Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Better understanding risk factors for the development of adolescent emotional and behavioral problems can help with intervention and prevention efforts. Previous studies have found that an early menarcheal age predicts several adolescent problems, including depressive symptoms, delinquency, and early age at first intercourse. Few studies, nevertheless, have explicitly tested (a) whether the associations with menarcheal age vary across racial/ethnic groups or (b) whether the sources of the associations are within-families (i.e., consistent with a direct, causal link) or only between-families (i.e., due to selection or confounding factors). The current study analyzed data from a nationally representative US Sample of females (N = 5,637). We examined whether race/ethnicity moderated the associations between early menarche and several adolescent problems by using multiple-group analyses and we examined the degree to which genetic and environmental factors shared by family members account for the associations by comparing sisters and cousins with differing menarcheal ages. Menarcheal age predicted subsequent depressive symptoms, delinquency, and early age at first intercourse in the population. The magnitudes of the associations were similar across all racial/ethnic groups for all outcomes. The within-family associations (i.e., when comparing siblings and cousins with different menarcheal age) were large and statistically significant when predicting early intercourse, but not the other outcomes. The findings suggest that selection or confounding factors account for the associations between menarcheal age and subsequent depressive symptoms and delinquency, whereas the independent association between menarcheal age and early age at first intercourse is consistent with a direct, causal effect.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Adolescence, & American College of Obstetricians Gynecologists, Committee on Adolescent Health Care. (2006). Menstruation in girls and adolescents: Using the menstrual cycle as a vital sign. Pediatrics, 118(5), 2245–2250. doi: 10.1542/peds.2006-2481. CrossRef
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. (2008a). Children of the NLSY79, 1979– 2008 [computer file].
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. (2008b). National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 cohort, 1979– 2008 (rounds 1- 23) [computer file].
Del Giudice, M., & Ellis, B. J. (2014). Evolutionary foundations of developmental psychopathology (3rd ed., Vol. 1). New York: Wiley.
Donahue, K. L., D’Onofrio, B. M., Bates, J. E., Lansford, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (2010). Early exposure to parents’ relationship instability: Implications for sexual behavior and depression in adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47(6), 547–554. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.04.004. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Donahue, K., D’Onofrio, B., Lichtenstein, P., & Långström, N. (2013). Testing putative causal associations of risk factors for early intercourse in the Study of Twin Adults: Genes and Environment (STAGE). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42(1), 35–44. doi: 10.1007/s10508-012-9947-1. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
D’Onofrio, B. M., Lahey, B. B., Turkheimer, E., & Lichtenstein, P. (2013). Critical need for family-based, quasi-experimental designs in integrating genetic and social science research. American Journal of Public Health, 103(S1), S46–S55. doi: 10.2105/ajph.2013.301252. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Ellis, B. J., McFadyen-Ketchum, S., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (1999). Quality of early family relationships and individual differences in the timing of pubertal maturation in girls: A longitudinal test of an evolutionary model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(2), 387–401. doi: 10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2067. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Harden, K. P., & Mendle, J. (2012). Gene-environment interplay in the association between pubertal timing and delinquency in adolescent girls. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121(1), 73–87. doi: 10.1037/a0024160.
Haynie, D. L. (2003). Contexts of risk? Explaining the link between girls’ pubertal development and their delinquency involvement. Social Forces, 82(1), 355–397. CrossRef
Joinson, C., Heron, J., Araya, R., Paus, T., Croudace, T., Rubin, C., et al. (2012). Association between pubertal development and depressive symptoms in girls from a UK cohort. Psychological Medicine, FirstView. doi: 10.1017/S003329171200061X.
Lahey, B. B., Van Hulle, C. A., Waldman, I. D., Rodgers, J. L., D’Onofrio, B. M., Pedlow, S., et al. (2006). Testing descriptive hypotheses regarding sex differences in the development of conduct problems and delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34(5), 737–755. doi: 10.1007/s10802-006-9064-5.
Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (2001). Childhood predictors differentiate life-course persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial pathways among males and females. Development and Psychopathology, 13(2), 355–375.
Moore, S. R., Harden, K. P., & Mendle, J. (2014). Pubertal timing and adolescent sexual behavior in girls. Developmental Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0036027.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2010). Mplus user’s guide: Sixth edition. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén and Muthén.
Orth, U., Robins, R. W., & Meier, L. L. (2009). Disentangling the effects of low self-esteem and stressful events on depression: findings from three longitudinal studies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychoogy, 97(2), 307. CrossRef
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385-401. doi: 10.1177/014662167700100306.
Reef, J., Diamantopoulou, S., Meurs, I., Verhulst, F., & Ende, J. (2011). Developmental trajectories of child to adolescent externalizing behavior and adult DSM-IV disorder: Results of a 24-year longitudinal study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 46(12), 1233–1241. doi: 10.1007/s00127-010-0297-9. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Reinke, W. M., Eddy, J. M., Dishion, T. J., & Reid, J. B. (2012). Joint trajectories of symptoms of disruptive behavior problems and depressive symptoms during early adolescence and adjustment problems during emerging adulthood. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(7), 1123–1136. doi: 10.1007/s10802-012-9630-y. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Resnick, M. D., Bearman, P. S., Blum, R. W., Bauman, K. E., Harris, K. M., Jones, J., & Udry, J. R. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association. doi: 10.1001/jama.1997.03550100049038.
Skoog, T., & Stattin, H. (2014). Why and under what contextual conditions do early-maturing girls develop problem behaviors? Child Development Perspectives, 8(3), 158–162. doi: 10.1111/cdep.12076.
van den Berg, S., Setiawan, A., Bartels, M., Polderman, T., van der Vaart, A. W., & Boomsma, D. I. (2006). Individual differences in puberty onset in girls: Bayesian estimation of heritabilities and genetic correlations. Behavior Genetics, 36(2), 261–270. doi: 10.1007/s10519-005-9022-y. CrossRefPubMed
Woolfenden, S. R., Williams, K., & Peat, J. K. (2002). Family and parenting interventions for conduct disorder and delinquency: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 86(4), 251-256. doi: 10.1136/adc.86.4.251.
Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., & Helfand, M. (2008). Ten years of longitudinal research on US adolescent sexual behavior: Developmental correlates of sexual intercourse, and the importance of age, gender and ethnic background. Developmental Review, 28(2), 153–224. CrossRef
- Clarifying the Associations between Age at Menarche and Adolescent Emotional and Behavioral Problems
Erikka B. Vaughan
Carol A. Van Hulle
William H. Beasley
Joseph L. Rodgers
Brian M. D’Onofrio
- Springer US