Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2021

12-05-2021 | Original Article

Cognitive Reactivity Related to Coping Behaviors: An Assessment of Explicit and Implicit Dimensions in Clinical Depression

Auteurs: Xiao-Miao Li, Keith S. Dobson

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 6/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Background

The differential activation hypothesis (Teasdale & Dent, 1987) proposes that negative cognitions in individuals with a history of depression are activated more easily by negative mood than individuals without this history. The change of cognitions due to mood change was termed cognitive reactivity. Negative cognitions might exist on both explicit and implicit dimensions.

Methods

This study examined the differential activation hypothesis on coping-related cognitions among people with a history of depression under different mood states in comparison with people who are currently depressed and those who have no history of depression. Coping-related cognitions were examined on both explicit and implicit dimensions. Currently depressed (n = 42), previously depressed (n = 61), and never depressed (n = 62) participants were tested on computer-based paradigms designed to measure depression, mood, and explicit and implicit cognitions.

Results

Explicit negatively biased cognitions on coping existed among currently depressed individuals and to some extent among previously depressed individuals. Explicit cognitive reactivity existed among previously depressed individuals for emotional-related content. Implicit cognitive compensation tendency existed among currently depressed individuals on negative coping while implicit cognitive reactivity existed among previously depressed individuals on positive coping.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated the existence of negatively biased cognitions and cognitive reactivity among people with a history of depression with coping-related contents, and on both explicit and implicit dimensions. The findings are consistent with the differential activation hypothesis.
Voetnoten
1
The original stressful life events scenarios were developed for college students. The stressful life events scenarios used in this study were adapted from the original scenarios to fit with the community sample in this study. Please write to the first author for a detailed description of the material development study.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. (5th ed.). American Psychiatric Publishing. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. (5th ed.). American Psychiatric Publishing.
go back to reference Barnes-Holmes, D., Barnes-Holmes, Y., Power, P., Hayden, E., Milne, R., & Stewart, I. (2006). Do you really know what you believe? Developing the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) as a direct measure of implicit beliefs. The Irish Psychologist, 32(7), 169–177 Barnes-Holmes, D., Barnes-Holmes, Y., Power, P., Hayden, E., Milne, R., & Stewart, I. (2006). Do you really know what you believe? Developing the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) as a direct measure of implicit beliefs. The Irish Psychologist, 32(7), 169–177
go back to reference Barnes-Holmes, D., Waldron, D., Barnes-Holmes, Y., & Stewart, I. (2009). Testing the validity of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure and the Implicit Association Test: Measuring attitudes toward Dublin and country life in Ireland. The Psychological Record, 59(3), 389–406 CrossRef Barnes-Holmes, D., Waldron, D., Barnes-Holmes, Y., & Stewart, I. (2009). Testing the validity of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure and the Implicit Association Test: Measuring attitudes toward Dublin and country life in Ireland. The Psychological Record, 59(3), 389–406 CrossRef
go back to reference Brody, D. J., Pratt, L. A., & Hughes, J. P. (2018). Prevalence of depression among adults aged 20 and over: United States, 2013–2016. NCHS Data Brief, 303, 1–8 Brody, D. J., Pratt, L. A., & Hughes, J. P. (2018). Prevalence of depression among adults aged 20 and over: United States, 2013–2016. NCHS Data Brief, 303, 1–8
go back to reference First, M. B., Williams, J. B. W., Karg, R. S., & Spitzer, R. L. (2015). Structured clinical interview for DSM-5-Research version (SCID-5 for DSM-5, research version; SCID-5-RV). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association, pp. 1–94. First, M. B., Williams, J. B. W., Karg, R. S., & Spitzer, R. L. (2015). Structured clinical interview for DSM-5-Research version (SCID-5 for DSM-5, research version; SCID-5-RV). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association, pp. 1–94.
go back to reference Greenberg, L. S. (2015). Emotion-focused therapy: Coaching clients to work through their feelings. (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association. Greenberg, L. S. (2015). Emotion-focused therapy: Coaching clients to work through their feelings. (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Hughes, S. J., & Barnes-Holmes, D. (2013). A functional approach to the study of implicit cognition: The IRAP and the REC model. In B. Roche & S. Dymond (Eds.), Advances in relational frame theory & contextual behavioural science: Research & applications (pp. 97–126). Context Press. Hughes, S. J., & Barnes-Holmes, D. (2013). A functional approach to the study of implicit cognition: The IRAP and the REC model. In B. Roche & S. Dymond (Eds.), Advances in relational frame theory & contextual behavioural science: Research & applications (pp. 97–126). Context Press.
go back to reference Levin, M. E., Hayes, S. C., & Waltz, T. (2010). Creating an implicit measure of cognition more suited to applied research: A test of the Mixed Trial—Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (MT-IRAP). International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 6(3), 245–262. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​h0100911 CrossRef Levin, M. E., Hayes, S. C., & Waltz, T. (2010). Creating an implicit measure of cognition more suited to applied research: A test of the Mixed Trial—Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (MT-IRAP). International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 6(3), 245–262. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​h0100911 CrossRef
go back to reference van Rijsbergen, G. D., Bockting, C. L., Burger, H., Spinhoven, P., Koeter, M. W., Ruhé, H. G., & Schene, A. H. (2013). Mood reactivity rather than cognitive reactivity is predictive of depressive relapse: A randomized study with 5.5-year follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81(3), 508–517. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0032223 CrossRefPubMed van Rijsbergen, G. D., Bockting, C. L., Burger, H., Spinhoven, P., Koeter, M. W., Ruhé, H. G., & Schene, A. H. (2013). Mood reactivity rather than cognitive reactivity is predictive of depressive relapse: A randomized study with 5.5-year follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81(3), 508–517. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0032223 CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive Reactivity Related to Coping Behaviors: An Assessment of Explicit and Implicit Dimensions in Clinical Depression
Auteurs
Xiao-Miao Li
Keith S. Dobson
Publicatiedatum
12-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 6/2021
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-021-10229-1

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2021

Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2021 Naar de uitgave