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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2009


Cognitive and Interpersonal Predictors of Stress Generation in Children of Affectively Ill Parents

Auteurs: Josephine H. Shih, John R. Z. Abela, Claire Starrs

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2009

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Stress generation is a process in which individuals, through their depressive symptoms, personal characteristics, and/or behaviors, contribute to the occurrence of stressful life events. While this process has been well documented in adults, few studies have examined it in children. The present study examines whether cognitive and interpersonal vulnerability factors to depression contribute to stress generation in children, independent of their current depressive symptoms. Participants included 140 children (ages 6 to 14) and one of their parents. During an initial assessment, children completed self-report measures assessing cognitive and interpersonal vulnerability factors to depression. Children and their parents also completed measures assessing depressive symptoms. One year later, children and their parents participated in a semi-structured interview assessing the occurrence of stressful life events in the past year. Multi-level modeling results provided strong support for the stress generation process in children of affectively ill parents and highlight the importance of considering gender and age moderation effects.


Given that an additive approach has been used to measure depressogenic inferential style in the adult depression literature, we also conducted all analyses substituting the additive approach for the weakest link approach. The results from the additive approach mirror those of the weakest link approach.

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Cognitive and Interpersonal Predictors of Stress Generation in Children of Affectively Ill Parents
Josephine H. Shih
John R. Z. Abela
Claire Starrs
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2009
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174

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