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01-08-2014 | Brief Report | Uitgave 4/2014

Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2014

Cognitive Distortions and Suicide Attempts

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 4/2014
Auteurs:
Shari Jager-Hyman, Amy Cunningham, Amy Wenzel, Stephanie Mattei, Gregory K. Brown, Aaron T. Beck
Belangrijke opmerkingen
A subset of these data was previously presented at the Annual Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies Convention.

Abstract

Although theorists have posited that suicidal individuals are more likely than non-suicidal individuals to experience cognitive distortions, little empirical work has examined whether those who recently attempted suicide are more likely to engage in cognitive distortions than those who have not recently attempted suicide. In the present study, 111 participants who attempted suicide in the 30 days prior to participation and 57 psychiatric control participants completed measures of cognitive distortions, depression, and hopelessness. Findings support the hypothesis that individuals who recently attempted suicide are more likely than psychiatric controls to experience cognitive distortions, even when controlling for depression and hopelessness. Fortune telling was the only cognitive distortion uniquely associated with suicide attempt status. However, fortune telling was no longer significantly associated with suicide attempt status when controlling for hopelessness. Findings underscore the importance of directly targeting cognitive distortions when treating individuals at risk for suicide .

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