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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 7/2008

01-10-2008

Cognitive Vulnerability–Stress Model of Depression During Adolescence: Investigating Depressive Symptom Specificity in a Multi-Wave Prospective Study

Auteur: Benjamin L. Hankin

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 7/2008

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Abstract

Depression commonly co-occurs with anxiety and externalizing problems. Etiological factors from a central cognitive theory of depression, the Hopelessness Theory (Abramson et al. Psychological Review, 96, 358–372, 1989), were examined to evaluate whether a negative inferential style about cause, consequence, and self interacted with stressors over time to predict prospective elevations in depressive symptoms specifically compared with typically co-occurring symptoms. Negative inferential style was assessed at baseline in a sample of early and middle adolescents (N = 350, sixth to tenth graders). Measures of general depressive, anhedonic depressive, anxious arousal, general internalizing, and externalizing symptoms and occurrence of stressors were assessed at four time points over a 5-month period. Results using hierarchical linear modeling show that a negative inferential style interacted with negative events to predict prospective symptoms of general and anhedonic depression specifically but not anxious arousal, general internalizing or externalizing symptoms. Negative events predicted prospective elevations of symptoms of anxious arousal, internalizing, and externalizing problems.
Voetnoten
1
The equation used for level 1 model for symptoms over four time points:
$${\text{Symptoms}}_{tij} = B0_j + B1_j * \left( {{\text{Stress}}} \right) + B2 * \left( {{\text{Symptoms}}_{t - 1ij} } \right) + R_{ij} $$
Equations for level 2 models:
$$\begin{array}{*{20}c} {B0_j = G_{00} + G_{01} * \left( {{\text{ACSQ}}} \right) + U_{0j} } \\ {B1_j = G_{10} + G_{11} * \left( {{\text{ACSQ}}} \right) + U_{1j} } \\ {B2_j = G_{20} + U_{2j} } \\ \end{array} $$
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive Vulnerability–Stress Model of Depression During Adolescence: Investigating Depressive Symptom Specificity in a Multi-Wave Prospective Study
Auteur
Benjamin L. Hankin
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 7/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-008-9228-6