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01-08-2012 | Uitgave 6/2012

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 6/2012

Cognitive Development Masks Support for Attributional Style Models of Depression in Children and Adolescents

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 6/2012
Auteurs:
Amy S. Weitlauf, David A. Cole
Belangrijke opmerkingen
This research was supported by a gift from Patricia and Rodes Hart, by support from the Warren Family Foundation, and by grants from NICHD: 1R01HD059891 to David A. Cole and P30HD15052 to the Kennedy Center of Vanderbilt University. We are grateful to Amy Jacky for her tireless help throughout this project.

Abstract

Attributional style models of depression in adults (Abramson et al. 1989, 1978) have been adapted for use with children; however, most applications do not consider that children’s understanding of causal relations may be qualitatively different from that of adults. If children’s causal attributions depend on children’s level of cognitive development, then support for attributional models of depression in young people will vary with cognitive development. In this paper, a new measure of cognitive development, the Peabody Causal Reasoning Test (PCRT), is introduced to assess children’s understanding of ability versus effort, task difficulty, and luck as causal factors. Analyses revealed that in 8- to 16-year-old children, failure to control for level of cognitive development suppressed empirical support for cognitive diathesis-stress models of depression. Statistically controlling for measures of cognitive development strengthened support for this model.

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10802_2012_9617_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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