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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 5/2020

30-09-2019

Combining a UV photo intervention with self-affirmation or self-compassion exercises: implications for skin protection

Auteurs: Charlotte J. Hagerman, Michelle L. Stock, Brianne K. Molloy, Janine B. Beekman, William M. P. Klein, Nicole Butler

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 5/2020

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Abstract

The current study tested whether self-affirmation or self-compassion exercises, shown to increase message acceptance, could maximize the benefit of a UV photo intervention on skin protection cognitions. College women (N = 167) were randomly assigned to: (1) view a UV photo or Black and White (no-UV) photo of their face and (2) write a self-affirmation, self-compassion, or neutral essay. Participants who saw their UV photo reported healthier cognitions, including greater perceived vulnerability and intentions to protect skin. Within the self-compassion condition, participants who saw their UV photo were also more likely to take the sunscreen packets offered. However, neither self-affirmation nor self-compassion enhanced the effect of the UV photo. Within the UV condition, women who completed these exercises had similar (and occasionally less healthy) cognitions and behavior as those who wrote a neutral essay. The benefits of self-affirmation and self-compassion in conjunction with health messages may be limited to higher risk groups who experience more message defensiveness than the current sample.
Voetnoten
1
The pattern of results did not change when analyses did not control for skin tone and past skin protection behavior.
 
2
We also conducted a sensitivity analysis using only White participants, who comprised 56.4% of our sample (N = 93). The pattern of results was generally the same for all analyses assessing cognitions (with two effects no longer significant: there was no interaction of writing and UV condition on mood, and no main effect of the UV photo on absent exempt thinking). For the analyses examining whether participants took a sunscreen packet or not, the interaction was significant (whereas with the entire sample, it is only marginally significant). The pattern of the simple effects remained the same.
 
3
We re-ran this analysis to examine skin protection intentions without the items measuring self-checking or skin checking by medical professionals (3 items, α = .75). The pattern of results remained the same. There was a significant main effect of the UV photo (F(2167) = 10.54, p = .001) on intentions, but no main effect of writing condition and no significant interaction.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Combining a UV photo intervention with self-affirmation or self-compassion exercises: implications for skin protection
Auteurs
Charlotte J. Hagerman
Michelle L. Stock
Brianne K. Molloy
Janine B. Beekman
William M. P. Klein
Nicole Butler
Publicatiedatum
30-09-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 5/2020
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00104-6