Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2013

01-02-2013 | Original Paper

Comparing Spoken Language Treatments for Minimally Verbal Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Rhea Paul, Daniel Campbell, Kimberly Gilbert, Ioanna Tsiouri

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2013

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Preschoolers with severe autism and minimal speech were assigned either a discrete trial or a naturalistic language treatment, and parents of all participants also received parent responsiveness training. After 12 weeks, both groups showed comparable improvement in number of spoken words produced, on average. Approximately half the children in each group achieved benchmarks for the first stage of functional spoken language development, as defined by Tager-Flusberg et al. (J Speech Lang Hear Res, 52: 643–652, 2009). Analyses of moderators of treatment suggest that joint attention moderates response to both treatments, and children with better receptive language pre-treatment do better with the naturalistic method, while those with lower receptive language show better response to the discrete trial treatment. The implications of these findings are discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference Aldred, C., Green, J., Emsley, R., & McConachie, H. (2012). Mediation of treatment effect in a communication intervention for preschool children with autism. Journal of Autism and Develomental Disorders, 42, 447–454. CrossRef Aldred, C., Green, J., Emsley, R., & McConachie, H. (2012). Mediation of treatment effect in a communication intervention for preschool children with autism. Journal of Autism and Develomental Disorders, 42, 447–454. CrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Baldwin, D., & Crowson, M. (1997). Do children with autism use the speaker’s direction of gaze strategy to crack the code of language? Child Development, 68, 48–57. PubMedCrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., Baldwin, D., & Crowson, M. (1997). Do children with autism use the speaker’s direction of gaze strategy to crack the code of language? Child Development, 68, 48–57. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bauer, D. J., & Curran, P. J. (2005). Probing interactions in fixed and multilevel regression: inferential and graphical techniques. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 40(3), 373–400. CrossRef Bauer, D. J., & Curran, P. J. (2005). Probing interactions in fixed and multilevel regression: inferential and graphical techniques. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 40(3), 373–400. CrossRef
go back to reference Christensen-Sandfort, R., & Whinnery, S. (2011). Impact of milieu teaching on Communication skills of young children with autism spectrum disorder. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education. Epub ahead of print. doi: 10.​1177/​0271121411404930​. Christensen-Sandfort, R., & Whinnery, S. (2011). Impact of milieu teaching on Communication skills of young children with autism spectrum disorder. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education. Epub ahead of print. doi: 10.​1177/​0271121411404930​.
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference DeLeon, I., & Iwata, B. (1996). Evaluation of a multiple-stimulus presentation format for assessing reinforcer preferences. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 519–532. PubMedCrossRef DeLeon, I., & Iwata, B. (1996). Evaluation of a multiple-stimulus presentation format for assessing reinforcer preferences. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 519–532. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Delprato, D. J. (2001). Comparisons of discrete-trial and normalized behavioral language intervention for young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 315–325. PubMedCrossRef Delprato, D. J. (2001). Comparisons of discrete-trial and normalized behavioral language intervention for young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 315–325. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fenson, L., Marchman, V., Thal, D., Dale, P., Reznick, J., & Bates, E. (2007). MacArthur-Bates communicative development inventories-III. Baltimore, MD: Brooks Publishing. Fenson, L., Marchman, V., Thal, D., Dale, P., Reznick, J., & Bates, E. (2007). MacArthur-Bates communicative development inventories-III. Baltimore, MD: Brooks Publishing.
go back to reference Fey, M. (1986). Language intervention with young children. San Diego, CA: College-Hill Press. Fey, M. (1986). Language intervention with young children. San Diego, CA: College-Hill Press.
go back to reference Gernsbacher, M. A., Sauer, E. A., Geye, H. M., Schweigert, E. K., & Goldsmith, H. H. (2008). Infant and toddler oral- and manual-motor skills predict later speech fluency in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 43–50. PubMedCrossRef Gernsbacher, M. A., Sauer, E. A., Geye, H. M., Schweigert, E. K., & Goldsmith, H. H. (2008). Infant and toddler oral- and manual-motor skills predict later speech fluency in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 43–50. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gotham, K., Risi, S., Dawson, G., Tager-Flusberg, H., Joseph, R., Carter, A., et al. (2008). A replication of the autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS) revised algorithms. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 642–651. PubMedCrossRef Gotham, K., Risi, S., Dawson, G., Tager-Flusberg, H., Joseph, R., Carter, A., et al. (2008). A replication of the autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS) revised algorithms. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 642–651. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hancock, T. B., & Kaiser, A. P. (2002). The effects of trainer-implemented enhanced milieu teaching on the social communication of children with autism. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 22, 39–54. CrossRef Hancock, T. B., & Kaiser, A. P. (2002). The effects of trainer-implemented enhanced milieu teaching on the social communication of children with autism. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 22, 39–54. CrossRef
go back to reference Hart, B., & Risley, T. (1975). Incidental teaching of language in the preschool. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8, 411–420. PubMedCrossRef Hart, B., & Risley, T. (1975). Incidental teaching of language in the preschool. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8, 411–420. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hester, P. P., Kaiser, A. P., Alpert, C. L., & Whiteman, B. (1995). The generalized effects of training trainers to teach parents to implement milieu teaching. Journal of Early Intervention, 20, 30–51. CrossRef Hester, P. P., Kaiser, A. P., Alpert, C. L., & Whiteman, B. (1995). The generalized effects of training trainers to teach parents to implement milieu teaching. Journal of Early Intervention, 20, 30–51. CrossRef
go back to reference Howlin, P. (2005). Outcomes in autism spectrum disorders. In F. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 201–222). New York, NY: Wiley. Howlin, P. (2005). Outcomes in autism spectrum disorders. In F. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 201–222). New York, NY: Wiley.
go back to reference Kaiser, A. (2010). Functional language. In M. Snell & F. Brown (Eds.), Instruction of students with severe disabilities (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Kaiser, A. (2010). Functional language. In M. Snell & F. Brown (Eds.), Instruction of students with severe disabilities (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
go back to reference Kaiser, A., Yoder, P., & Keetz, A. (1992). Evaluating milieu teaching. In S. Warren & J. Reichle (Eds.), Causes and effects in communication and language intervention (Vol. 1, pp. 9–48). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes. Kaiser, A., Yoder, P., & Keetz, A. (1992). Evaluating milieu teaching. In S. Warren & J. Reichle (Eds.), Causes and effects in communication and language intervention (Vol. 1, pp. 9–48). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.
go back to reference Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E., Leventhal, B., DiLavore, P., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule–generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with spectrum disorders. Journal of autism and childhood schizophrenia, 30, 205–223. CrossRef Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E., Leventhal, B., DiLavore, P., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule–generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with spectrum disorders. Journal of autism and childhood schizophrenia, 30, 205–223. CrossRef
go back to reference Lovaas, O. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of Consult ing Clinical Psychology, 55, 3–9. CrossRef Lovaas, O. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of Consult ing Clinical Psychology, 55, 3–9. CrossRef
go back to reference Mace, F., & Belfiore, P. (1990). Behavioral momentum in the treatment of escape-motivated stereotypy. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 23, 507–514. CrossRef Mace, F., & Belfiore, P. (1990). Behavioral momentum in the treatment of escape-motivated stereotypy. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 23, 507–514. CrossRef
go back to reference Mace, F., Lalli, J., Shea, M., Pinter, E., West, B., Roberts, M., et al. (1990). The momentum of human behavior in a natural setting. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 54, 163–172. CrossRef Mace, F., Lalli, J., Shea, M., Pinter, E., West, B., Roberts, M., et al. (1990). The momentum of human behavior in a natural setting. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 54, 163–172. CrossRef
go back to reference Meltzoff, A. (1988). Infant imitation after one week delay: Long-term memory for novel acts and multiple stimuli. Developmental Psychology, 24, 470–476. CrossRef Meltzoff, A. (1988). Infant imitation after one week delay: Long-term memory for novel acts and multiple stimuli. Developmental Psychology, 24, 470–476. CrossRef
go back to reference Mullen, E. M. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Services. Mullen, E. M. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Services.
go back to reference Mundy, P., Sigman, M., & Kasari, C. (1990). A longitudinal study of joint attention and language development in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 115–128. PubMedCrossRef Mundy, P., Sigman, M., & Kasari, C. (1990). A longitudinal study of joint attention and language development in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 115–128. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference National Research Council. (2001). Educating children with autism. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. (2001). Educating children with autism. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
go back to reference Nevin, J., Mandell, C., & Atak, J. (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49–59. CrossRef Nevin, J., Mandell, C., & Atak, J. (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49–59. CrossRef
go back to reference Owens, R. (2009). Language disorders: A functional approach to assessment and intervention (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Owens, R. (2009). Language disorders: A functional approach to assessment and intervention (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
go back to reference Paul, R. (2008). Intervention to improve communication in ASD. Clinics in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry of North America, 17, 835–856. CrossRef Paul, R. (2008). Intervention to improve communication in ASD. Clinics in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry of North America, 17, 835–856. CrossRef
go back to reference Paul, R. (2009). Talk to Me: Issues in acquiring spoken language for young children with autism spectrum disorders. ASHA Leader, 14(14), 10–13. Paul, R. (2009). Talk to Me: Issues in acquiring spoken language for young children with autism spectrum disorders. ASHA Leader, 14(14), 10–13.
go back to reference Paul, R., Chawarska, K., Cicchetti, D., & Volkmar, F. (2008). Language outcomes in toddlers with ASD: A 2 year follow-up. Autism Research, 1, 97–107. PubMedCrossRef Paul, R., Chawarska, K., Cicchetti, D., & Volkmar, F. (2008). Language outcomes in toddlers with ASD: A 2 year follow-up. Autism Research, 1, 97–107. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Paul, R., Chawarska, K., Fowler, C., Cicchetti, D., & Volkmar, F. (2007). Listen, my children and you shall hear: Auditory preferences in toddlers with ASD. Journal of Speech, Language, & Hearing Research, 50, 1350–1364. CrossRef Paul, R., Chawarska, K., Fowler, C., Cicchetti, D., & Volkmar, F. (2007). Listen, my children and you shall hear: Auditory preferences in toddlers with ASD. Journal of Speech, Language, & Hearing Research, 50, 1350–1364. CrossRef
go back to reference Paul, R., Fuerst, Y., Ramsay, G., Chawarska, K., & Klin, A. (2011). Out of the mouths of babes: Vocal production in infant siblings of children with ASD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 588–598. PubMedCrossRef Paul, R., Fuerst, Y., Ramsay, G., Chawarska, K., & Klin, A. (2011). Out of the mouths of babes: Vocal production in infant siblings of children with ASD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 588–598. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Paul, R., & Sutherland, D. (2005). Enhancing early language in children with autism spectrum disorders. In F. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 946–976). New York: Wiley. Paul, R., & Sutherland, D. (2005). Enhancing early language in children with autism spectrum disorders. In F. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 946–976). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interactions in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. CrossRef Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interactions in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. CrossRef
go back to reference Prelock, P., Paul, R., & Allen, E. (2011). Evidence-based treatments in communication for children with autism spectrum disorders. In F. Volkmar & B. Reichow (Eds.), Evidence-based treatments in autism spectrum disorders (pp. 93–170). N.Y.: Guilford Press. Prelock, P., Paul, R., & Allen, E. (2011). Evidence-based treatments in communication for children with autism spectrum disorders. In F. Volkmar & B. Reichow (Eds.), Evidence-based treatments in autism spectrum disorders (pp. 93–170). N.Y.: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Prizant, B. & Wetherby, A. (2005). Critical issues in enhancing communication ability for persons with autism spectrum disorders. In F. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin & D. Cohen (Eds.), (Third ed., Vol. 1, pp. 925-945). New York: Wiley. Prizant, B. & Wetherby, A. (2005). Critical issues in enhancing communication ability for persons with autism spectrum disorders. In F. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin & D. Cohen (Eds.), (Third ed., Vol. 1, pp. 925-945). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Reichow, B., & Wolery, M. (2009). Comprehensive synthesis of early intensive behavioral interventions for young children with autism based on the UCLA Young Autism Project model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 23–41. PubMedCrossRef Reichow, B., & Wolery, M. (2009). Comprehensive synthesis of early intensive behavioral interventions for young children with autism based on the UCLA Young Autism Project model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 23–41. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rogers, S. (2006). Evidence-based intervention for language development in young children with autism. In T. Charman & W. Stone (Eds.), Social and communication development in autism spectrum disorders: Early identification, diagnosis, and intervention (pp. 143–179). NY: Guilford. Rogers, S. (2006). Evidence-based intervention for language development in young children with autism. In T. Charman & W. Stone (Eds.), Social and communication development in autism spectrum disorders: Early identification, diagnosis, and intervention (pp. 143–179). NY: Guilford.
go back to reference Rogers, S., Cook, I., & Meryl, A. (2005). Imitation and play in autism. In V. F. R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 382–405). New York: Wiley. Rogers, S., Cook, I., & Meryl, A. (2005). Imitation and play in autism. In V. F. R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 382–405). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Rogers-Warren, A., & Warren, S. (1980). Mands for verbalization facilitating the display of newly trained language in children. Behavior Modification, 4, 361–382. CrossRef Rogers-Warren, A., & Warren, S. (1980). Mands for verbalization facilitating the display of newly trained language in children. Behavior Modification, 4, 361–382. CrossRef
go back to reference Ross, D. E., & Greer, R. D. (2003). Generalized imitation and the mand: Inducing first instances of speech in young children with autism. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 24, 58–74. PubMedCrossRef Ross, D. E., & Greer, R. D. (2003). Generalized imitation and the mand: Inducing first instances of speech in young children with autism. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 24, 58–74. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schoen, E., Paul, R., & Chawarska, K. (2009). Vocal production in toddlers with autism spectrum disorders. In R. Paul & P. Flipsen (Eds.), Child speech sound disorders: In honor of Lawrence Shriberg. San Diego: Plural Publishers. Schoen, E., Paul, R., & Chawarska, K. (2009). Vocal production in toddlers with autism spectrum disorders. In R. Paul & P. Flipsen (Eds.), Child speech sound disorders: In honor of Lawrence Shriberg. San Diego: Plural Publishers.
go back to reference Schoen, E., Paul, R., & Chawarska, K. (2011). Phonology and vocal behavior in toddlers with autism spectrum disorders. Autism Research, 4, 177–188. PubMedCrossRef Schoen, E., Paul, R., & Chawarska, K. (2011). Phonology and vocal behavior in toddlers with autism spectrum disorders. Autism Research, 4, 177–188. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shriberg, L., Paul, R., Black, L., & van Santen, J. (2011). The hypothesis of apraxia of speech in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 405–426. PubMedCrossRef Shriberg, L., Paul, R., Black, L., & van Santen, J. (2011). The hypothesis of apraxia of speech in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 405–426. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. Englewood Cliffs, ND: Prentice Hall. CrossRef Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. Englewood Cliffs, ND: Prentice Hall. CrossRef
go back to reference Smith, T. (2001). Discrete trial training in the treatment of autism. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 16, 86–92. CrossRef Smith, T. (2001). Discrete trial training in the treatment of autism. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 16, 86–92. CrossRef
go back to reference Sparrow, S., Cicchetti, D., & Balla, D. A. (2005). Vineland adaptive behavior scales—II. San Antonio, TX: Pearson Assessment. Sparrow, S., Cicchetti, D., & Balla, D. A. (2005). Vineland adaptive behavior scales—II. San Antonio, TX: Pearson Assessment.
go back to reference Spradlin, J., & Siegel, G. (1982). Language training in natural and clinical environments. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 47, 2–6. Spradlin, J., & Siegel, G. (1982). Language training in natural and clinical environments. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 47, 2–6.
go back to reference Stokes, T., & Baer, D. (1977). An implicit technology of generalization. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 349–367. PubMedCrossRef Stokes, T., & Baer, D. (1977). An implicit technology of generalization. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 349–367. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tager-Flusberg, H., Rogers, S., Cooper, J., Landa, R., Lord, C., Paul, R., et al. (2009). Defining spoken language benchmarks and selecting measures of expressive language development for young children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 52, 643–652. PubMedCrossRef Tager-Flusberg, H., Rogers, S., Cooper, J., Landa, R., Lord, C., Paul, R., et al. (2009). Defining spoken language benchmarks and selecting measures of expressive language development for young children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 52, 643–652. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tsiouri, I. (2002). Inducing vocal verbal behavior through rapid motor imitation responding. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 63(4-A). Tsiouri, I. (2002). Inducing vocal verbal behavior through rapid motor imitation responding. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 63(4-A).
go back to reference Tsiouri, I., & Greer, D. (2003). Inducing vocal verbal behavior in children with severe language delays through rapid motor imitation responding. Journal of Behavioral Education, 12, 185–206. CrossRef Tsiouri, I., & Greer, D. (2003). Inducing vocal verbal behavior in children with severe language delays through rapid motor imitation responding. Journal of Behavioral Education, 12, 185–206. CrossRef
go back to reference Tsiouri, I., & Paul, R. (2012). Rapid motor imitation antecedent (RMIA) training manual, research edition. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishers. In press. Tsiouri, I., & Paul, R. (2012). Rapid motor imitation antecedent (RMIA) training manual, research edition. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishers. In press.
go back to reference Tsiouri, I., Schoen, E., & Paul, R. (2012). Enhancing the application and evaluation of a discrete trial intervention package for eliciting first words in preverbal preschoolers with ASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, In press. Tsiouri, I., Schoen, E., & Paul, R. (2012). Enhancing the application and evaluation of a discrete trial intervention package for eliciting first words in preverbal preschoolers with ASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, In press.
go back to reference Velleman, S., Andrianopoulos, M., Boucher, M., Perkins, J., Averback, K., et al. (2009). Motor speech disorders in children. In R. Paul & P. Flipsen (Eds.), Speech sound disorders in children. San Diego: Plural Publishers. Velleman, S., Andrianopoulos, M., Boucher, M., Perkins, J., Averback, K., et al. (2009). Motor speech disorders in children. In R. Paul & P. Flipsen (Eds.), Speech sound disorders in children. San Diego: Plural Publishers.
go back to reference Warren, S., & Yoder, P. (1998). Facilitating the transition from preintentional to intentional communication. In A. Wetherby, S. Warren, & J. Reichle (Eds.), Transitions in prelinguistic communication (pp. 365–384). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes. Warren, S., & Yoder, P. (1998). Facilitating the transition from preintentional to intentional communication. In A. Wetherby, S. Warren, & J. Reichle (Eds.), Transitions in prelinguistic communication (pp. 365–384). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.
go back to reference Watt, N., Wetherby, A., & Shumway, S. (2006). Prelinguistic predictors of language outcome at 3 years of age. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 49, 1224–1237. CrossRef Watt, N., Wetherby, A., & Shumway, S. (2006). Prelinguistic predictors of language outcome at 3 years of age. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 49, 1224–1237. CrossRef
go back to reference Wetherby, A., & Prizant, B. (2003). Communication and symbolic behavior scales-developmental profile. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing. Wetherby, A., & Prizant, B. (2003). Communication and symbolic behavior scales-developmental profile. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing.
go back to reference Yoder, P., & Stone, W. (2006). Randomized comparison of two communication interventions for preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 426–435. PubMedCrossRef Yoder, P., & Stone, W. (2006). Randomized comparison of two communication interventions for preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 426–435. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Yoder, P., & Warren, S. F. (2002). Effects of prelinguistic milieu teaching and parent responsivity education on dyads involving children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 45, 1158–1174. PubMedCrossRef Yoder, P., & Warren, S. F. (2002). Effects of prelinguistic milieu teaching and parent responsivity education on dyads involving children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 45, 1158–1174. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Comparing Spoken Language Treatments for Minimally Verbal Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Rhea Paul
Daniel Campbell
Kimberly Gilbert
Ioanna Tsiouri
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2013
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1583-z