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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 8/2021

26-05-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Compassion-Based Meditation Quality Practice and Its Impact on the Positive Attitudes Toward Others

Auteurs: Jaime Navarrete, Daniel Campos, Rebeca Diego-Pedro, Edgar González-Hernández, Rocío Herrero, Rosa M. Baños, Ausiàs Cebolla

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 8/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

The authors report on the initial development and validation of the Compassion Practice Quality Scale (CPQS), a measure to assess the quality of compassion-based meditation (CBM). It is conceptualized and operationalized via two factors measuring mental imagery and somatic perception/response.

Methods

The total sample was composed of 205 university students who underwent a CBM and completed pre-test/post-test assessment of compassion and related constructs. Results from a series of preliminary psychometric analyses of the CPQS were examined, including factor analysis, internal consistency, and convergent/discriminant validity.

Results

The data supported a 12-item and 10-item (without reference to gestures and self-instructions) CPQS of which imagery and somatic perception emerged as two significant reliable subscales, with Cronbach’s alpha values of .90 and .88 respectively. Practice quality factors assessed by the CPQS correlated in expected ways with fear of compassion, imagery variables, and self-criticism, as well as predicted compassion outcome (i.e., feeling positive attitudes toward others).

Conclusions

Our findings contribute to identifying two key components of high-quality meditation in CBM (i.e., mental imagery and somatic perception/response) for use in pedagogical development and further research and to offer a reliable self-report measure to assess them for the first time.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Compassion-Based Meditation Quality Practice and Its Impact on the Positive Attitudes Toward Others
Auteurs
Jaime Navarrete
Daniel Campos
Rebeca Diego-Pedro
Edgar González-Hernández
Rocío Herrero
Rosa M. Baños
Ausiàs Cebolla
Publicatiedatum
26-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 8/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01652-2