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01-12-2014 | Original Article | Uitgave 6/2014

Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2014

Cognitive Bias Modification Training in Adolescents: Persistence of Training Effects

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 6/2014
Auteurs:
Stefano R. Belli, Jennifer Y. F. Lau

Abstract

Negative biases in the interpretation of social information are associated with anxious symptoms in adolescents. Previous studies have attempted to modify interpretive biases to alleviate anxious mood responses but the longevity of such training effects has not been established. A cognitive bias modification of interpretations (CBM-I) paradigm was administered to sixty-nine 15–17 year-olds. Participants were either trained to interpret ambiguous social situations positively, or received control training that contained no emotional content. Participants showed significantly weaker endorsement of negative interpretations of novel ambiguous information following positive training than following control. Positive CBM-I training effects on interpretation did not differ between a group tested immediately following training and one tested 24 h later. Results provided no evidence of differential changes in state anxiety as a direct result of CBM-I training. The persistence of training effects of suppressing negative biases for ambiguous social information is encouraging for future work that might use bias-training methods in adolescents as buffers against negative emotional responses.

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