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09-05-2019

Comparing life satisfaction and functioning 15 years after September 11, 2001 among survivors with and without injuries: a mixed-method study

Auteurs: Lisa M. Gargano, Ho Ki Mok, Melanie H. Jacobson, Patricia Frazier, Sascha K. Garrey, Lysa J. Petrsoric, Robert M. Brackbill

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 10/2019

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Abstract

Purpose

This study compares life satisfaction and limited activity days among 9/11 survivors with and without physical injuries using quantitative and qualitative approaches.

Methods

The study population included World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees who reported being injured on 9/11 in 2003–2004 and a sample of non-injured enrollees who participated in a cross-sectional substudy. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine differences in life satisfaction and number of limited activity days in the last 30 days between those with and without injuries. The free-response section of the survey was analyzed qualitatively to compare themes of those with and without injuries.

Results

The final sample consisted of 2821 adult enrollees. Compared to those who were not injured, those who were injured on 9/11 were more likely to report being unsatisfied with their life (adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 1.5, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.1–2.0) and have 14 or more limited activity days in the last 30 days (AOR: 1.4, 95% CI 1.0–1.9). Among those who were injured, being partially or completely prevented from working increased the odds of being unsatisfied with life and having 14 or more limited activity days. In qualitative analysis, the emotional trauma experienced from 9/11 was a major and common theme, regardless of injury status. Those with injuries were more likely to express anger/lack of recognition/appreciation, describe substance use/abuse, and have financial/health care access issues.

Conclusions

More than 15 years after 9/11, those who were injured continue to be impacted, reporting lower life satisfaction and more functional impairment.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Comparing life satisfaction and functioning 15 years after September 11, 2001 among survivors with and without injuries: a mixed-method study
Auteurs
Lisa M. Gargano
Ho Ki Mok
Melanie H. Jacobson
Patricia Frazier
Sascha K. Garrey
Lysa J. Petrsoric
Robert M. Brackbill
Publicatiedatum
09-05-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 10/2019
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-019-02194-w

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