Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2016

28-01-2015

Cognitive Load Differentially Impacts Response Control in Girls and Boys with ADHD

Auteurs: Karen E. Seymour, Stewart H. Mostofsky, Keri S. Rosch

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) consistently show impaired response control, including deficits in response inhibition and increased intrasubject variability (ISV) compared to typically-developing (TD) children. However, significantly less research has examined factors that may influence response control in individuals with ADHD, such as task or participant characteristics. The current study extends the literature by examining the impact of increasing cognitive demands on response control in a large sample of 81children with ADHD (40 girls) and 100 TD children (47 girls), ages 8–12 years. Participants completed a simple Go/No-Go (GNG) task with minimal cognitive demands, and a complex GNG task with increased cognitive load. Results showed that increasing cognitive load differentially impacted response control (commission error rate and tau, an ex-Gaussian measure of ISV) for girls, but not boys, with ADHD compared to same-sex TD children. Specifically, a sexually dimorphic pattern emerged such that boys with ADHD demonstrated higher commission error rate and tau on both the simple and complex GNG tasks as compared to TD boys, whereas girls with ADHD did not differ from TD girls on the simple GNG task, but showed higher commission error rate and tau on the complex GNG task. These findings suggest that task complexity influences response control in children with ADHD in a sexually dimorphic manner. The findings have substantive implications for the pathophysiology of ADHD in boys versus girls with ADHD.
Voetnoten
1
To assess the impact of simple phobia on our results, we re-ran our primary analyses for tau and commission error rate excluding children diagnosed with specific phobia (ADHD = 11; TD = 6). Our results did not change for either tau or commission error rate.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Alderson, R. M., Rapport, M. D., & Kofler, M. J. (2007). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and behavioral inhibition: A meta-analytic review of the stop-signal paradigm. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 745–758. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-007-9131-6. PubMedCrossRef Alderson, R. M., Rapport, M. D., & Kofler, M. J. (2007). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and behavioral inhibition: A meta-analytic review of the stop-signal paradigm. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 745–758. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-007-9131-6. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Alderson, R. M., Rapport, M. D., Hudec, K. L., Sarver, D. E., & Kofler, M. J. (2010). Competing core processes in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Do working memory deficiencies underlie behavioral inhibition deficits? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 497–507. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-010-9387-0. PubMedCrossRef Alderson, R. M., Rapport, M. D., Hudec, K. L., Sarver, D. E., & Kofler, M. J. (2010). Competing core processes in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Do working memory deficiencies underlie behavioral inhibition deficits? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 497–507. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-010-9387-0. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Almeida Montes, L. G., Prado Alcantara, H., Martinez Garcia, R. B., De La Torre, L. B., Avila Acosta, D., & Duarte, M. G. (2013). Brain cortical thickness in ADHD: Age, sex, and clinical correlations. Journal of Attention Disorders, 17, 641–654. doi: 10.​1177/​1087054711434351​. PubMedCrossRef Almeida Montes, L. G., Prado Alcantara, H., Martinez Garcia, R. B., De La Torre, L. B., Avila Acosta, D., & Duarte, M. G. (2013). Brain cortical thickness in ADHD: Age, sex, and clinical correlations. Journal of Attention Disorders, 17, 641–654. doi: 10.​1177/​1087054711434351​. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostics and statistics manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostics and statistics manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
go back to reference Baddeley, A. (2007). Working memory, thought and action. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef Baddeley, A. (2007). Working memory, thought and action. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Balint, S., Czobor, P., Komlosi, S., Meszaros, A., Simon, V., & Bitter, I. (2009). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Gender- and age-related differences in neurocognition. Psychological Medicine, 39, 1337–1345. doi: 10.​1017/​S003329170800423​6. PubMedCrossRef Balint, S., Czobor, P., Komlosi, S., Meszaros, A., Simon, V., & Bitter, I. (2009). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Gender- and age-related differences in neurocognition. Psychological Medicine, 39, 1337–1345. doi: 10.​1017/​S003329170800423​6. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (1997). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 65–94. PubMedCrossRef Barkley, R. A. (1997). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 65–94. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Biederman, J., Monuteaux, M. C., Doyle, A. E., Seidman, L. J., Wilens, T. E., Ferrero, F., Morgan, C. L., & Faraone, S. V. (2004). Impact of executive function deficits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on academic outcomes in children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 757–766. PubMedCrossRef Biederman, J., Monuteaux, M. C., Doyle, A. E., Seidman, L. J., Wilens, T. E., Ferrero, F., Morgan, C. L., & Faraone, S. V. (2004). Impact of executive function deficits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on academic outcomes in children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 757–766. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brown, T. E., & Landgraf, J. M. (2010). Improvements in executive function correlate with enhanced performance and functioning and health-related quality of life: evidence from 2 large, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials in ADHD. Postgraduate Medicine, 122, 42–51. doi: 10.​3810/​pgm.​2010.​09.​2200. PubMedCrossRef Brown, T. E., & Landgraf, J. M. (2010). Improvements in executive function correlate with enhanced performance and functioning and health-related quality of life: evidence from 2 large, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials in ADHD. Postgraduate Medicine, 122, 42–51. doi: 10.​3810/​pgm.​2010.​09.​2200. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Castellanos, F. X., & Tannock, R. (2002). Neuroscience of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the search for endophenotypes. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 3, 617–628. doi: 10.​1038/​nrn896. PubMedCrossRef Castellanos, F. X., & Tannock, R. (2002). Neuroscience of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the search for endophenotypes. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 3, 617–628. doi: 10.​1038/​nrn896. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Chacko, A., Bedard, A. C., Marks, D. J., Feirsen, N., Uderman, J. Z., Chimiklis, A., Rajwan, E., Cornwell, M., Anderson, L., Zwilling, A., & Ramon, M. (2014). A randomized clinical trial of cogmed working memory training in school-age children with ADHD: a replication in a diverse sample using a control condition. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 247–255. doi: 10.​1111/​jcpp.​12146. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Chacko, A., Bedard, A. C., Marks, D. J., Feirsen, N., Uderman, J. Z., Chimiklis, A., Rajwan, E., Cornwell, M., Anderson, L., Zwilling, A., & Ramon, M. (2014). A randomized clinical trial of cogmed working memory training in school-age children with ADHD: a replication in a diverse sample using a control condition. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 247–255. doi: 10.​1111/​jcpp.​12146. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Coghill, D. R., Seth, S., Pedroso, S., Usala, T., Currie, J., & Gagliano, A. (2013). Effects of methylphenidate on cognitive functions in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: evidence from a systematic review and a meta-analysis. Biological Psychiatry, 76, 603–615. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​biopsych.​2013.​10.​005. PubMedCrossRef Coghill, D. R., Seth, S., Pedroso, S., Usala, T., Currie, J., & Gagliano, A. (2013). Effects of methylphenidate on cognitive functions in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: evidence from a systematic review and a meta-analysis. Biological Psychiatry, 76, 603–615. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​biopsych.​2013.​10.​005. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Conners, C. K. (2002). Conners’ rating scales- revised. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems, Inc. Conners, C. K. (2002). Conners’ rating scales- revised. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.
go back to reference Diamantopoulou, S., Rydell, A. M., Thorell, L. B., & Bohlin, G. (2007). Impact of executive functioning and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on children’s peer relations and school performance. Developmental Neuropsychology, 32, 521–542. doi: 10.​1080/​8756564070136098​1. PubMedCrossRef Diamantopoulou, S., Rydell, A. M., Thorell, L. B., & Bohlin, G. (2007). Impact of executive functioning and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on children’s peer relations and school performance. Developmental Neuropsychology, 32, 521–542. doi: 10.​1080/​8756564070136098​1. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dirlikov, B., Rosch, K.S.Crocetti, D., Denckla, M.B., Mahone, E.M., & Mostofsky, S.H. (2013). Distinct frontal lobe morphology in girls and boys with ADHD. Neuroimage: Clinical. Dirlikov, B., Rosch, K.S.Crocetti, D., Denckla, M.B., Mahone, E.M., & Mostofsky, S.H. (2013). Distinct frontal lobe morphology in girls and boys with ADHD. Neuroimage: Clinical.
go back to reference DuPaul, G. J., Power, T. J., Anastopoulos, A. D., & Reid, R. (1998). ADHD rating scale-IV. New York: Guilford Press. DuPaul, G. J., Power, T. J., Anastopoulos, A. D., & Reid, R. (1998). ADHD rating scale-IV. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Epstein, J. N., Langberg, J. M., Rosen, P. J., Graham, A., Narad, M. E., Antonini, T. N., Brinkman, W. B., Froehlich, T., Simon, J. O., & Altaye, M. (2011). Evidence for higher reaction time variability for children with ADHD on a range of cognitive tasks including reward and event rate manipulations. Neuropsychology, 25, 427–441. doi: 10.​1037/​a0022155. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Epstein, J. N., Langberg, J. M., Rosen, P. J., Graham, A., Narad, M. E., Antonini, T. N., Brinkman, W. B., Froehlich, T., Simon, J. O., & Altaye, M. (2011). Evidence for higher reaction time variability for children with ADHD on a range of cognitive tasks including reward and event rate manipulations. Neuropsychology, 25, 427–441. doi: 10.​1037/​a0022155. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Gershon, J. (2002). A meta-analytic review of gender differences in ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 5, 143–154. PubMedCrossRef Gershon, J. (2002). A meta-analytic review of gender differences in ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 5, 143–154. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gogtay, N., Giedd, J. N., Lusk, L., Hayashi, K. M., Greenstein, D., Vaituzis, A. C., Nugent, T. F., Herman, D. H., Clasen, L. S., Toga, A. W., Rapoport, J. L., & Thompson, P. M. (2004). Dynamic mapping of human cortical development during childhood through early adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101, 8174–8179. CrossRef Gogtay, N., Giedd, J. N., Lusk, L., Hayashi, K. M., Greenstein, D., Vaituzis, A. C., Nugent, T. F., Herman, D. H., Clasen, L. S., Toga, A. W., Rapoport, J. L., & Thompson, P. M. (2004). Dynamic mapping of human cortical development during childhood through early adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101, 8174–8179. CrossRef
go back to reference Gray, S. A., Chaban, P., Martinussen, R., Goldberg, R., Gotlieb, H., Kronitz, R., Hockenberry, M., & Tannock, R. (2012). Effects of a computerized working memory training program on working memory, attention, and academics in adolescents with severe LD and comorbid ADHD: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 1277–1284. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2012.​02592.​x. PubMedCrossRef Gray, S. A., Chaban, P., Martinussen, R., Goldberg, R., Gotlieb, H., Kronitz, R., Hockenberry, M., & Tannock, R. (2012). Effects of a computerized working memory training program on working memory, attention, and academics in adolescents with severe LD and comorbid ADHD: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 1277–1284. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2012.​02592.​x. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Green, C. T., Long, D. L., Green, D., Iosif, A. M., Dixon, J. F., Miller, M. R., Fassbender, C., & Schweitzer, J. B. (2012). Will working memory training generalize to improve off-task behavior in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Neurotherapeutics, 9, 639–648. doi: 10.​1007/​s13311-012-0124-y. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Green, C. T., Long, D. L., Green, D., Iosif, A. M., Dixon, J. F., Miller, M. R., Fassbender, C., & Schweitzer, J. B. (2012). Will working memory training generalize to improve off-task behavior in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Neurotherapeutics, 9, 639–648. doi: 10.​1007/​s13311-012-0124-y. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Guevremont, D., & Barkley, R. A. (1992). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. In S. R. Hooper, G. W. Hynd, & R. F. Mattison (Eds.), Child psychopathology: Diagnostic criteria and clinical assessment (pp. 137–178). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Guevremont, D., & Barkley, R. A. (1992). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. In S. R. Hooper, G. W. Hynd, & R. F. Mattison (Eds.), Child psychopathology: Diagnostic criteria and clinical assessment (pp. 137–178). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Hervey, A. S., Epstein, J. N., Curry, J. F., Tonev, S., Eugene Arnold, L., Keith Conners, C., Hinshaw, S. P., Swanson, J. M., & Hechtman, L. (2006). Reaction time distribution analysis of neuropsychological performance in an ADHD sample. Child Neuropsychology, 12, 125–140. doi: 10.​1080/​0929704050049908​1. PubMedCrossRef Hervey, A. S., Epstein, J. N., Curry, J. F., Tonev, S., Eugene Arnold, L., Keith Conners, C., Hinshaw, S. P., Swanson, J. M., & Hechtman, L. (2006). Reaction time distribution analysis of neuropsychological performance in an ADHD sample. Child Neuropsychology, 12, 125–140. doi: 10.​1080/​0929704050049908​1. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hodge, S. M., Makris, N., Kennedy, D. N., Caviness, V. S., Jr., Howard, J., McGrath, L., Steele, S., Frazier, J. A., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Harris, G. L. (2010). Cerebellum, language, and cognition in autism and specific language impairment. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 300–316. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-009-0872-7. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Hodge, S. M., Makris, N., Kennedy, D. N., Caviness, V. S., Jr., Howard, J., McGrath, L., Steele, S., Frazier, J. A., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Harris, G. L. (2010). Cerebellum, language, and cognition in autism and specific language impairment. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 300–316. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-009-0872-7. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Jensen, P. S., Hinshaw, S. P., Kraemer, H. C., Lenora, N., Newcorn, J. H., Abikoff, H. B., March, J. S., Arnold, L. E., Cantwell, D. P., Conners, C. K., Elliot, G. R., Greenhill, L. L., Hechtman, L., Hoza, B., Pelham, W. E., Severe, J. B., Swanson, J. M., Wells, K. C., Wigal, T., & Vitello, B. (2001). ADHD comorbidity findings from the MTA study: comparing comorbid subgroups. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 147–158. doi: 10.​1097/​00004583-200102000-00009. PubMedCrossRef Jensen, P. S., Hinshaw, S. P., Kraemer, H. C., Lenora, N., Newcorn, J. H., Abikoff, H. B., March, J. S., Arnold, L. E., Cantwell, D. P., Conners, C. K., Elliot, G. R., Greenhill, L. L., Hechtman, L., Hoza, B., Pelham, W. E., Severe, J. B., Swanson, J. M., Wells, K. C., Wigal, T., & Vitello, B. (2001). ADHD comorbidity findings from the MTA study: comparing comorbid subgroups. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 147–158. doi: 10.​1097/​00004583-200102000-00009. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Klingberg, T., Fernell, E., Olesen, P. J., Johnson, M., Gustafsson, P., Dahlstrom, K., Gillberg, C. G., Forssberg, H., & Westerberg, H. (2005). Computerized training of working memory in children with ADHD– A randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 177–186. doi: 10.​1097/​00004583-200502000-00010. PubMedCrossRef Klingberg, T., Fernell, E., Olesen, P. J., Johnson, M., Gustafsson, P., Dahlstrom, K., Gillberg, C. G., Forssberg, H., & Westerberg, H. (2005). Computerized training of working memory in children with ADHD– A randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 177–186. doi: 10.​1097/​00004583-200502000-00010. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kofler, M. J., Rapport, M. D., Bolden, J., Sarver, D. E., Raiker, J. S., & Alderson, R. M. (2011). Working memory deficits and social problems in children with ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 805–817. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-011-9492-8. PubMedCrossRef Kofler, M. J., Rapport, M. D., Bolden, J., Sarver, D. E., Raiker, J. S., & Alderson, R. M. (2011). Working memory deficits and social problems in children with ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 805–817. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-011-9492-8. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kofler, M. J., Alderson, R. M., Raiker, J. S., Bolden, J., Sarver, D. E., & Rapport, M. D. (2014). Working memory and intraindividual variability as neurocognitive indicators in ADHD: Examining competing model predictions. Neuropsychology, 28, 459–471. doi: 10.​1037/​neu0000050. PubMedCrossRef Kofler, M. J., Alderson, R. M., Raiker, J. S., Bolden, J., Sarver, D. E., & Rapport, M. D. (2014). Working memory and intraindividual variability as neurocognitive indicators in ADHD: Examining competing model predictions. Neuropsychology, 28, 459–471. doi: 10.​1037/​neu0000050. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kuntsi, J., Wood, A. C., Rijsdijk, F., Johnson, K. A., Andreou, P., Albrecht, B., Arias-Vasquez, A., Buitelaar, J. K., McLoughlin, G., Rommelse, N. N., Sergeant, J. A., Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Uebel, H., van der Meere, J. J., Banaschewski, T., Gill, M., Manor, I., Miranda, A., Mulas, F., Oades, R. D., Roeyers, H., Rothenberger, A., Steinhausen, H. C., Faraone, S. V., & Asherson, P. (2010). Separation of cognitive impairments in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder into 2 familial factors. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67, 1159–1167. doi: 10.​1001/​archgenpsychiatr​y.​2010.​139. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Kuntsi, J., Wood, A. C., Rijsdijk, F., Johnson, K. A., Andreou, P., Albrecht, B., Arias-Vasquez, A., Buitelaar, J. K., McLoughlin, G., Rommelse, N. N., Sergeant, J. A., Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Uebel, H., van der Meere, J. J., Banaschewski, T., Gill, M., Manor, I., Miranda, A., Mulas, F., Oades, R. D., Roeyers, H., Rothenberger, A., Steinhausen, H. C., Faraone, S. V., & Asherson, P. (2010). Separation of cognitive impairments in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder into 2 familial factors. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67, 1159–1167. doi: 10.​1001/​archgenpsychiatr​y.​2010.​139. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Lacouture, Y., & Cousineau, D. (2008). How to use MATLAB to fit the ex-Gaussian and other probability functions to a distribution of response times. Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 4, 35–45. Lacouture, Y., & Cousineau, D. (2008). How to use MATLAB to fit the ex-Gaussian and other probability functions to a distribution of response times. Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 4, 35–45.
go back to reference Leth-Steensen, C., Elbaz, Z. K., & Douglas, V. I. (2000). Mean response times, variability, and skew in the responding of ADHD children: a response time distributional approach. Acta Psychologica, 104, 167–190. PubMedCrossRef Leth-Steensen, C., Elbaz, Z. K., & Douglas, V. I. (2000). Mean response times, variability, and skew in the responding of ADHD children: a response time distributional approach. Acta Psychologica, 104, 167–190. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mahone, E. M., Ranta, M. E., Crocetti, D., O’Brien, J., Kaufmann, W. E., Denckla, M. B., & Mostofsky, S. M. (2011). Comprehensive examination of frontal regions in boys and girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 17, 1047–1057. doi: 10.​1017/​S135561771100105​6. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Mahone, E. M., Ranta, M. E., Crocetti, D., O’Brien, J., Kaufmann, W. E., Denckla, M. B., & Mostofsky, S. M. (2011). Comprehensive examination of frontal regions in boys and girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 17, 1047–1057. doi: 10.​1017/​S135561771100105​6. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Mostofsky, S. H., Cooper, K. L., Kates, W. R., Denckla, M. B., & Kaufmann, W. E. (2002). Smaller prefrontal and premotor volumes in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 785–794. PubMedCrossRef Mostofsky, S. H., Cooper, K. L., Kates, W. R., Denckla, M. B., & Kaufmann, W. E. (2002). Smaller prefrontal and premotor volumes in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 785–794. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mostofsky, S. H., Schafer, J. G., Abrams, M. T., Goldberg, M. C., Flower, A. A., Boyce, A., Courtney, S. M., Calhoun, V. D., Kraut, M. A., Denckla, M. B., & Pekar, J. J. (2003). fMRI evidence that the neural basis of response inhibition is task-dependent. Brain Research, 17, 419–430. PubMed Mostofsky, S. H., Schafer, J. G., Abrams, M. T., Goldberg, M. C., Flower, A. A., Boyce, A., Courtney, S. M., Calhoun, V. D., Kraut, M. A., Denckla, M. B., & Pekar, J. J. (2003). fMRI evidence that the neural basis of response inhibition is task-dependent. Brain Research, 17, 419–430. PubMed
go back to reference Peterson, D., Jacobson, L.A., Crocetti, D., Rosch, K.S., & Mostofsky, S.H. (2014). Premotor white matter integrity correlates with response control in males, but not females with ADHD. Poster presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping, Hamburg, Germany. Peterson, D., Jacobson, L.A., Crocetti, D., Rosch, K.S., & Mostofsky, S.H. (2014). Premotor white matter integrity correlates with response control in males, but not females with ADHD. Poster presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping, Hamburg, Germany.
go back to reference Rabbit, P. (1997). Methodology of frontal and executive function. East Sussex: Psychology Press. Rabbit, P. (1997). Methodology of frontal and executive function. East Sussex: Psychology Press.
go back to reference Raiker, J. S., Rapport, M. D., Kofler, M. J., & Sarver, D. E. (2012). Objectively-measured impulsivity and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Testing competing predictions from the working memory and behavioral inhibition models of ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 699–713. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-011-9607-2. PubMedCrossRef Raiker, J. S., Rapport, M. D., Kofler, M. J., & Sarver, D. E. (2012). Objectively-measured impulsivity and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Testing competing predictions from the working memory and behavioral inhibition models of ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 699–713. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-011-9607-2. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rapport, M. D., Alderson, R. M., Kofler, M. J., Sarver, D. E., Bolden, J., & Sims, V. (2008). Working memory deficits in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): the contribution of central executive and subsystem processes. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 825–837. PubMedCrossRef Rapport, M. D., Alderson, R. M., Kofler, M. J., Sarver, D. E., Bolden, J., & Sims, V. (2008). Working memory deficits in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): the contribution of central executive and subsystem processes. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 825–837. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Reich, W. (2000). Diagnostic interview for children and adolescents (DICA). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 59–66. PubMedCrossRef Reich, W. (2000). Diagnostic interview for children and adolescents (DICA). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 59–66. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schachar, R. J., Chen, S., Logan, G. D., Ornstein, T. J., Crosbie, J., Ickowicz, A., & Pakulak, A. (2004). Evidence for an error monitoring deficit in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 285–293. PubMedCrossRef Schachar, R. J., Chen, S., Logan, G. D., Ornstein, T. J., Crosbie, J., Ickowicz, A., & Pakulak, A. (2004). Evidence for an error monitoring deficit in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 285–293. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schmiedek, F., Oberauer, K., Wilhelm, O., Suss, H. M., & Wittmann, W. W. (2007). Individual differences in components of reaction time distributions and their relations to working memory and intelligence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136, 414–429. doi: 10.​1037/​0096-3445.​136.​3.​414. CrossRef Schmiedek, F., Oberauer, K., Wilhelm, O., Suss, H. M., & Wittmann, W. W. (2007). Individual differences in components of reaction time distributions and their relations to working memory and intelligence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136, 414–429. doi: 10.​1037/​0096-3445.​136.​3.​414. CrossRef
go back to reference Schneier, F. R., Vidair, H. B., Vogel, L. R., & Muskin, P. R. (2014). Anxiety, obsessive-compulsive and stress disorders. In J. L. Cutler (Ed.), Psychiatry (pp. 168–203). New York: Oxford University Press. Schneier, F. R., Vidair, H. B., Vogel, L. R., & Muskin, P. R. (2014). Anxiety, obsessive-compulsive and stress disorders. In J. L. Cutler (Ed.), Psychiatry (pp. 168–203). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Seidman, L. J., Biederman, J., Monuteaux, M. C., Valera, E., Doyle, A. E., & Faraone, S. V. (2005). Impact of gender and age on executive functioning: Do girls and boys with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder differ neuropsychologically in preteen and teenage years? Developmental Neuropsychology, 27, 79–105. doi: 10.​1207/​s15326942dn2701_​4. PubMedCrossRef Seidman, L. J., Biederman, J., Monuteaux, M. C., Valera, E., Doyle, A. E., & Faraone, S. V. (2005). Impact of gender and age on executive functioning: Do girls and boys with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder differ neuropsychologically in preteen and teenage years? Developmental Neuropsychology, 27, 79–105. doi: 10.​1207/​s15326942dn2701_​4. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Seymour, K.E., Tang, X., Crocetti, D., Nettles, C., Miller, M.I., & Mostofsky, S.H. (2014). Amygdala and Hippocampal Volumes in ADHD: The Importance of Sex. Poster presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping, Hamburg, Germany. Seymour, K.E., Tang, X., Crocetti, D., Nettles, C., Miller, M.I., & Mostofsky, S.H. (2014). Amygdala and Hippocampal Volumes in ADHD: The Importance of Sex. Poster presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping, Hamburg, Germany.
go back to reference Shaw, P., Lerch, J., Greenstein, D., Sharp, W., Clasen, L., Evans, A., Giedd, J., Castellanos, F. X., & Rapoport, J. (2006). Longitudinal mapping of cortical thickness and clinical outcome in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 540–549. doi: 10.​1001/​archpsyc.​63.​5.​540. PubMedCrossRef Shaw, P., Lerch, J., Greenstein, D., Sharp, W., Clasen, L., Evans, A., Giedd, J., Castellanos, F. X., & Rapoport, J. (2006). Longitudinal mapping of cortical thickness and clinical outcome in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 540–549. doi: 10.​1001/​archpsyc.​63.​5.​540. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Simmonds, D. J., Hallquist, M. N., Asato, M., & Luna, B. (2013). Developmental stages and sex differences of white matter and behavioral development through adolescence: a longitudinal diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study. NeuroImage, 92c, 356–368. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​neuroimage.​2013.​12.​044. Simmonds, D. J., Hallquist, M. N., Asato, M., & Luna, B. (2013). Developmental stages and sex differences of white matter and behavioral development through adolescence: a longitudinal diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study. NeuroImage, 92c, 356–368. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​neuroimage.​2013.​12.​044.
go back to reference Sonuga-Barke, E. J. (2002). Psychological heterogeneity in AD/HD–A dual pathway model of behaviour and cognition. Behavioural Brain Research, 130, 29–36. PubMedCrossRef Sonuga-Barke, E. J. (2002). Psychological heterogeneity in AD/HD–A dual pathway model of behaviour and cognition. Behavioural Brain Research, 130, 29–36. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sonuga-Barke, E. J., & Castellanos, F. X. (2007). Spontaneous attentional fluctuations in impaired states and pathological conditions: a neurobiological hypothesis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 31, 977–986. CrossRef Sonuga-Barke, E. J., & Castellanos, F. X. (2007). Spontaneous attentional fluctuations in impaired states and pathological conditions: a neurobiological hypothesis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 31, 977–986. CrossRef
go back to reference Sowell, E. R., Thompson, P. M., Leonard, C. M., Welcome, S. E., Kan, E., & Toga, A. W. (2004). Longitudinal mapping of cortical thickness and brain growth in normal children. Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 8223–8231. PubMedCrossRef Sowell, E. R., Thompson, P. M., Leonard, C. M., Welcome, S. E., Kan, E., & Toga, A. W. (2004). Longitudinal mapping of cortical thickness and brain growth in normal children. Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 8223–8231. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sowell, E. R., Peterson, B. S., Kan, E., Woods, R. P., Yoshii, J., Bansal, R., Xu, D., Zhu, H., Thompson, P. M., & Toga, A. W. (2006). Sex differences in cortical thickness mapped in 176 healthy individuals between 7 and 87 years of Age. Cerebral Cortex, 17, 1550–1560. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Sowell, E. R., Peterson, B. S., Kan, E., Woods, R. P., Yoshii, J., Bansal, R., Xu, D., Zhu, H., Thompson, P. M., & Toga, A. W. (2006). Sex differences in cortical thickness mapped in 176 healthy individuals between 7 and 87 years of Age. Cerebral Cortex, 17, 1550–1560. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Tang, X. (2014). Sex-dependent basal ganglia abnormalities in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Poster presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping, Hamburg, Germany. Tang, X. (2014). Sex-dependent basal ganglia abnormalities in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Poster presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping, Hamburg, Germany.
go back to reference Uebel, H., Albrecht, B., Asherson, P., Borger, N. A., Butler, L., Chen, W., Christiansen, H., Heise, A., Schafer, U., Andreou, P., Manor, I., Marco, R., Miranda, A., Mulligan, A., Oades, R. D., van der Meere, J., Faraone, S. V., Rothenberger, A., & Banaschewski, T. (2010). Performance variability, impulsivity errors and the impact of incentives as gender-independent endophenotypes for ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 210–218. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2009.​02139.​x. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Uebel, H., Albrecht, B., Asherson, P., Borger, N. A., Butler, L., Chen, W., Christiansen, H., Heise, A., Schafer, U., Andreou, P., Manor, I., Marco, R., Miranda, A., Mulligan, A., Oades, R. D., van der Meere, J., Faraone, S. V., Rothenberger, A., & Banaschewski, T. (2010). Performance variability, impulsivity errors and the impact of incentives as gender-independent endophenotypes for ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 210–218. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2009.​02139.​x. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. L. (2002). Wechsler individual achievement test-II. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. L. (2002). Wechsler individual achievement test-II. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Wechsler, D. L. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children (4th ed.). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. L. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children (4th ed.). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Willcutt, E., Sonuga-Barke, E., Nigg, J., & Sergeant, J. (2008). Recent developments in neuropsychological models of child psychiatric disorders. In T. Banaschewski & L. A. Rohde (Eds.), Biological child psychiatry: recent trends and developments (Vol. 24, pp. 194–226). Basel: Karger. Willcutt, E., Sonuga-Barke, E., Nigg, J., & Sergeant, J. (2008). Recent developments in neuropsychological models of child psychiatric disorders. In T. Banaschewski & L. A. Rohde (Eds.), Biological child psychiatry: recent trends and developments (Vol. 24, pp. 194–226). Basel: Karger.
go back to reference Willcutt, E., Nigg, J. T., Pennington, B. F., Solanto, M. V., Rohde, L. A., Tannock, R., et al. (2012). Validity of DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom dimensions and subtypes. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121, 991–1010. doi: 10.​1037/​a0027347. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Willcutt, E., Nigg, J. T., Pennington, B. F., Solanto, M. V., Rohde, L. A., Tannock, R., et al. (2012). Validity of DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom dimensions and subtypes. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121, 991–1010. doi: 10.​1037/​a0027347. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Wodka, E. L., Mahone, E. M., Blankner, J. G., Larson, J. C., Fotedar, S., Denckla, M. B., et al. (2007). Evidence that response inhibition is a primary deficit in ADHD. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 29, 345–356. doi: 10.​1080/​1380339060067804​6. PubMedCrossRef Wodka, E. L., Mahone, E. M., Blankner, J. G., Larson, J. C., Fotedar, S., Denckla, M. B., et al. (2007). Evidence that response inhibition is a primary deficit in ADHD. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 29, 345–356. doi: 10.​1080/​1380339060067804​6. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive Load Differentially Impacts Response Control in Girls and Boys with ADHD
Auteurs
Karen E. Seymour
Stewart H. Mostofsky
Keri S. Rosch
Publicatiedatum
28-01-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2016
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-015-9976-z

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2016

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2016 Naar de uitgave