Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

12-04-2019 | Original Article

Cognitive control processes associated with successful gait performance in dual-task walking in healthy young adults

Auteurs: Tino Stöckel, Anett Mau-Moeller

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 6/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Growing evidence suggests that the reliance on cognitive control processes during normal walking increases as the locomotor task gets more complex and challenging. The aims of the present study were to explore the (negative) effects of smartphone gaming on gait performance in healthy young adults, and to identify cognitive resources that might help to maintain high gait performance during dual-task walking. Gait speed and gait variability during walking at a self-selected comfortable speed were assessed in 40 healthy, young adults, and compared between single-task and dual-task walking (i.e., concurrent smartphone gaming) in undisturbed, simple and more challenging walking environments (i.e., stepping over an obstacle while walking). Based on single-task performance, dual-tasking costs were computed and linked to higher-level cognitive control processes, which were assessed for each individual. Cognitive function testing encompassed tests on the mental representation of the gait, working memory capacity, inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility. Our data revealed that gaming on a smartphone while walking strongly affected participants’ gait performance (i.e., up to 26.8% lower gait speed and 60.2% higher gait variability), and decrements in gait performance were related to higher cognitive control processes. Cognitive resources that were associated with performance decrements in dual-task walking include response inhibition, cognitive flexibility, working memory, and a well-structured mental representation of the gait. From that, it appears that even in healthy young adults better cognitive resources may help to maintain high gait performance in situations, in which we have to deal with dual- or multi-task demands (e.g., using a smartphone) while walking.
Literatuur
go back to reference Corsi, P. M. (1972). Human memory and the medial temporal region of the brain (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from McGill University (PID 70754). Corsi, P. M. (1972). Human memory and the medial temporal region of the brain (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from McGill University (PID 70754).
go back to reference Gläscher, J., Adolphs, R., Damasio, H., Bechara, A., Rudrauf, D., Calamia, M., & Tranel, D. (2012). Lesion mapping of cognitive control and value-based decision making in the prefrontal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,109(36), 14681–14686. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1206608109.CrossRef Gläscher, J., Adolphs, R., Damasio, H., Bechara, A., Rudrauf, D., Calamia, M., & Tranel, D. (2012). Lesion mapping of cognitive control and value-based decision making in the prefrontal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,109(36), 14681–14686. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1073/​pnas.​1206608109.CrossRef
go back to reference Holtzer, R., Mahoney, J. R., Izzetoglu, M., Izzetoglu, K., Onaral, B., & Verghese, J. (2011). fNIRS study of walking and walking while talking in young and old individuals. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences,66A(8), 879–887. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glr068.CrossRef Holtzer, R., Mahoney, J. R., Izzetoglu, M., Izzetoglu, K., Onaral, B., & Verghese, J. (2011). fNIRS study of walking and walking while talking in young and old individuals. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences,66A(8), 879–887. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1093/​gerona/​glr068.CrossRef
go back to reference Jacksteit, R., Mau-Moeller, A., Behrens, M., Bader, R., Mittelmeier, W., Skripitz, R., & Stöckel, T. (2018). The mental representation of the human gait in patients with severe knee osteoarthrosis: A clinical study to aid understanding of impairment and disability. Clinical Rehabilitation,32(1), 103–115. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215517719312.CrossRefPubMed Jacksteit, R., Mau-Moeller, A., Behrens, M., Bader, R., Mittelmeier, W., Skripitz, R., & Stöckel, T. (2018). The mental representation of the human gait in patients with severe knee osteoarthrosis: A clinical study to aid understanding of impairment and disability. Clinical Rehabilitation,32(1), 103–115. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1177/​0269215517719312​.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jacksteit, R., Mau-Moeller, A., Völker, A., Bader, R., Mittelmeier, W., Skripitz, R., & Stöckel, T. (2019). The mental representation of the human gait in hip osteoarthrosis and total hip arthroplasty patients: A clinical cross-sectional study. Clinical Rehabilitation,33(2), 335–344.CrossRef Jacksteit, R., Mau-Moeller, A., Völker, A., Bader, R., Mittelmeier, W., Skripitz, R., & Stöckel, T. (2019). The mental representation of the human gait in hip osteoarthrosis and total hip arthroplasty patients: A clinical cross-sectional study. Clinical Rehabilitation,33(2), 335–344.CrossRef
go back to reference Kressig, R. W., & Beauchet, O. (2006). Guidelines for clinical applications of spatio-temporal gait analysis in older adults. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research,18(2), 174–176.CrossRef Kressig, R. W., & Beauchet, O. (2006). Guidelines for clinical applications of spatio-temporal gait analysis in older adults. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research,18(2), 174–176.CrossRef
go back to reference Pashler, H., & Johnston, J. C. (1998). Attentional limitations in dual-task performance. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Attention (pp. 155–189). Hove, England: Psychology Press/Erlbaum (UK) Taylor & Francis. Pashler, H., & Johnston, J. C. (1998). Attentional limitations in dual-task performance. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Attention (pp. 155–189). Hove, England: Psychology Press/Erlbaum (UK) Taylor & Francis.
go back to reference Sánchez-Cubillo, I., Periáñez, J. A., Adrover-Roig, D., Rodríguez-Sánchez, J. M., Ríos-Lago, M., Tirapu, J., & Barceló, F. (2009). Construct validity of the trail making test: Role of task-switching, working memory, inhibition/interference control, and visuomotor abilities. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society,15, 438–450. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617709090626.CrossRefPubMed Sánchez-Cubillo, I., Periáñez, J. A., Adrover-Roig, D., Rodríguez-Sánchez, J. M., Ríos-Lago, M., Tirapu, J., & Barceló, F. (2009). Construct validity of the trail making test: Role of task-switching, working memory, inhibition/interference control, and visuomotor abilities. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society,15, 438–450. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1017/​S135561770909062​6.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Schack, T. (2012). A method for measuring mental representation. In G. Tenenbaum & B. Eklund (Eds.), Handbook of measurement in sport (pp. 203–214). Champaign, Ill: Human Kinetics. Schack, T. (2012). A method for measuring mental representation. In G. Tenenbaum & B. Eklund (Eds.), Handbook of measurement in sport (pp. 203–214). Champaign, Ill: Human Kinetics.
go back to reference Woollacott, M., & Shumway-Cook, A. (2002). Attention and the control of posture and gait: A review of an emerging area of research. Gait & Posture,16(1), 1–14.CrossRef Woollacott, M., & Shumway-Cook, A. (2002). Attention and the control of posture and gait: A review of an emerging area of research. Gait & Posture,16(1), 1–14.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive control processes associated with successful gait performance in dual-task walking in healthy young adults
Auteurs
Tino Stöckel
Anett Mau-Moeller
Publicatiedatum
12-04-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 6/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01184-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2020

Psychological Research 6/2020 Naar de uitgave