Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The experience of chronic generalized harassment from others can have a deleterious impact on individuals over time. Specifically, coping resources may be taxed, resulting in the use of avoidant coping strategies such as substance use. However, little is known about the experience of chronic generalized harassment (e.g., verbal hostility, manipulation by others, exclusion from important events) and its impact on substance use in collegiate populations. In the current study, we examined the latent growth of generalized harassment across the transition from high school to college, whether this growth was heterogeneous, and the relationships between latent generalized harassment classifications and substance use. Incoming freshmen students (N = 2890; 58 % female; 53 % white) at eight colleges in Illinois completed a web survey at five points: fall 2011 (baseline), spring 2012 (T1), fall 2012 (T2), fall 2013 (T3) and fall 2014 (T4). Students were required to be at least 18 years old at baseline, and were compensated with online gift certificates. Two-part latent class growth analysis was implemented in order to examine heterogeneous growth over time. The results supported a two-class solution (infrequent and chronic classes) for generalized harassment. Growth in harassment was characterized by a decrease from baseline through college entry, with a recovery in rates by T3. Members of the chronically harassed class had greater mean generalized harassment over time, and were less likely to report zero instances of harassment experiences. As hypothesized, membership in the chronic class predicted future binge drinking, drinking to intoxication, problems due to alcohol use, and cigarette use, but not marijuana use. Future interventions should focus on providing college students with resources to help cope with distress stemming from persistent generalized harassment from peers, faculty, and other individuals in higher-education settings.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Arnett, J. J. (2005). The developmental context of substance use in emerging adulthood. Journal of Drug Issues, 35, 235–254. CrossRef
Barker, E. D., Boivin, M., Brendgen, M., Fontaine, N., Arseneault, L., Vitaro, F., et al. (2008). Predictive validity and early predictors of peer-victimization trajectories in preschool. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65(10), 1185–1192.
Biggs, B. K., Vernberg, E., Little, T. D., Dill, E. J., Fonagy, P., & Twemlow, S. W. (2010). Peer victimization trajectories and their association with children’s affect in late elementary school. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34(2), 136–146.
Buhs, E. S., McGinley, M., & Toland, M. (2010). Overt and relational victimization in Latinos and European-Americans: Measurement invariance across ethnicity, gender and grade-level in early adolescent groups. Journal of Early Adolescence, 30, 171–197. CrossRef
Chapell, M., Casey, D., De La Cruz, C., Ferrell, J., Forman, J., Lipkin, R., et al. (2004). Bullying in college by students and teachers. Adolescence, 39, 53–64. PubMed
Chapell, M. S., Hasselman, S. L., Kitchin, T., Lomon, S. N., MacIver, K. W., & Sarullo, P. L. (2006). Bullying in elementary school, high school, and college. Adolescence, 41, 633–648. PubMed
Cowie, H., Bauman, S., Coyne, I., Myers, C., Pörhölä, M., & Almeida, A. (2013). Cyberbullying amongst university students: An emergent cause for concern? In P. K. Smith & G. Steffgen (Eds.), Cyberbullying through the new media: Findings from an international network (pp. 165–177). New York, NY: Psychology Press.
DeHart, T., Peterson, J. L., Richeson, J. A., & Hamilton, H. R. (2014). A diary study of daily perceived mistreatment and alcohol consumption in college students. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36(5), 443–451. CrossRef
Dempsey, A. G., & Storch, E. A. (2008). Relational victimization: The association between recalled adolescent social experiences and emotional adjustment in early adulthood. Psychology in the Schools, 45(4), 310–322. CrossRef
Dickerson, S. S., & Zoccola, P. M. (2013). Cortisol responses to social exclusion. In C. N. DeWall (Ed.), The oxford handbook of social exclusion (pp. 143–151). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Duncan, T. E., Duncan, S. C., & Strycker, L. A. (2006). An introduction to latent variable growth curve modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Faith, M. A., Malcolm, K. T., & Newgent, R. A. (2008). Reducing potential mental health issues and alcohol abuse through an early prevention model for victims of peer harassment. Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, 31(3), 327–335.
Glomb, T. M., & Cortina, L. M. (2006). The experience of victims: Using theories of traumatic and chronic stress to understand individual outcomes of workplace abuse. In E. K. Kelloway, J. Barling, & J. J. Hurrell, Jr. (Eds.), Handbook of workplace violence (pp. 517–534). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Goldstein, S. E., Malanchuk, O., Davis-Kean, P. E., & Eccles, J. S. (2007). Risk factors of sexual harassment by peers: A longitudinal investigation of African American and European American adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 17(2), 285–300. CrossRef
Greeley, J., & Oei, T. (1999). Alcohol and tension reduction. In K. E. Leonard & H. T. Blane (Eds.), Psychological theories of drinking and alcoholism (2nd ed., pp. 14–53). New York: Guilford.
Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., & Bachman, J. G. (2002). National survey results on drug use from the Monitoring the Future study, 1975– 2001 (Vol. II: College students and young adults Ed.). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Juvonen, J., Nishina, A., & Graham, S. (2000). Peer harassment, psychological adjustment, and school functioning in early adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92(2), 349–359.
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998-2012). Mplus user’s guide. seventh edition. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. (1998). Protecting youth at work: Health, safety, and development of working children and adolescents in the United States. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. D. (2002). Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 14, 23–39. CrossRef
Potthast, N., Neuner, F., & Catani, C. (2014). The contribution of emotional maltreatment to alcohol dependence in a treatment-seeking sample. Addictive Behaviors, 39(5), 949–958.
Richman, J. A., Rospenda, K. M., Nawyn, S. J., Flaherty, J. A., Fendrich, M., Drum, M. L., et al. (1999). Sexual harassment and generalized workplace abuse among university employees: Prevalence and mental health correlates. American Journal of Public Health, 89, 358–363. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Runions, K. C., & Shaw, T. (2013). Teacher–child relationship, child withdrawal and aggression in the development of peer victimization. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 34(6), 319–327. CrossRef
Sher, K. J., Wood, P. K., & Gotham, H. J. (1996). The course of psychological distress in college: A prospective high-risk study. Journal of College Student Development, 37, 42–51.
Sullivan, T. N., Farrell, A. D., & Kliewer, W. (2006). Peer victimization in early adolescence: Association between physical and relational victimization and drug use, aggression, and delinquent behaviors among urban middle school students. Development and Psychopathology, 18(1), 119–137. CrossRefPubMed
Tofighi, D., & Enders, C. K. (2007). Identifying the correct number of classes in growth mixture models. In G. R. Hancock & K. M. Samuelsen (Eds.), Advances in latent variable mixture models (pp. 317–341). Greenwhich, CT: Information Age.
Vaillancourt, T., McDougall, P., Hymel, S., Krygsman, A., Miller, J., Stiver, K., & Davis, C. (2008). Bullying: Are researchers and children/youth talking about the same thing? International Journal of Behavioral Development, 32(6), 486–495. CrossRef
Walsh, B. M., & Magley, V. J. (2014). An empirical investigation of the relationship among forms of workplace mistreatment. Violence and Victims, 2, 363–379. CrossRef
White, H. R., & Jackson, K. M. (2005). Social and psychological influences on emerging adult drinking behavior. Alcohol Research & Health, 28(4), 182–190.
White, H. R., Labouvie, E. W., & Papadaratsakis, V. (2005). Changes in substance use during the transition to adulthood: A comparison of college students and their noncollege age peers. Journal of Drug Issues, 35, 281–306. CrossRef
- Chronic Generalized Harassment During College: Influences on Alcohol and Drug Use
Kathleen M. Rospenda
Judith A. Richman
- Springer US