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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 3/2013

01-06-2013 | Original Article

Cognitive Bias Modification in Pre-adolescent Children: Inducing an Interpretation Bias Affects Self-imagery

Auteurs: Stephanos P. Vassilopoulos, Nicholas J. Moberly

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 3/2013

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Abstract

Information processing models suggest that biased interpretation and self-imagery are implicated in the genesis and maintenance of social anxiety. Previous work has shown that inducing an interpretation bias can change the valence of self-related imagery in adults. This study extends previous findings by examining this possibility in children. The effects of manipulating interpretations concerning hypothetical social events in either a benign or a negative direction were tested by having children report on self-imagery generated during subsequent exposure to ambiguous social situations. Our results showed that children reported more negatively valenced self-imagery after prior practice in endorsing negative rather than benign interpretations for ambiguous events. Importantly, this effect was particularly pronounced in children with high levels of social anxiety. These results demonstrate that manipulating interpretive biases can result in corresponding changes in children’s self-imagery and further highlight the importance of future research on the relation among cognitive biases.
Voetnoten
1
The same pattern of results was observed when children’s and independent judges’ emotional ratings of images were analyzed separately.
 
2
The interaction between depressive symptoms and condition did not significantly predict self-imagery valence, either when entered alone in the fourth step, β = –.02, t < 1, or when entered simultaneously with the social anxiety by condition interaction, β = –.17, t = 1.41, p = .16. In the latter case, the social anxiety by condition interaction remained a significant predictor, β = .40, t = 3.15, p = .002, indicating that the effects of interpretation training on self-imagery valence are moderated specifically by social anxiety.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive Bias Modification in Pre-adolescent Children: Inducing an Interpretation Bias Affects Self-imagery
Auteurs
Stephanos P. Vassilopoulos
Nicholas J. Moberly
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 3/2013
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-012-9481-4