (1989). The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research, 28, 193–213. CrossRef Buysse, D. J., Reynolds, C. F., Monk, T. H., Berman, S. R., & Kupfer, D. J. (1989). The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research, 28, 193–213. CrossRef
go back to reference Hayes, A. F. (2017). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis (Second ed.). New York: Guilford Press. Hayes, A. F. (2017). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis (Second ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Keyes, C. L. M. (2002). The mental health continuum: From languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Research, 43, 207–222. Keyes, C. L. M. (2002). The mental health continuum: From languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Research, 43, 207–222.
go back to reference Kim, J., Gerrish, R., Gilbert, P., & Kirby, J. N. (2020c). Stressed, depressed, and rank obsessed: Individual differences in compassion and neuroticism predispose toward rank-based depressive symptomatology. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​papt.​12270. Kim, J., Gerrish, R., Gilbert, P., & Kirby, J. N. (2020c). Stressed, depressed, and rank obsessed: Individual differences in compassion and neuroticism predispose toward rank-based depressive symptomatology. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​papt.​12270.
go back to reference Spira, A. P., Beaudreau, S. A., Stone, K. L., Kezirian, E. J., Lui, L. Y., Redline, S., & Stewart, A. (2012). Reliability and validity of the Pittsburgh sleep quality index and the Epworth sleepiness scale in older men. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 67 A(4), 433–439. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1093/​gerona/​glr172. CrossRef Spira, A. P., Beaudreau, S. A., Stone, K. L., Kezirian, E. J., Lui, L. Y., Redline, S., & Stewart, A. (2012). Reliability and validity of the Pittsburgh sleep quality index and the Epworth sleepiness scale in older men. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 67 A(4), 433–439. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1093/​gerona/​glr172. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Compassion Mediates Poor Sleep Quality and Mental Health Outcomes
Auteurs
Jeffrey J. Kim
Melissa Oldham
Antonio T. Fernando
James N. Kirby
Publicatiedatum
06-02-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 5/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01595-8

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2021

Mindfulness 5/2021 Naar de uitgave

MINDFULNESS IN PRACTICE

Time and Timelessness