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The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10865-010-9284-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
We investigated alcohol-related sexual risk behavior from the perspective of social norms theory. Adults (N = 895, 62% men) residing in a South African township completed street-intercept surveys that assessed risk and protective behaviors (e.g., multiple partners, drinking before sex, meeting sex partners in shebeens, condom use) and corresponding norms. Men consistently overestimated the actual frequency of risky behaviors, as reported by the sample, and underestimated the frequency of condom use. Relative to actual attitudes, men believed that other men were more approving of risk behavior and less approving of condom use. Both behavioral and attitudinal norms predicted the respondents’ self-reported risk behavior. These findings indicate that correcting inaccurate norms in HIV-risk reduction efforts is worthwhile.
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- Community norms for HIV risk behaviors among men in a South African township
Kate B. Carey
Lori A. J. Scott-Sheldon
Michael P. Carey
Leickness C. Simbayi
Seth C. Kalichman
- Springer US