Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The Test of Language Competence-Expanded Edition (TLC-E) was administered to children and adults with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Relative to controls, those with ASD were less competent on a range of TLC-E tasks. No differences were found for either child or adult ASD groups on any of the TLC-E measures when re-classified as Asperger syndrome (AS) and high functioning autism (HFA) using DSM-IV language criterion. Hierarchical cluster analyses of individuals with ASD identified subgroups within the spectrum. The use of developmental language history as an identifying marker in autism is questioned. The findings suggest that comprehensive language assessments on individuals with ASD can provide clinically relevant information regarding the heterogeneity of language skills within the autistic spectrum.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association [APA]. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington: APA.
Attwood, T. (1998). Asperger’s syndrome: A guide for parents and professionals. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Bishop, D. (2006). Exploring the boundaries of autistic disorder. Paper presented at the Communication Disorders in Childhood Conference-Children’s Hospital Education Research Institute, Westmead, Sydney, Australia.
Brown, L., Sherbenou, R. J., & Johnsen, S. K. (1990). Test of nonverbal intelligence (2nd ed.). Texas: Pro-Ed.
Dunn, L., & Dunn, G. (1981). Peabody picture vocabulary test (Revised ed.). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Dunn, L., Dunn, L., Whetton, C., & Burley, J. (1997). British picture vocabulary scale (Revised ed.). Slough, Bucks: NFER-Nelson Publishing Co.
Dunn, L., Dunn, L., Whetton, C., & Pintillie, D. (1982). British picture vocabulary scale. Slough, Bucks: NFER-Nelson Publishing Co.
Frith, U. (2003). Autism: Explaining the enigma (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Gardner, M. C. (1982). Expressive one word picture vocabulary test (Upper Extension). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Mayes, S. D., & Calhoun, S. L. (1999). Symptoms of autism in young children and correspondence with the DSM. Infants and Young Children, 12, 90–97. CrossRef
McCarthy, D. (1972). McCarthy scales of children’s ability. New York: Psychological Corporation.
Newcomer, P. L., & Hammill, D. D. (1988). Test of language development-2 primary. Austin, TX: Pro-ed.
Ramberg, C., Ehlers, S., Nyden, A., Johansson, M., & Gillberg, C. (1996). Language and pragmatic functions in school-age children on the autism spectrum. European Journal of Disorders of Communication, 31, 387–413. PubMed
Reynell, J. K., & Huntley, M. (1987). Reynell developmental language scales. Windsor, England: NFER-Nelson.
StatSoft, I. (1984–2004). Cluster analysis. Retrieved February 16, 2006, from http://www.statsoft.com/textbook/stcluan.html.
Szatmari, P., Bremner, R., & Nagy, J. (1989). Asperger’s syndrome: A review of clinical features. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 34(6), 554–560.
Tager-Flusberg, H. (2003). Effects of language and communicative deficits on learning and behavior. In M. Prior (Ed.), Learning and behavior problems in Asperger syndrome (pp. 85–103). New York: Guilford Press.
Wiig, E. H., & Secord, W. (1989). Test of language competence-expanded edition. New York: The Psychological Corporation.
Wing, L. (1989). The diagnosis of autism. In C. Gillberg (Ed.), Diagnosis and treatment of autism (pp. 5–22). New York: Plenum Press.
World Health Organisation. (1992). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: World Health Organization.
- Communicative Competence and Metalinguistic Ability: Performance by Children and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Fiona M. Lewis
Bruce E. Murdoch
Gail C. Woodyatt
- Springer US