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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 3/2013

01-06-2013 | Original Article

Classes of Psychotic Experiences in Kenyan Children and Adolescents

Auteurs: Daniel Mamah, Akinkunle Owoso, Anne W. Mbwayo, Victoria N. Mutiso, Susan K. Muriungi, Lincoln I. Khasakhala, Deanna M. Barch, David M. Ndetei

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 3/2013

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Abstract

Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) have been observed worldwide in both adults and children outside the context of a clinical disorder. In the current study, we investigate the prevalence and patterns of PLEs among children and adolescents in Kenya. Among 1,971 students from primary and secondary schools around Nairobi (aged 8–19), 22.1 % reported a lifetime history of a psychotic experience, and 16.3 % reported this unrelated to sleep or drugs. Psychotic experiences were more common in males compared to females. LCA resulted in a three-class model comprised of a normative class (83.3 %), a predominately hallucinatory class (Type 1 psychosis: 9.6 %), and a pan-psychotic class (Type 2 psychosis: 7.2 %). These results indicate that PLEs are prevalent in children and adolescents, and the distributions of symptom clusters are similar to that found in adulthood. The relationship of specific PLEs to the future development of psychotic disorder, functional impairment or distress will require further study.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Classes of Psychotic Experiences in Kenyan Children and Adolescents
Auteurs
Daniel Mamah
Akinkunle Owoso
Anne W. Mbwayo
Victoria N. Mutiso
Susan K. Muriungi
Lincoln I. Khasakhala
Deanna M. Barch
David M. Ndetei
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 3/2013
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-012-0339-5