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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2008

01-02-2008

Children with Autism and Their Friends: A Multidimensional Study of Friendship in High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Nirit Bauminger, Marjorie Solomon, Anat Aviezer, Kelly Heung, Lilach Gazit, John Brown, Sally J. Rogers

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2008

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Abstract

This study of Israeli and American preadolescent children examined characteristics of friendship in 44 children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) compared to 38 typically developing children (TYP), as they interacted with a close friend Participants were 8–12 years of age (HFASD: Israel, n = 24; USA, n = 20; TYP: Israel, n = 23; USA, n = 15), and were matched on SES, receptive language vocabulary, child age, and gender (each study group included one girl). Multidimensional assessments included: individual behaviors of target children and observed child–friend interactions during construction and drawing scenarios; target child’s and friend’s self-perceived mutual friendship qualities; and mother-reported characteristics (friendship’s duration/frequency; friend’s age/gender/disability status). Overall, children with HFASD displayed a number of differences on individual and dyadic friendship measures. Both age and verbal abilities affected friendship behaviors. Children with HFASD and their friends perceived friendship qualities similarly, suggesting that preadolescents with HFASD have capacities for interpersonal awareness. Between-group similarities also emerged on several complex social behaviors, suggesting that friendship follows a developmental trajectory in autism and may enhance social interaction skills in autism.
Voetnoten
1
The FOS manual is available upon request from the first author.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Children with Autism and Their Friends: A Multidimensional Study of Friendship in High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Nirit Bauminger
Marjorie Solomon
Anat Aviezer
Kelly Heung
Lilach Gazit
John Brown
Sally J. Rogers
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9156-x

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