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21-09-2020 | Original Article

Cognitive Control Training in Healthy Older Adults: A Proof of Concept Study on the Effects on Cognitive Functioning, Emotion Regulation and Affect

Auteurs: Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, Ineke Demeyer, Leila Van Imschoot, Kristof Hoorelbeke, Rudi De Raedt

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 5/2021

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Abstract

Background

The current study sets out to explore the influence of a well-studied cognitive control training (CCT) procedure on cognitive control processes, emotion regulation (ER) and self-reported affect in older adults.

Methods

Thirty-nine healthy older adults (aged 64–78) participated in a randomized controlled proof-of-concept trial. Twenty-one of these participants performed 10 sessions of CCT that loads on working memory and sustained attention, the other eighteen performed 10 sessions of an active placebo training.

Results

CCT beneficially impacted task-specific transfer, but the training did not result in transfer to an unrelated cognitive control task (Stroop task). In addition, no effects were observed on ER processes or affect changes immediately following training, nor at 6 weeks follow-up.

Conclusion

At this point, the CCT seems not suitable to enhance cognitive resilience factors in older non-depressed individuals. However, there is need for more research on possible moderators of the effects, as well as larger-scale studies with longer follow-up measurements.
Voetnoten
1
This study was part of a larger project, also investigating the relationship between ageing, proactive control and attentional bias. Therefore, the AX-CPT (measured before the intervention), the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF, measured before and after the intervention) and the eye tracking task with emotional stimuli (measured after the intervention) were also collected but data will not be presented in the current manuscript. Analyses of the BRIEF revealed no effect of the intervention, completely in line with the reported null-finding in the current paper. Due to various technical reasons, we are unable to annotate each daily training data file to every specific participant during the home-based trainings sessions. Hence, the link between training performance and outcome measures could not be investigated.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive Control Training in Healthy Older Adults: A Proof of Concept Study on the Effects on Cognitive Functioning, Emotion Regulation and Affect
Auteurs
Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt
Ineke Demeyer
Leila Van Imschoot
Kristof Hoorelbeke
Rudi De Raedt
Publicatiedatum
21-09-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 5/2021
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10154-9

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