Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Evidence-based treatment must begin with the systematic and comprehensive identification of an individual’s complete clinical picture. Therefore, screening individuals with intellectual disability (ID) for comorbid disorders is imperative. Because of the frequent overlap between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and ID, the current study explored the effects of co-occurring ASD on the comorbid symptoms exhibited by adults with ID. The study included 307 adults with severe or profound ID separated into two groups: ASD+ID and ID only. The ASD+ID group exhibited significantly more symptomology on eight of the 12 subscales examined including anxiety, mania, schizophrenia, stereotypies/tics, self-injurious behavior, eating disorders, sexual disorders, and impulse control. Further, comparisons of specific symptom endorsements yielded distinct results.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Bamburg, J. W., Cherry, K. E., Matson, J. L., & Penn, D. (2001). Assessment of schizophrenia in persons with severe and profound mental retardation using the diagnostic assessment for the severely handicapped-II (DASH-II). Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 13(4), 319–331. CrossRef
Borthwick-Duffy, S. A., & Eyman, R. K. (1990). Who are the dually diagnosed? American Journal On Mental Retardation, 94(6), 586–595. PubMed
Evans, D. W., Canavera, K., Kleinpeter, F. L., Maccubbin, E., & Taga, K. (2005). The fears, phobias and anxieties of children with autism spectrum disorders and down syndrome: Comparisons with developmentally and chronologically age matched children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 36(1), 3–26. CrossRefPubMed
La Malfa, G., Lassi, S., Salvini, R., Giganti, C., Bertelli, M., & Albertini, G. (2007). The relationship between autism and psychiatric disorders in intellectually disabled adults. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1(3), 218–228. CrossRef
Matson, J. L. (1995). Diagnostic assessment for the severely handicapped revised (DASH-II). Baton Rouge, LA: Disability Consultants, LLC.
Perry, J., Allen, D. G., Pimm, C., Meek, A., Lowe, K., Groves, S., & Felce, D. (2013). Adults with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour: The costs and outcomes of in- and out-of-area placements: Costs and outcomes of in- and out-of-area placements. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 57(2), 139–152. CrossRefPubMed
Sawyer, A., Lake, J. K., Lunsky, Y., Liu, S.-K., & Desarkar, P. (2014). Psychopharmacological treatment of challenging behaviours in adults with autism and intellectual disabilities: A systematic review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(7), 803–813. CrossRef
- Comorbid Symptomology in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability
Paige E. Cervantes
Johnny L. Matson
- Springer US