Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Department of Cardiology 4D 194, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, and Interuniversity Cardiology Institute of the Netherlands (ICIN), Utrecht, the Netherlands
Significant advances in three-dimensional echocardiography have made this modality a powerful diagnostic tool in the cardiology clinic. It can provide accurate and reliable measurements of chamber size and function, including the quantification of left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony to guide patient selection for cardiac resynchron-isation therapy. Furthermore, three-dimensional echocardiography offers novel views and comprehensive anatomic definition of valvular and congenital abnormalities, improving diagnosis and preoperative planning. In addition, it is extremely useful in monitoring the effectiveness of surgical or percutaneous transcatheter interventions. As its efficacy for more and more clinical applications is demonstrated, it is clear that three-dimensional echocardiography has become part of the routine clinical diagnostic armamentarium. In this article, we describe the development of three-dimensional echocardiography over the last decades, review the scientific evidence for its current clinical use and discuss potential future applications. (Neth Heart J 2009;17:18-24.)
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Dekker DL, Piziali RL, Dong E Jr. A system for ultrasonically imaging the human heart in three dimensions. ComputBiomed Res 1974; 7: 544-53.
Legget ME, Leotta DF, Bolson EL, et al. System for quantitative three-dimensional echocardiography of the left ventricle based on a magnetic-field position and orientation sensing system. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 1998; 45: 494-504.
Gopal AS, Keller AM, Shen Z, et al. Three-dimensional echocardiography: in vitro and in vivo validation of left ventricular mass and comparison with conventional echocardiographic methods. JAm Coll Cardiol 1994; 24: 504-13.
Sapin PM, Schroder KM, Gopal AS, Smith MD, DeMaria AN, King DL. Comparison of two- and three-dimensional echocardiography with cineventriculography for measurement of left ventricular volume in patients. J Am Coll Cardiol 1994; 24: 1054-63.
Altmann K, Shen Z, Boxt LM, et al. Comparison of three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of volume, mass, and function in children with functionally single left ventricles with two-dimensional echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Cardiol 1997; 15: 1060-5.
Mannaerts HF, Van Der Heide JA, Kamp O, et al. Quantification of left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction using freehand transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiography: comparison with magnetic resonance imaging. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2003; 16: 101-9.
Levine RA, Handschumacher MD, Sanfilippo AJ, et al. Three-dimensional echocardiographic reconstruction of the mitral valve, with implications for the diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse. Circulation 1989; 80: 589-98.
Nosir YF, Fioretti PM, Vletter WB, et al. Accurate measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction by three-dimensional echocardiography. A comparison with radionuclide angiography. Circulation 1996; 94: 460-6.
Kuhl HP, Franke A, Janssens U, et al. Three-dimensional echocardiographic determination of left ventricular volumes and function by multiplane transesophageal transducer: dynamic in vitro validation and in vivo comparison with angiography and thermodilution. JAm Soc Echocardiogr 1998; 11: 1113-24.
Mannaerts H, Li Y, Kamp O, et al. Quantitative assessment of mechanical prosthetic valve area by 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2001; 14: 723-31
Langerveld J, Valocik G, Plokker HW, et al. Additional value of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography for patients with mitral valve stenosis undergoing balloon valvuloplasty. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2003; 16: 841-9.
Valocik G, Kamp O, Mannaerts HF, Visser CA. New quantitative three-dimensional echocardiographic indices of mitral valve stenosis: new 3D indices of mitral stenosis. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2007; 23: 707-16.
Sugeng L, Spencer KT, Mor-Avi V, et al. Dynamic three-dimensional color flow Doppler: an improved technique for the assessment of mitral regurgitation. Echocardiography 2003; 20: 265-73.
von Ramm OT, Smith SW. Real time volumetric ultrasound imaging system. J Digit Imaging 1990; 3: 261-6.
Jenkins C, Bricknell K, Hanekom L, Marwick TH. Reproducibility and accuracy of echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular parameters using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 44: 878-86.
Kuhl HP, Schreckenberg M, Rulands D, et al. High-resolution transthoracic real-time three-dimensional echocardiography: quantitation of cardiac volumes and function using semi-automatic border detection and comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43: 2083-90.
Mor-Avi V, Sugeng L, Weinert L, et al. Fast measurement of left ventricular mass with real-time three-dimensional echocardiography: comparison with magnetic resonance imaging. Circulation 2004; 110: 1814-8.
Van Der Heide JA, Mannaerts HF, Spruijt HJ, et al. Noninvasive mapping of left ventricular electromechanical asynchrony by three-dimensional echocardiography and semi-automatic contour detection. Am J Cardiol 2004; 94: 1449-53.
Kapetanakis S, Kearney MT, Siva A, Gall N, Cooklin M, Monaghan MJ. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography: a novel technique to quantify global left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony. Circulation 2005; 112: 992-1000.
van Dijk J, Dijkmans PA, Gotte MJ, Spreeuwenberg MD, Visser CA, Kamp O. Evaluation of global left ventricular function and mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with an asymptomatic left bundle branch block: a real-time 3D echocardiography study. Eur J Echocardiogr 2008; 9: 40-6.
Marsan NA, Bleeker GB, Ypenburg C, et al. Real-Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography Permits Quantification of Left Ventricular Mechanical Dyssynchrony and Predicts Acute Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2008; 19: 392-9.
Ota T, Fleishman CE, Strub M, et al. Real-time, three-dimensional echocardiography: feasibility of dynamic right ventricular volume measurement with saline contrast. Am Heart J 1999; 137: 958-66.
Kjaergaard J, Petersen CL, Kjaer A, Schaadt BK, Oh JK, Hassager C. Evaluation of right ventricular volume and function by 2D and 3D echocardiography compared to MRI. Eur J Echocardiogr 2006; 7: 430-8.
Niemann PS, Pinho L, Balbach T, et al. Anatomically oriented right ventricular volume measurements with dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography validated by 3 -Tesla magnetic resonance imaging. J Am Coll Cardiol 2007; 50: 1668-76.
De Castro S, Caselli S, Di Angelantonio E, et al. Relation of left atrial maximal volume measured by real-time 3D echocardiography to demographic, clinical, and Doppler variables. Am J Cardiol 2008; 101: 1347-52.
Suh IW, Song JM, Lee EY, et al. Left atrial volume measured by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography predicts clinical outcomes in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and in sinus rhythm. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2008; 21: 439-45.
Collins M, Hsieh A, OhazamaCJ, et al. Assessment of regional wall motion abnormalities with real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1999; 12: 7-14.
Aggeli C, Giannopoulos G, Misovoulos P, et al. Real-time three-dimensional dobutamine stress echocardiography for coronary artery disease diagnosis: validation with coronary angiography. Heart 2007; 93: 672-5.
Pulerwitz T, Hirata K, Abe Y, et al. Feasibility of using a real-time 3-dimensional technique for contrast dobutamine stress echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2006; 19: 540-5.
Krenning BJ, Kirschbaum SW, Soliman OI, et al. Comparison of contrast agent-enhanced versus non-contrast agent-enhanced real-time three-dimensional echocardiography for analysis of left ventricular systolic function. Am J Cardiol 2007; 100: 1485-9.
Nemes A, Geleijnse ML, Krenning BJ, et al. Usefulness of ultrasound contrast agent to improve image quality during real-time three-dimensional stress echocardiography. Am J Cardiol 2007; 99: 275-8.
Toledo E, Lang RM, Collins KA, et al. Imaging and quantification of myocardial perfusion using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 2006; 47: 146-54.
Otsuji Y, Handschumacher MD, Schwammenthal E, et al. Insights from three-dimensional echocardiography into the mechanism of functional mitral regurgitation: direct in vivo demonstration of altered leaflet tethering geometry. Circulation 1997; 96: 1999-2008.
Watanabe N, Ogasawara Y, Yamaura Y, et al. Quantitation of mitral valve tenting in ischemic mitral regurgitation by trans-thoracic real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005; 45: 763-9.
Liel-Cohen N, Guerrero JL, Otsuji Y, et al. Design of a new surgical approach for ventricular remodeling to relieve ischemic mitral regurgitation: insights from 3-dimensional echocardiography. Circulation 2000; 101: 2756-63.
Zamorano J, Cordeiro P, Sugeng L, et al. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography for rheumatic mitral valve stenosis evaluation: an accurate and novel approach. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43: 2091-6.
Sugeng L, Coon P, Weinert L, et al. Use of real-time 3-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the evaluation of mitral valve disease. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2006; 19: 413-21.
Mannaerts HF, Kamp O, Visser CA. Should mitral valve area assessment in patients with mitral stenosis be based on anatomical or on functional evaluation? A plea for 3D echocardiography as the new clinical standard. Eur Heart J 2004; 25: 2073-4.
Valocik G, Kamp O, Visser CA. Three-dimensional echocardiography in mitral valve disease. Eur J Echocardiogr 2005; 6: 443-54.
Pothineni KR, Inamdar V, Miller AP, et al. Initial experience with live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Echocardiography 2007; 24: 1099-104.
Gilon D, Cape EG, Handschumacher MD, et al. Effect of three-dimensional valve shape on the hemodynamics of aortic stenosis: three-dimensional echocardiographic stereolithography and patient studies. J Am Coll Cardiol 2002; 40: 1479-86.
Kasprzak JD, Salustri A, Roelandt JR, Ten Cate FJ. Three-Dimensional Echocardiography of the Aortic Valve: Feasibility, Clinical Potential, and Limitations. Echocardiography 1998; 15: 127-38.
ChengTO,Xie MX,WangXF,WangY, Lu Q. Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography in assessing atrial and ventricular septal defects: an echocardiographic-surgical correlative study. Am Heart J 2004; 148: 1091-5.
Singh A, Romp RL, Nanda NC, et al. Usefulness of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of atrioventricular septal defects. Echocardiography 2006; 23: 598-608.
Chan KL, Liu X, Ascah KJ, Beauchesne LM, Burwash IG. Comparison of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography with conventional 2-dimensional echocardiography in the assessment of structural heart disease. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2004; 7: 976-80.
Sadagopan SN, Veldtman GR, Sivaprakasam MC, et al. Correlations with operative anatomy of real time three-dimensional echocardiographic imaging of congenital aortic valvar stenosis. Cardiol Young 2006; 16: 490-4.
Rawlins DB, Austin C, Simpson JM. Live three-dimensional paediatric intraoperative epicardial echocardiography as a guide to surgical repair of atrioventricular valves. Cardiol Young 2006; 16: 34-9.
Salustri A, Spitaels S, McGhie J, Vletter W, Roelandt JR. Transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiography in adult patients with congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995; 26: 759-67.
Papavassiliou DP, Parks WJ, Hopkins KL, Fyfe DA. Three-dimensional echocardiographic measurement of right ventricular volume in children with congenital heart disease validated by magnetic resonance imaging. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1998; 11: 770-7.
van den Bosch AE, Robbers-Visser D, Krenning BJ, et al. Realtime transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular volume and ejection fraction in congenital heart disease. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2006; 19: 1-6.
- Clinical application of three-dimensional echocardiography: past, present and future
S. A. Kleijn
- Bohn Stafleu van Loghum