Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2016

25-06-2016 | Original Article

Cognitive Bias Modification to Enhance Resilience to a Panic Challenge

Auteurs: Jessica R. Beadel, Andrew Mathews, Bethany A. Teachman

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 6/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study tested an intervention to enhance resilience among people at risk for developing panic disorder. Participants (N = 50) high in anxiety sensitivity (fear of anxiety symptoms) were randomly assigned to either four sessions of resilience-enhancing interpretation bias modification (CBM-I) or a control (Sham) condition. Following the intervention, participants engaged in a 7.5 % steady state carbon dioxide (CO2) breathing challenge, an established panic stressor. In line with hypotheses, CBM-I resulted in an increase in resilience-congruent interpretations (though no change for general panic interpretation bias) at post-training, and a trend for a greater reduction in anxiety sensitivity at 2-month follow-up. Additionally, CBM-I resulted in less intense cognitive symptoms of panic during the CO2 challenge, though not less intense physical or total panic symptoms. These results, though somewhat mixed, provide preliminary support for the value of training resilience using CBM-I.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
The Panic Attack Coping Questionnaire was administered after the CO2 challenge, but is not included in the analyses because it is not central to the current hypotheses. Similarly, an exploratory assessment of willingness to volunteer for future studies that involve participation in the CO2 challenge is not discussed here, but full details are available from the first author.
 
2
This measure was initially conceptualized as an outcome measure, but multiple readers of an earlier draft raised questions about the validity of construing a general measure of resilience that is designed to reflect long-standing patterns of adapting to stress as an outcome measure in this context where outcomes are assessed immediately following training and training is specific to anxiety sensitivity/panic resilience.
 
3
PDSS was administered at baseline, post-training, and follow-up, but due to the skip pattern in the measure (i.e., you do not provide severity ratings if you have not had a past history of a full-blown panic attack), only 16 participants completed the full measure at all three time points, so the measure could not be used to assess outcomes. However, the baseline assessment is retained for the information it provides about the presence of reported panic attack history in this high-risk sample.
 
4
The overall pattern of results without trait resilience as a covariate remained mostly the same with some differences. Consistent with the current findings, there was no condition by time interaction for the BBSIQ-Phys, but the four-way interaction for Recognition Ratings was significant with the direction of follow-up remaining the same. When not including the covariate, there was no interaction between condition and time for the ASI. The results from the CO2 breathing challenge were also largely the same, with a significant quadratic time by condition interaction for the SUDS variable and a main effect of condition for the DSQ cognitive variable, while no effects involving condition were detected for the DSQ sum variable. Additionally, when not including the covariate, there was a non-significant trend for a main effect for the DSQ physical variable.
 
5
Secondary analyses were conducted on the full sample with the ASI score at Session 1 as a covariate, and findings were less pronounced. While the condition by time interactions for both positive and negative Recognition Ratings were significant in the expected directions (p’s <.05), there was no longer an effect involving condition for the ASI. With regard to the CO2 challenge, there was no longer an effect of training for the DSQ cognitive variable, though the interaction for SUDS was still present (at the level of a trend).
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Bailey, J. E., Kendrick, A., Diaper, A., Potokar, J. P., & Nutt, D. J. (2007). A validation of the 7.5% CO 2 model of GAD using paroxetine and lorazepam in healthy volunteers. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 21, 42–49. PubMedCrossRef Bailey, J. E., Kendrick, A., Diaper, A., Potokar, J. P., & Nutt, D. J. (2007). A validation of the 7.5% CO 2 model of GAD using paroxetine and lorazepam in healthy volunteers. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 21, 42–49. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S. (2015). Fitting linear mixed-effect models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67, 1–48. CrossRef Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S. (2015). Fitting linear mixed-effect models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67, 1–48. CrossRef
go back to reference Beard, C., & Amir, N. (2008). A multi-session interpretation modification program: Changes in interpretation and social anxiety symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46, 1135–1141. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Beard, C., & Amir, N. (2008). A multi-session interpretation modification program: Changes in interpretation and social anxiety symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46, 1135–1141. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: New American Library. Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: New American Library.
go back to reference Beck, A. T., & Clark, D. A. (1997). An information processing model of anxiety: Automatic and strategic processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 49–58. PubMedCrossRef Beck, A. T., & Clark, D. A. (1997). An information processing model of anxiety: Automatic and strategic processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 49–58. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Benight, C. C., Swift, E., Sanger, J., Smith, A., & Zeppelin, D. (1999). Coping self-efficacy as a mediator of distress following a natural disaster. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29, 2443–2464. CrossRef Benight, C. C., Swift, E., Sanger, J., Smith, A., & Zeppelin, D. (1999). Coping self-efficacy as a mediator of distress following a natural disaster. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29, 2443–2464. CrossRef
go back to reference Bonanno, G. A. (2012). Uses and abuses of the resilience construct: loss, trauma, and health-related adversities. Social Science and Medicine, 74, 753–756. PubMedCrossRef Bonanno, G. A. (2012). Uses and abuses of the resilience construct: loss, trauma, and health-related adversities. Social Science and Medicine, 74, 753–756. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bonanno, G. A., Galea, S., Bucciarelli, A., & Vlahov, D. (2006). Psychological resilience after disaster: New York City in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attack. Psychological Science, 17, 181–186. PubMedCrossRef Bonanno, G. A., Galea, S., Bucciarelli, A., & Vlahov, D. (2006). Psychological resilience after disaster: New York City in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attack. Psychological Science, 17, 181–186. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bonanno, G. A., Westphal, M., & Mancini, A. D. (2011). Resilience to loss and potential trauma. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 7, 511–535. PubMedCrossRef Bonanno, G. A., Westphal, M., & Mancini, A. D. (2011). Resilience to loss and potential trauma. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 7, 511–535. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brown, T. A., Campbell, L. A., Lehman, C. L., Grisham, J. R., & Mancill, R. B. (2001). Current and lifetime comorbidity of the DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders in a large clinical sample. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 585–599. PubMedCrossRef Brown, T. A., Campbell, L. A., Lehman, C. L., Grisham, J. R., & Mancill, R. B. (2001). Current and lifetime comorbidity of the DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders in a large clinical sample. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 585–599. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Burns, R. A., Anstey, K. J., & Windsor, T. D. (2011). Subjective well-being mediates the effects of resilience and mastery on depression and anxiety in a large community sample of young and middle-aged adults. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 240–248. PubMedCrossRef Burns, R. A., Anstey, K. J., & Windsor, T. D. (2011). Subjective well-being mediates the effects of resilience and mastery on depression and anxiety in a large community sample of young and middle-aged adults. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 240–248. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Clark, D. M. (1986). A cognitive approach to panic. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24(4), 461–470. PubMedCrossRef Clark, D. M. (1986). A cognitive approach to panic. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24(4), 461–470. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Clark, D. M., Salkovskis, P. M., Öst, L. G., Breitholtz, E., Koehler, K. A., Westling, B. E., et al. (1997). Misinterpretation of body sensations in panic disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65(2), 203–213. Clark, D. M., Salkovskis, P. M., Öst, L. G., Breitholtz, E., Koehler, K. A., Westling, B. E., et al. (1997). Misinterpretation of body sensations in panic disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65(2), 203–213.
go back to reference Clerkin, E. M., & Teachman, B. A. (2010). Training implicit social anxiety associations: An experimental intervention. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24(3), 300–308. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Clerkin, E. M., & Teachman, B. A. (2010). Training implicit social anxiety associations: An experimental intervention. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24(3), 300–308. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Clerkin, E. M., & Teachman, B. A. (2011). Training interpretation biases among individuals with symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 337–343. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Clerkin, E. M., & Teachman, B. A. (2011). Training interpretation biases among individuals with symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 337–343. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 18, 76–82. PubMedCrossRef Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 18, 76–82. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cristea, I. A., Kok, R. N., & Cuijpers, P. (2015). Efficacy of cognitive bias modification interventions in anxiety and depression: Meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 206(1), 7–16. PubMedCrossRef Cristea, I. A., Kok, R. N., & Cuijpers, P. (2015). Efficacy of cognitive bias modification interventions in anxiety and depression: Meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 206(1), 7–16. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Davidson, J., Stein, D. J., Rothbaum, B. O., Pedersen, R., Szumski, A., & Baldwin, D. S. (2012). Resilience as a predictor of treatment response in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder treated with venlafaxine extended release or placebo. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 26, 778–783. PubMedCrossRef Davidson, J., Stein, D. J., Rothbaum, B. O., Pedersen, R., Szumski, A., & Baldwin, D. S. (2012). Resilience as a predictor of treatment response in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder treated with venlafaxine extended release or placebo. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 26, 778–783. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Deacon, B. J., Abramowitz, J. S., Woods, C. M., & Tolin, D. F. (2003). The Anxiety Sensitivity Index—Revised: Psychometric properties and factor structure in two nonclinical samples. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 1427–1449. PubMedCrossRef Deacon, B. J., Abramowitz, J. S., Woods, C. M., & Tolin, D. F. (2003). The Anxiety Sensitivity Index—Revised: Psychometric properties and factor structure in two nonclinical samples. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 1427–1449. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Finlay, C. G., & Forsyth, J. P. (2009). Context and renewal of conditioned fear: An experimental evaluation using 20% carbon dioxide-enriched air as an unconditioned stimulus. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23, 737–745. PubMedCrossRef Finlay, C. G., & Forsyth, J. P. (2009). Context and renewal of conditioned fear: An experimental evaluation using 20% carbon dioxide-enriched air as an unconditioned stimulus. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23, 737–745. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fredrickson, B. L., Tugade, M. M., Waugh, C. E., & Larkin, G. R. (2003). What good are positive emotions in crises? A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(2), 365–376. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Fredrickson, B. L., Tugade, M. M., Waugh, C. E., & Larkin, G. R. (2003). What good are positive emotions in crises? A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(2), 365–376. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Garmezy, N. (1991). Resilence and vulnerability to adverse developmental outcomes associated with poverty. American Behavioral Scientist, 34, 416–430. CrossRef Garmezy, N. (1991). Resilence and vulnerability to adverse developmental outcomes associated with poverty. American Behavioral Scientist, 34, 416–430. CrossRef
go back to reference Gorlin, E. I., Beadel, J., Teachman, B. A., & Roberson-Nay, R. (2012). One week test– retest reliability of subjective response to 7.5  % CO 2 breathing challenge. In Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Anxiety Disorders Association of America, Arlington, Virginia. Gorlin, E. I., Beadel, J., Teachman, B. A., & Roberson-Nay, R. (2012). One week testretest reliability of subjective response to 7.5  % CO 2 breathing challenge. In Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Anxiety Disorders Association of America, Arlington, Virginia.
go back to reference Gorman, J. M., Browne, S. T., Papp, L. A., Martinez, J., Welkowitz, L., Coplan, J. D., et al. (1997). Effect of antipanic treatment on response to carbon dioxide. Biological Psychiatry, 42, 982–991. PubMedCrossRef Gorman, J. M., Browne, S. T., Papp, L. A., Martinez, J., Welkowitz, L., Coplan, J. D., et al. (1997). Effect of antipanic treatment on response to carbon dioxide. Biological Psychiatry, 42, 982–991. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gorman, J. M., Papp, L. A., Coplan, J. D., Martinez, J. M., Lennon, S., Goetz, R. R., et al. (1994). Anxiogenic effects of CO 2 and hyperventilation in patients with panic disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 547–553. PubMedCrossRef Gorman, J. M., Papp, L. A., Coplan, J. D., Martinez, J. M., Lennon, S., Goetz, R. R., et al. (1994). Anxiogenic effects of CO 2 and hyperventilation in patients with panic disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 547–553. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hallion, L. S., & Ruscio, A. M. (2011). A meta-analysis of the effect of cognitive bias modification on anxiety and depression. Psychological Bulletin, 137(6), 940–958. PubMedCrossRef Hallion, L. S., & Ruscio, A. M. (2011). A meta-analysis of the effect of cognitive bias modification on anxiety and depression. Psychological Bulletin, 137(6), 940–958. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Himadi, W. G., Boice, R., & Barlow, D. H. (1985). Assessment of agoraphobia: Triple response measurement. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23(3), 311–323. PubMedCrossRef Himadi, W. G., Boice, R., & Barlow, D. H. (1985). Assessment of agoraphobia: Triple response measurement. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23(3), 311–323. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Holaday, M., & MacPhearson, R. W. (1997). Resilience and severe burns. Journal of Counseling and Development, 75, 346–356. CrossRef Holaday, M., & MacPhearson, R. W. (1997). Resilience and severe burns. Journal of Counseling and Development, 75, 346–356. CrossRef
go back to reference Houck, P. R., Spiegel, D. A., Shear, M. K., & Stat, P. R. D. (2002). Reliability of the self-report version of the panic disorder severity scale. Depression and Anxiety, 15, 183–185. PubMedCrossRef Houck, P. R., Spiegel, D. A., Shear, M. K., & Stat, P. R. D. (2002). Reliability of the self-report version of the panic disorder severity scale. Depression and Anxiety, 15, 183–185. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kent, M., Davis, M. C., Stark, S. L., & Stewart, L. A. (2011). A resilience-oriented treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder: Results of a preliminary randomized clinical trial. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(5), 591–595. PubMedCrossRef Kent, M., Davis, M. C., Stark, S. L., & Stewart, L. A. (2011). A resilience-oriented treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder: Results of a preliminary randomized clinical trial. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(5), 591–595. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., Berglund, P. B., Demler, O., Jin, R., Merikangas, K. R., & Walters, E. E. (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM- IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 593–602. PubMedCrossRef Kessler, R. C., Berglund, P. B., Demler, O., Jin, R., Merikangas, K. R., & Walters, E. E. (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM- IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 593–602. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., Chiu, W. T., Jin, R., Ruscio, A. M., Shear, K., & Walters, E. E. (2006). The epidemiology of panic attacks, panic disorder, and agoraphobia in the national comorbidity survey replication. Archive General Psychiatry, 63(4), 415–424. CrossRef Kessler, R. C., Chiu, W. T., Jin, R., Ruscio, A. M., Shear, K., & Walters, E. E. (2006). The epidemiology of panic attacks, panic disorder, and agoraphobia in the national comorbidity survey replication. Archive General Psychiatry, 63(4), 415–424. CrossRef
go back to reference Levitt, J. T., Brown, T. A., Orsillo, S. M., & Barlow, D. H. (2004). The effects of acceptance versus suppression of emotion on subjective and psychophysiological response to carbon dioxide challenge in patients with panic disorder. Behavior Therapy, 35, 747–766. CrossRef Levitt, J. T., Brown, T. A., Orsillo, S. M., & Barlow, D. H. (2004). The effects of acceptance versus suppression of emotion on subjective and psychophysiological response to carbon dioxide challenge in patients with panic disorder. Behavior Therapy, 35, 747–766. CrossRef
go back to reference Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). Research on resilience: Response to commentaries. Child Development, 71, 573–575. CrossRef Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). Research on resilience: Response to commentaries. Child Development, 71, 573–575. CrossRef
go back to reference Mackintosh, B., Mathews, A., Eckstein, D., & Hoppitt, L. (2013). Specificity effects in the modification of interpretation bias and stress reactivity. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 4(2), 133–147. Mackintosh, B., Mathews, A., Eckstein, D., & Hoppitt, L. (2013). Specificity effects in the modification of interpretation bias and stress reactivity. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 4(2), 133–147.
go back to reference Masten, A. S., Best, K. M., & Garmezy, N. (1990). Resilience and development: Contributions from the study of children who overcome adversity. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 425–444. CrossRef Masten, A. S., Best, K. M., & Garmezy, N. (1990). Resilience and development: Contributions from the study of children who overcome adversity. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 425–444. CrossRef
go back to reference Mathews, A., & Mackintosh, B. (2000). Induced emotional interpretation bias and anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(4), 602–615. PubMedCrossRef Mathews, A., & Mackintosh, B. (2000). Induced emotional interpretation bias and anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(4), 602–615. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mathews, A., Ridgeway, V., Cook, E., & Yiend, J. (2007). Inducing a benign interpretational bias reduces trait anxiety. Journal of Behavior Therapy, 38, 225–236. Mathews, A., Ridgeway, V., Cook, E., & Yiend, J. (2007). Inducing a benign interpretational bias reduces trait anxiety. Journal of Behavior Therapy, 38, 225–236.
go back to reference Mavissakalian, M. (1987). Trimodal assessment in agoraphobia research: Further observations on heart rate and synchrony/desynchrony. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 9(1), 89–98. CrossRef Mavissakalian, M. (1987). Trimodal assessment in agoraphobia research: Further observations on heart rate and synchrony/desynchrony. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 9(1), 89–98. CrossRef
go back to reference Min, J. A., Lee, N. B., Lee, C. U., Lee, C., & Chae, J. H. (2012). Low trait anxiety, high resilience, and their interaction as possible predictors for treatment response in patients with depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 137, 61–69. PubMedCrossRef Min, J. A., Lee, N. B., Lee, C. U., Lee, C., & Chae, J. H. (2012). Low trait anxiety, high resilience, and their interaction as possible predictors for treatment response in patients with depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 137, 61–69. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Murphy, R., Hirsch, C. R., Mathews, A., Smith, K., & Clark, D. M. (2007). Facilitating a benign interpretation bias in a high socially anxious population. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 1517–1529. PubMedCrossRef Murphy, R., Hirsch, C. R., Mathews, A., Smith, K., & Clark, D. M. (2007). Facilitating a benign interpretation bias in a high socially anxious population. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 1517–1529. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nillni, Y. I., Berenz, E. C., Rohan, K. J., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2012). Sex differences in panic-relevant responding to a 10% carbon dioxide-enriched air biological challenge. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 165–172. PubMedCrossRef Nillni, Y. I., Berenz, E. C., Rohan, K. J., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2012). Sex differences in panic-relevant responding to a 10% carbon dioxide-enriched air biological challenge. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 165–172. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nobre, J. S., & da Motta Singer, J. (2007). Residual analysis for linear mixed models. Biometrical Journal, 49, 863–875. PubMedCrossRef Nobre, J. S., & da Motta Singer, J. (2007). Residual analysis for linear mixed models. Biometrical Journal, 49, 863–875. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Papadopoulos, A., Rich, A., Nutt, D. J., & Bailey, J. E. (2010). The effects of single dose anxiolytic medication on the CO 2 models of anxiety: Differentiation of subjective and objective measures. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 24, 649–656. PubMedCrossRef Papadopoulos, A., Rich, A., Nutt, D. J., & Bailey, J. E. (2010). The effects of single dose anxiolytic medication on the CO 2 models of anxiety: Differentiation of subjective and objective measures. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 24, 649–656. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Peterson, R. A., & Reiss, S. (1992). The Anxiety Sensitivity Index manual (2nd ed.). Worthington, OH: International Diagnostic Systems. Peterson, R. A., & Reiss, S. (1992). The Anxiety Sensitivity Index manual (2nd ed.). Worthington, OH: International Diagnostic Systems.
go back to reference Pietrzak, R. H., Russo, A. R., Ling, Q., & Southwick, S. M. (2011). Suicidal ideation in treatment-seeking veterans of operations enduring freedom and iraqi freedom: The role of coping strategies, resilience, and social support. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45, 720–726. PubMedCrossRef Pietrzak, R. H., Russo, A. R., Ling, Q., & Southwick, S. M. (2011). Suicidal ideation in treatment-seeking veterans of operations enduring freedom and iraqi freedom: The role of coping strategies, resilience, and social support. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45, 720–726. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pine, D. S., Klein, R. G., Roberson-Nay, R., Mannuzza, S., Moulton, J. L., Woldehawariat, G., & Guardino, M. (2005). Response to 5% carbon dioxide in children and adolescents: Relationship to panic disorder in parents and anxiety disorders in subjects. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 73–80. PubMedCrossRef Pine, D. S., Klein, R. G., Roberson-Nay, R., Mannuzza, S., Moulton, J. L., Woldehawariat, G., & Guardino, M. (2005). Response to 5% carbon dioxide in children and adolescents: Relationship to panic disorder in parents and anxiety disorders in subjects. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 73–80. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pollack, M. H., Stein, M. B., Davidson, R. T., & Ginsberg, D. L. (2004). New challenges for anxiety disorders: Where treatment, resilience, and economic priority converge. CNS Spectrums, 9, 1–10. CrossRef Pollack, M. H., Stein, M. B., Davidson, R. T., & Ginsberg, D. L. (2004). New challenges for anxiety disorders: Where treatment, resilience, and economic priority converge. CNS Spectrums, 9, 1–10. CrossRef
go back to reference Rapee, R. M., Ancis, J. R., & Barlow, D. H. (1988). Emotional reactions to physiological sensations: Panic disorder patients and non-clinical subjects. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 26, 265–269. PubMedCrossRef Rapee, R. M., Ancis, J. R., & Barlow, D. H. (1988). Emotional reactions to physiological sensations: Panic disorder patients and non-clinical subjects. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 26, 265–269. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Reiss, S., & McNally, R. J. (1985). Expectancy model of fear. Theoretical Issues in Behavior Therapy, 107-121. Reiss, S., & McNally, R. J. (1985). Expectancy model of fear. Theoretical Issues in Behavior Therapy, 107-121.
go back to reference Reiss, S., Peterson, R. A., Gursky, D. M., & McNally, R. J. (1986). Anxiety sensitivity, anxiety frequency and the prediction of fearfulness. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24(1), 1–8. PubMedCrossRef Reiss, S., Peterson, R. A., Gursky, D. M., & McNally, R. J. (1986). Anxiety sensitivity, anxiety frequency and the prediction of fearfulness. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24(1), 1–8. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Roberson-Nay, R., Beadel, J. R., Gorlin, E. I., Latendresse, S. J., & Teachman, B. A. (2015). Examining the latent class structure of CO 2 hypersensitivity using time course trajectories of panic response systems. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 47, 68–76. PubMedCrossRef Roberson-Nay, R., Beadel, J. R., Gorlin, E. I., Latendresse, S. J., & Teachman, B. A. (2015). Examining the latent class structure of CO 2 hypersensitivity using time course trajectories of panic response systems. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 47, 68–76. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Salkovskis, P. M. (1985). Obsessional-compulsive problems: A cognitive-behavioral analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 571–584. PubMedCrossRef Salkovskis, P. M. (1985). Obsessional-compulsive problems: A cognitive-behavioral analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 571–584. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Salkovskis, P. M. (1989). Cognitive-behavioural factors and the persistence of intrusive thoughts in obsessional problems. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 27, 677–692. PubMedCrossRef Salkovskis, P. M. (1989). Cognitive-behavioural factors and the persistence of intrusive thoughts in obsessional problems. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 27, 677–692. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sanderson, W. C., Rapee, R. M., & Barlow, D. H. (1989). The influence of an illusion of control on panic attacks induced via inhalation of 5.5% carbon dioxide-enriched air. Archives of General Psychiatry, 46(2), 157–162. PubMedCrossRef Sanderson, W. C., Rapee, R. M., & Barlow, D. H. (1989). The influence of an illusion of control on panic attacks induced via inhalation of 5.5% carbon dioxide-enriched air. Archives of General Psychiatry, 46(2), 157–162. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schmidt, N. B., Zvolensky, M. J., & Maner, J. K. (2006). Anxiety sensitivity: Prospective prediction of panic attacks and Axis I pathology. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 40(8), 691–699. PubMedCrossRef Schmidt, N. B., Zvolensky, M. J., & Maner, J. K. (2006). Anxiety sensitivity: Prospective prediction of panic attacks and Axis I pathology. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 40(8), 691–699. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schulz, K. F., Altman, D. G., Moher, D., & CONSORT Group. (2010). CONSORT 2010 statement: Updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. PLoS Med, 7(3), e1000251. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Schulz, K. F., Altman, D. G., Moher, D., & CONSORT Group. (2010). CONSORT 2010 statement: Updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. PLoS Med, 7(3), e1000251. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Seddon, K., Morris, K., Bailey, J., Potokar, J., Rich, A., Wilson, S., et al. (2011). Effects of 7.5% CO 2 challenge in generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 25(1), 43–51. PubMedCrossRef Seddon, K., Morris, K., Bailey, J., Potokar, J., Rich, A., Wilson, S., et al. (2011). Effects of 7.5% CO 2 challenge in generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 25(1), 43–51. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shear, M. K., Brown, T. A., Barlow, D. H., Money, R., Sholomskas, D. E., Woods, S. W., et al. (1997). Multicenter collaborative panic disorder severity scale. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 1571–1575. PubMedCrossRef Shear, M. K., Brown, T. A., Barlow, D. H., Money, R., Sholomskas, D. E., Woods, S. W., et al. (1997). Multicenter collaborative panic disorder severity scale. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 1571–1575. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sood, A., Prasad, K., Schroeder, D., & Varkey, P. (2011). Stress management and resilience training among department and medicine faculty: A pilot randomized clinical trial. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26(8), 858–861. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Sood, A., Prasad, K., Schroeder, D., & Varkey, P. (2011). Stress management and resilience training among department and medicine faculty: A pilot randomized clinical trial. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26(8), 858–861. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Steinman, S. A., & Teachman, B. A. (2010). Modifying Interpretations among individuals high in anxiety sensitivity. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24, 71–78. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Steinman, S. A., & Teachman, B. A. (2010). Modifying Interpretations among individuals high in anxiety sensitivity. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24, 71–78. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Steinman, S. A., & Teachman, B. A. (2014). Reaching new heights: Comparing interpretation bias modification to exposure therapy for extreme height fear. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(3), 404–417. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Steinman, S. A., & Teachman, B. A. (2014). Reaching new heights: Comparing interpretation bias modification to exposure therapy for extreme height fear. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(3), 404–417. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Wilson, E. J., MacLeod, C., Mathews, A., & Rutherford, E. M. (2006). The causal role of interpretive bias in anxiety reactivity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(1), 103–111. PubMedCrossRef Wilson, E. J., MacLeod, C., Mathews, A., & Rutherford, E. M. (2006). The causal role of interpretive bias in anxiety reactivity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(1), 103–111. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wingo, A. P., Wrenn, G., Pelletier, T., Gutman, A. R., Bradley, B., & Ressler, K. R. (2010). Moderating effects of resilience on depression in individuals with a history of childhood abuse or trauma exposure. Journal of Affective Disorders, 126, 411–414. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Wingo, A. P., Wrenn, G., Pelletier, T., Gutman, A. R., Bradley, B., & Ressler, K. R. (2010). Moderating effects of resilience on depression in individuals with a history of childhood abuse or trauma exposure. Journal of Affective Disorders, 126, 411–414. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Wolpe, J. (1969). Therapist and technique variables in behavior therapy of neuroses. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 10(1), 44–49. PubMedCrossRef Wolpe, J. (1969). Therapist and technique variables in behavior therapy of neuroses. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 10(1), 44–49. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zvolensky, M. J., & Eifert, G. H. (2001). A review of psychological factors/processes affecting anxious responding during voluntary hyperventilation and inhalations of carbon dioxide-enriched air. Clinical Psychology Review, 21, 375–400. PubMedCrossRef Zvolensky, M. J., & Eifert, G. H. (2001). A review of psychological factors/processes affecting anxious responding during voluntary hyperventilation and inhalations of carbon dioxide-enriched air. Clinical Psychology Review, 21, 375–400. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive Bias Modification to Enhance Resilience to a Panic Challenge
Auteurs
Jessica R. Beadel
Andrew Mathews
Bethany A. Teachman
Publicatiedatum
25-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 6/2016
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-016-9791-z

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2016

Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2016 Naar de uitgave